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Jeffrey G. Caron, Gordon A. Bloom, Karen M. Johnston and Catherine M. Sabiston

The purpose of this study was to understand the meanings and lived experiences of multiple concussions in professional hockey players using hermeneutic, idiographic, and inductive approaches within an interpretative phenomenological analysis. The interviewer was an athlete who had suffered multiple concussions, and the interviewees were five former National Hockey League athletes who had retired due to medically diagnosed concussions suffered during their careers. The men discussed the physical and psychological symptoms they experienced as a result of their concussions and how the symptoms affected their professional careers, personal relationships, and quality of life. The former professional athletes related these symptoms to the turmoil that is ever present in their lives. These findings are of interest to athletes, coaches, sport administrators, family members, sport psychology practitioners, and medical professionals, as they highlight the severity of short- and long-term effects of concussions.

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Josh Ogden and Jonathon R. Edwards

Organizations in a sport system compete against one another while working together to sustain a competitive environment and to provide opportunities for competition at the provincial/state, national, or international level. This paper is a multicase study comparison of the elite sport development systems of Canada and Sweden to explore the differences and similarities between their approaches to the delivery of ice hockey. Semistructured interviews took place with participants from North America and Europe. Additional data came from media articles from Canada and Sweden. Findings revealed six themes/characteristics: the cost of hockey, residential boundaries, the player selection process, skill development, early specialization, and coaching. The results suggest that Canadian and Swedish hockey systems offer two different approaches to elite player development (closed vs. open systems), resulting in different trajectories regarding international success in the World Junior Championships and in the number of players drafted into the National Hockey League.

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Spencer Riehl, Ryan Snelgrove and Jonathon Edwards

changing environment, where focus has shifted from competitive focus to an increase in athlete development and enjoyment. Although organizational change occurred for the Ontario Soccer Association, hockey organizations in Canada have been slow to make similar changes. Scholars have recognized that hockey

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Kari Roethlisberger, Vista Beasley, Jeffrey Martin, Brigid Byrd, Krista Munroe-Chandler and Irene Muir

types. For example, girls who participate in sport benefit from increased confidence, self-esteem, social well-being, and empowerment ( Eime et al., 2013 ; Pedersen & Seidman, 2004 ; United Nations, 2007 ), and benefits specific to female ice hockey players include character development, academic

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Susan K. Putnam and Justin M. Carré

The authors examined the extent to which changes in testosterone concentrations before competition would be associated with performance among elite male hockey players. Saliva samples were collected on 2 noncompetition days (baseline) and before 2 playoff games (1 home game, 1 away game). Individual performance was assessed by the coaching staff after each game. Results indicated that changes in testosterone before competition predicted performance, but this effect was influenced by game location. Unexpectedly, the authors found a significant negative relationship between a rise in testosterone and performance for the away game and a nonsignificant positive relationship for the home game. These findings indicate that game location should be considered in studies examining the neuroendocrine correlates of athletic competition.

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Cheryl A. MacDonald

Ryan Getzlaf, captain of the National Hockey League’s (NHL) Anaheim Ducks, was fined $10,000 for calling someone a “cock sucker” in a game during the 2017 playoffs ( Chidley-Hill, 2017 ). The incident raised questions about whether or not the fine was appropriate, whether or not his apology was

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Daniel Wigfield and Ryan Snelgrove

professionalization ( Armentrout & Kamphoff, 2011 ; Hyman, 2009 ). Within Canada, minor hockey programming is often a focal point of such criticism. As Campbell and Parcels ( 2013 ) argued, the Canadian hockey system is sold to families as a hyper-competitive path to the professional ranks; therefore, an extensive

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Jeffrey M. Janot, Kelly A. Auner, Talisa M. Emberts, Robert M. Kaatz, Kaelyn M. Matteson, Emily A. Muller and Mitchell Cook

Purpose:

Previous research has stated that dryland sled pulling trains first-step quickness in hockey players. Further research has demonstrated that off-ice horizontal training (sled pull, parachute, etc) relates well to on-ice acceleration and speed. However, there is limited literature pertaining to on-ice resistance training that aims to enhance speed and acceleration in hockey players. The purpose of the current study was to determine if on-ice BungeeSkate training would improve on-ice speed and acceleration in youth hockey players.

Methods:

Twenty-three Peewee and Bantam hockey players (age 11–14) were recruited, with 20 participants completing the study. Pretesting and posttesting consisted of an on-ice 44.8-m speed test, a 6.1-m acceleration test, and a 15.2-m full-speed test. The training protocol consisted of 8 sessions of 5 BungeeSkate training exercises per session, 2 times per week for a 4-wk period.

Results:

The results of this study showed that speed and top speed were significantly increased (P < .05) by 4.2% and 4.3%, respectively. Acceleration was also slightly improved but not significantly.

Conclusions:

A 4-wk BungeeSkate training intervention can improve acceleration and speed in youth hockey players. This training method could be a valid adjunct to existing strategies to improve skill development in hockey and is shown to improve speed and acceleration in relatively short training sessions. This may be most advantageous for hockey coaches and players who are looking to maximize training benefits with limited ice time.

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John Wong

By Stephen Hardy and Andrew C. Holman. Published in 2018 by the University of Illinois Press (582 pp., $125.00 USD, Hardback, $29.95 USD Paperback). Anyone who follows the careers of Steve Hardy and Andrew Holman would know their passion for the history of hockey, and Hockey: A Global

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Ryan W. Guenter, John G.H. Dunn and Nicholas L. Holt

competitive sport systems, particularly in the sport of ice hockey ( Malloy, 2011 ). However, as noted previously, there is a dearth of research examining the roles and perceptions of scouts in the TID process. This may, in part, be due to difficulties in recruiting scouts to participate in studies because