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Emotions and Sport Performance: An Exploration of Happiness, Hope, and Anger

Tim Woodman, Paul A. Davis, Lew Hardy, Nichola Callow, Ian Glasscock, and Jason Yuill-Proctor

We conducted three experiments to examine the relationships between emotions and subcomponents of performance. Experiment 1 revealed that anger was associated with enhanced gross muscular peak force performance but that happiness did not influence grammatical reasoning performance. Following Lazarus (1991, 2000a), we examined hope rather than happiness in Experiment 2. As hypothesized, hope yielded faster soccer-related reaction times in soccer players. Experiment 3 was an examination of extraversion as a moderator of the anger-performance relationship. When angry, extraverts’ peak force increased more than introverts’. Results are discussed and future research directions are offered in relation to Lazarus’s framework.

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A Test of Basic Psychological Needs Theory in a Physical-Activity-Based Program for Underserved Youth

Lindley McDavid, Meghan H. McDonough, Bonnie T. Blankenship, and James M. LeBreton

in specific contexts and their overall self-worth ( Harter, 1999 ). Couched in basic psychological needs theory, social relationships between adults and youth, and psychological needs satisfaction in youth are shown to predict indicators of well-being such as self-worth and hope. Self-worth is a

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The Effects of the Winners for Life Book on At-Risk Participants in the Big Brothers/Big Sisters Program

Robert Weinberg, Robert Neff, and Michael Garza

Since psychology professionals have a moral and ethical responsibility to evaluate the effectiveness of different products and services aimed at improving psychological/physical well-being, development, and/or performance, the purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Winners for Life book (and accompanying Parent Instructor Guide) on improving a variety of psychological factors for at-risk adolescents. Participants were 96 pairs from the Big Brothers/Little Brothers, Big Sisters/Little Sisters program. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: Winners for Life book, Winners for Life book plus instructor guide, or control group. Each group participated in a 12-week intervention program. Results revealed that both Winners for Life book conditions resulted in greater increases in self-esteem, self-perceived goal setting ability, optimism, and hope than the control condition, with the Winners for Life book plus instructor guide condition achieving the greatest improvements.

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Sueños de Béisbol: Hopes, Experiences, and Expectations of Professional Baseball Players in the Dominican Republic

Leonardo Ruiz, Judy L. Van Raalte, Thaddeus France, and Al Petitpas

question, “What are the hopes, dreams, and expectations of professional academy baseball players in the Dominican Republic?” was used for context. The open codes were then grouped into categories (axial coding; Corbin & Strauss, 2015 ). Finally, the themes were constructed to interpret and represent these

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On the Swedish Road to Becoming a Professional Practitioner in Sport and Exercise Psychology: Students’ Views, Hopes, Dreams, and Worries

Urban Johnson and Mark Andersen

students who may become future specialists in SEP. The main goal of the present cohort-comparison study is to describe SEP undergraduate students’ current perceptions of the field and their hopes, dreams, and worries about the future as compared with previous cohorts 10 and 20 years ago (i.e.,  Johnson

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“Getting the Tip of the Pen on the Paper”: How the Spectrum of Teaching Styles Narrows the Gap Between the Hope and the Happening

Brendan SueSee, Shane Pill, Michael Davies, and John Williams

much of the contemporary discourse on MBP in PE. To achieve this, we address two questions: (a) Are MBP’s “great white elephants” or “great white hopes” ( Casey, 2014 )? and (b) To what extent can The Spectrum offer an opportunity to close the gap between the hope and the happening of MBP ( Casey et

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Subverting Bodies/Ambivalent Representations: Media Analysis of Paralympian, Hope Lewellen

“Beez” Lea Ann Schell and Stephanie Rodriguez

Socially constructed ideals regarding gender, sexuality, and corporeality often work to constrain efforts by marginalized groups to claim subjectivity through participation in sport. Increased participation in sport by female athletes has generated increased attention by national and international sport media. Though this might be thought of as a positive consequence, some researchers find that mainstream media contribute to dominant ideologies that depict sport as primarily a male (and nondisabled) domain. The purpose of this paper is to explore, through the example of Paralympian Hope Lewellen, how a woman athlete with a disability may claim subjectivity through sport, thereby subverting stereotypic concepts of gender and disability. Further, we analyze how the sport media simultaneously works to repress Lewellen’s subversive potential by portraying her in stereotypical ableist ways.

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Is Today’s Physical Education the Legacy that Franklin Henry Had Hoped For?

Roberta J. Park

The 1964 article “Physical Education, An Academic Discipline” did much to foster more and better relevant research, which is what its author, Franklin Henry, who had earned a PhD in Physiological Psychology, had hoped would occur. However, a number of negative changes (which he certainly did not want) soon began to occur in the field of physical education, which now too rarely uses that name. (Few, if any, other departments in universities and colleges have made as many name changes.) The precipitous decline of efforts to put into practice the results of research (hence, the absence of pedagogy and other “applied” courses in too many curricula) is proving to be especially detrimental. American children and young people had become so inactive that the United States Department of Health and Human Services considered it imperative to state in Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General (published in 1996): “Community leaders need to reexamine whether enough resources have been devoted to the maintenance of parks, playgrounds, community centers, and physical education. Schools and universities need to reintroduce daily, quality physical activity as a key component of a comprehensive education.” This decline has continued in spite of the fact that the number of scientific and medical studies that verify the importance of physical activity continues to grow. The field once known almost exclusively as “physical education” has become divided and fractured. When will things change for the better?

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Hope for a Better Future in an Uncertain Present: A Social Justice Reflection in Sport Psychology

Bernadette “Bernie” Compton

process of this article, but it is time to share. My story is complicated. It is filled with joys and heart-wrenching moments. However, it is also full of hope at the same time. As you read on, I am not looking for sympathy or pity. My pains, experiences, and feelings are not yours to bear. I am simply

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Mediated Sports Money: An Analysis of the Relationship Between Sports Media Consumption and College Students’ Perceived Financial Understanding

Patrick C. Gentile, Zachary W. Arth, Emily J. Dirks, and Nicholas R. Buzzelli

This study investigated the correlation between sports media consumption and its influence on college students’ perception of finances. Through the lens of cultivation theory, the study sought to gauge how financial information featured in sports media may impact college students’ perceptions about money. A survey was distributed to 225 participants across four states. Results indicate that students who consume a greater amount of sports media are more likely to have a higher perceived understanding of financial concepts, higher confidence when it comes to finances, and even an elevated perception of entry-level salaries when compared with non–sports fans. Overall, sports media consumption can influence how college student sports fans perceive finances.