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Arthur D. Fisk and Wendy A. Rogers

Two important questions are addressed in this article. The first concerns whether performance of well-learned skills is maintained as individuals grow older. The second question concerns whether older adults are able to acquire new skills. The answer to both questions is “yes”; however, the acquisition rate and the final performance level for newly acquired skills is generally less for older adults than for younger adults. The article resolves an apparent puzzle of how it is that older adults are capable of successful performance of everyday activities, given noted declines in cognitive-ability-type tasks shown for performance in laboratory studies. A brief discussion of age-related training strategies to enhance skill learning is provided.

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P.A. Hancock

What I seek to achieve in this article is an exploration of how some of the distilled and assembled principles of behavior can be applied to human goals, aspirations, and performance writ large. I look to do this through an analysis of various areas of application, although the primary framework upon which I erect this discourse is my own autobiographical progress in science. My grounding in formal research was derived from motor learning and control and it then developed into an examination of all human interaction with technical systems under the general title human factors/ergonomics. In showing an indissoluble link between the foundations of motor control and the technological mediation of human factors and ergonomics, I hope to inform and inspire their consideration of the greater aspirations for all of kinesiological science. In terms of specifics, I discuss the work my laboratory has produced over a number of decades on issues such as driving, fight, and other human-augmenting technologies, with a special focus on performance under stress and high workload conditions. To conclude, I discuss, dispute, and finally dispense with the proposition that science and purpose (proximal understanding and ultimate meaning) can be dissociated. I hope to demonstrate why the foregoing principles and their ubiquitous application mean that science in general bears a heavy, if unacknowledged burden with respect to the current failings, especially of Western society.

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Sarah M. Coppola, Philippe C. Dixon, Boyi Hu, Michael Y.C. Lin, and Jack T. Dennerlein

keyboard has 1.3-mm travel. Standards such as ISO-9241 ( Ergonomics of Human-Computer Interaction ) and ANSI/HFES 100 ( Human Factors Engineering of Computer Workstations ) provide guidelines for the design and development of desktop and laptop computers but may not be relevant for modern devices. Studies

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Christopher A. Bailey, Maxana Weiss, and Julie N. Côté

.1136/oem.59.8.537 Chaffin , D.B. , Faraway , J.J. , Zhang , X. , & Woolley , C. ( 2000 ). Stature, age, and gender effects on reach motion postures . Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 42 ( 3 ), 408 – 420 . doi:10.1518/001872000779698222 10

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April Karlinsky and Nicola J. Hodges

, W. , Jr. , & Fein , E.C. , Jr. ( 2003 ). Dyadic protocols, observational learning, and the acquisition of complex skills . Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 47th Annual Meeting 47 ( 19 ), 2050 – 2053 . 10.1177/154193120304701908 Deci , E.L. , & Ryan , R.M. ( n

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Raimey Olthuis, John van der Kamp, Koen Lemmink, and Simone Caljouw

-preferred hands . In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on human factors in computing systems—CHI ‘93 (pp.  474 – 481 ). New York, NY : ACM Press . doi:10.1145/169059.169414 10.1145/169059.169414 Krigolson , O. , Clark , N. , Heath , M. , & Binsted , G. ( 2007 ). The proximity of visual landmarks

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Richard Shusterman

Human Factors in Computing Systems . Honolulu, HI . Retrieved from Fitz-Gibbon , A . ( 2012 ). Somaesthetics: Body consciousness and nonviolence . Social Philosophy Today, 28, 85 – 99 . doi:10.5840/socphiltoday2012286 10.5840/socphiltoday

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Jinhui Li, Chen Li, Bing Xun Chia, Xinran Chen, Tan Phat Pham, and Yin-Leng Theng

. , & Graham , T.C.N. ( 2019 ). Social play in an exergame: How the need to belong predicts adherence . Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , Glasgow, Scotland UK . doi: 10.1145/3290605.3300660 Khoo , E.T. , Cheok , A.D. , Nguyen , T

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Itay Basevitch, Gershon Tenenbaum, Edson Filho, Selen Razon, Nataniel Boiangin, and Paul Ward

Experimental Psychology: Applied, 13, 158 – 170 . PubMed ID: 17924801 doi:10.1037/1076-898X.13.3.158 Suss , J. , Belling , P. , & Ward , P. , ( 2014 ). Use of cognitive task analysis to probe option-generation in law enforcement . Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 58th Annual

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Bridget Ellen Philippa Bourke, Dane Francis Baker, and Andrea Jane Braakhuis

.A. ( 2017 ). When personal tracking becomes social: Examining the use of Instagram for healthy eating . Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , Denver, CO , pp.  1674 – 1687 . doi:10.1145/30254533025747 Greenwood , S. , Perrin , A. , & Duggan , M. ( 2016