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Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers, Margaret E. Whitehead, and Niek Pot

literacy is more likely to provide a meaningful learning experience as an outcome of the nurturing of an individual’s embodied capability. Through the intentional action to develop an individual’s embodied capability, the maximization of human potential may be encouraged, thus nurturing certain goods and

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John W. Mahoney, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Clifford J. Mallett, and Nikos Ntoumanis

In light of the extant literature, the aim of the current study was to compare adolescents’ perspectives on mental toughness and its development across performance contexts, and to explore if such perspectives align with Bronfenbrenner’s (2001) bioecological model. Eighteen mentally tough adolescents (9 boys, 9 girls, Mage = 15.6 years) from three performance contexts (i.e., sport, academia, and music) participated in focus groups, 7 of whom also participated in follow-up one-to-one interviews. Inductive analyses revealed that mental toughness was conceptualized by 9 personal characteristics, and that while similar across performance contexts, some difference between previous mental toughness conceptualization and the current study existed. Analyses also revealed that mental toughness development was predicated on significant others, supportive social processes, critical incidents, and curiosity. These findings resonated with the properties of the bioecological model. Future research into how bioecological factors combine to facilitate mental toughness development during critical stages of life was suggested.

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Robert J. Rotella and Mi Mi Murray

Homophobia has been an issue of concern in the world of sport for decades. It has had a negative impact on the world of athletes, coaches, and sport psychology consultants. Both heterosexuals and homosexuals are affected. Homophobia has kept some from striving for excellence while interfering with and hindering some who pursued success in sport. Specialists in sport psychology who claim to care about the development of human potential in sport must be concerned about the impact of homophobia. An honest look at attitudes, beliefs, and values is a necessary step forward if change is to occur. A move in the direction of healthy acceptance of differing sexual preferences is suggested, along with an effective philosophy for doing so. A wish list for the future is included.

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Carla Filomena Silva and P. David Howe

This paper is a call to Adapted Physical Activity (APA) professionals to increase the reflexive nature of their practice. Drawing upon Foucault’s concept of governmentality (1977) APA action may work against its own publicized goals of empowerment and self-determination. To highlight these inconsistencies, we will draw upon historical and social factors that explain the implicit dangers of practice not following policy. We propose that APA practitioners work according to ethical guidelines, based upon a capabilities approach (Nussbaum, 2006, 2011; Sen, 2009) to counteract possible adverse effects of APA practitioner action. A capabilities approach is conducive to the development of each individual’s human potential, by holistically considering the consequences of physical activity (i.e., biological, cultural, social, and psychological dimensions). To conclude, this paper will offer suggestions that may lead to an ethical reflection aligned with the best interest of APA’s users.

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Leehu Zysberg and Rotem Hemmel

. 7 , 8 Although considerable advances have been attained, our understanding of the personal resources and dynamic motivating one to adhere to an active lifestyle is still partial at best. A relatively new concept that may shed new light on human potentials, processes, and factors associated with PA

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John Pates and Kieran Kingston

-established approaches. The first, transpersonal psychology, focuses on developing human potential using interventions that target peak experiences and altered states of consciousness (see Lajoie & Shapiro, 1992 ). Psychological interventions associated with transpersonal therapy, namely, music and hypnosis (see Davis

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Margaret E. Whitehead, Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers, and Niek Pot

reason. With respect to social justice, the work of Sen ( 2009 ) and Nussbaum ( 2011 ) endorses the importance of fostering capabilities. They put forward the view that it is a human right to enable each person to capitalize on all capabilities to realize human potential and lead a full life. The value

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Juana Willumsen and Fiona Bull

Group . Nutruring Care for Early Childhood Development: A Framework for Helping Children Survive and Thrive to Transform Health and Human Potential . Geneva, Switzerland : World Health Organization ; 2018 . 8. World Health Organization . WHO Handbook for Guideline Development . 2nd ed. Geneva

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Daniel Bok, Karim Chamari, and Carl Foster

be used to stay active during the pandemic. So, there has been a large sample of top-level athletes who, unwillingly, have been trapped in this “experimental” condition. Observing the detraining changes in top-level athletes, who generally have reached the limits of human potential, can be

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Daniel B. Robinson, Lynn Randall, and Joe Barrett

are, as a result of the interactions they have with the world and the ways in which each interaction is interpreted. There are several ways to interact with the world and the embodied dimension is one very powerful way. Human potential is developed and enriched through the provision and experiences of