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Masato Kawabata and Rachel Evans

The present study examined the extent to which scores on the Flow State Scale-2 (FSS-2) could differentiate individuals who experienced flow characteristics in physical activity from those who did not. A total of 1,048 participants completed the Japanese version of the FSS-2. Latent class factor analysis (LCFA), which combines the strengths of both latent class analysis and factor analysis, was conducted on the FSS-2 responses. Four classes were identified through a series of LCFAs and the patterns of the item-average scores for the nine flow attributes were found parallel among these classes. The top two classes (15.1% and 38.9% of the whole sample) were considered the groups who experienced flow characteristics during their physical activities. These results indicated that individuals who experienced flow attributes in physical activity could be differentiated from those who did not based on their FSS-2 scores. Criteria for classifying individuals into the two groups were proposed.

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Matt W. Boulter, James Hardy, Ross Roberts, and Tim Woodman

 al., 2014 ). To test our hypotheses, we applied hybrid modeling and used a conditional indirect effect approach. Hybrid modeling allows for the inclusion of measurement error with variables while maintaining an observed variable model ( Wang & Wang, 2012 ). This approach therefore allows researchers the

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Anna Woch and Réjean Plamondon

This article reviews the current status of the movement primitives problem, especially the question of their description and identification, and points out some challenges that are stillwhich remain unsolved by the approaches that are frequently adopted to study human movements. We use the framework of the kinematic theory proposed by Plamondon (1995 and 1998) as an example of a hybrid model thatthat allows a precise and flexible quantitative description of human movements. It is shown that the theory can be used to encompass the various types of rapid movement encountered in the field. Namely, tThe principal aim of this article is to highlight the fact that the notion of movement primitive movements should not necessarily be confined to movements with a single velocity peak, as it is still often assumed in many models. The model allows, for example, a simple description of a movement primitivethat, which might contain up to two direction reversals.

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Marlene A. Dixon and Per G. Svensson

of hybrid models for responding to divergent institutional demands and in understanding the tensions and internal dynamics in the structure, management, and maintenance of organizations undergoing hybridization processes ( Svensson, 2017 ; Svensson & Seifried, 2017 ). Now, empirical research is

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Jon Welty Peachey, Nico Schulenkorf, and Ramon Spaaij

by a combination of theoretical perspectives that go beyond sport. In particular, the analysis of Highway of Hope’s response to institutional complexity is underpinned by literature related to institutional logics, hybridity (models, tensions, and management), and a previously developed

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Lenore Dedeyne, Jorgen A. Wullems, Jolan Dupont, Jos Tournoy, Evelien Gielen, and Sabine Verschueren

subclassified either as sitting/lying, standing, walking, or cycling by the PB machine learning model. NOP = no wear–OEP–PB; OEP = Otago exercise protocol; PB = physical behavior. The no-wear classification for either accelerometer or IMU data in both approaches was obtained by a hybrid model. This hybrid model

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Jared A. Russell, Leslie D. Gonzales, and Harald Barkhoff

hybrid models of instruction, and addressing budgetary constraints that resulting from low student enrollment ( Benn et al., 2020 ; Gonzalez & Griffin, 2020 ). Moreover, the dual crises exposed the historical, systemic, and institutionalized structures within higher education that have led to widespread

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Ilana Santos de Oliveira, Bárbara Coiro Spessato, Dayana da Silva Oliveira, Romulo José César Lins, and Silvia Wanick Sarinho

, reliability, and validity for Brazilian children . Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35 ( 3 ), 733 – 740 . 10.1016/j.ridd.2013.10.028 Wilson , P.H. , Smits-Engelsman , B.S. , Caeyenberghs , K. , & Steenbergen , B. ( 2017 ). Toward a hybrid model

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Kerri A. Graber, Kari L. Loverro, Mark Baldwin, Erika Nelson-Wong, Joshua Tanor, and Cara L. Lewis

were determined with respect to the global coordinate system. Marker trajectories were low-pass filtered using a fourth-order Butterworth filter with a cutoff frequency of 6 Hz. 43 Joint kinematics were calculated from the marker data using an 8-segment hybrid model with a Cardan x – y – z

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Daniela Corbetta, Rebecca F. Wiener, Sabrina L. Thurman, and Emalie McMahon

differences in movement characteristics due to occlusion at 6 months and 1 year old. In contrast, Pogetti et al. ( 2013 ) found that, at 5 months old, occlusion of the arm led to fewer straight trajectories to the target compared to a nonoccluded arm condition. Pogetti et al. proposed a hybrid model whereby