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Raphael M. Cunha, Gisela Arsa, Iransé Oliveira-Silva, Izabela Ferreira Rocha, and Alexandre Machado Lehnen

The systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) is an independent, linear, and continuous risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It involves high medical and socioeconomic costs arising mainly from complications. These aggravations include cerebrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, cardiac

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Amanda Zaleski, Beth Taylor, Braden Armstrong, Michael Puglisi, Priscilla Clarkson, Stuart Chipkin, Charles Michael White, Paul D. Thompson, and Linda S. Pescatello

Hypertension, now defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥130 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥80 mmHg, is the most common, costly, and modifiable cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor in the United States and world. Hypertension affects 103 million or ∼46% of Americans ( Muntner et

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Emma Weston, Matthew Nagy, Tiwaloluwa A. Ajibewa, Molly O’Sullivan, Shannon Block, and Rebecca E. Hasson

Hypertension, once thought of as an adult disease, is now one of the most common health concerns for children and a major public health issue ( 21 ). While cardiovascular disease is not present in children, intermediate markers of target organ damage, such as left ventricular hypertrophy

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José Machado Filho, Carlos Leonardo Figueiredo Machado, Hirofumi Tanaka, and Rodrigo Ferrari

Hypertension is an important public health problem that affects mainly older individuals ( Picon, Fuchs, Moreira, & Fuchs, 2013 ; Picon, Fuchs, Moreira, Riegel, & Fuchs, 2012 ). Sustained high blood pressure (BP) levels are directly related to vascular and overall mortality. However, a reduction

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Ítalo Ribeiro Lemes, Xuemei Sui, Bruna Camilo Turi-Lynch, Steven N. Blair, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Jamile Sanches Codogno, and Henrique Luiz Monteiro

Hypertension is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality ( Lotfaliany et al., 2015 ; Mills et al., 2016 ). Despite the efforts of health professionals, the prevalence of hypertension is high worldwide, with 29% in the United States ( Fryar, Ostchega, Hales, Zhang

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Elizabeth A. Schlenk, G. Kelley Fitzgerald, Joan C. Rogers, C. Kent Kwoh, and Susan M. Sereika

Over nine million Americans have knee osteoarthritis (KOA), a chronic disorder associated with frequent knee pain and functional limitations that intrude upon everyday life. About half of those with KOA have hypertension (HBP), one of the most prevalent risk factors for cardiovascular disease

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Aline Mendes Gerage, Tânia Rosane Bertoldo Benedetti, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Ana Célia Oliveira dos Santos, Bruna Cadengue Coêlho de Souza, and Fábio Araujo Almeida

Hypertension affects 30%–45% of adults worldwide. 1 It is associated with metabolic, functional, and structural changes in a variety of organs and, consequently, leads to a higher risk of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events. 1 , 2 As physical inactivity and unhealthy eating habits are major

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Jongbum Ko, Dalton Deprez, Keely Shaw, Jane Alcorn, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Corey Tomczak, Heather Foulds, and Philip D. Chilibeck

Hypertension is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, and death 1 and the leading risk factor worldwide for death and disability. 2 Hypertension is thought to be an underlying cause for 1 in 6 deaths in North Americans and along with tobacco smoking, is

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Bruna Camilo Turi, Jamile S. Codogno, Romulo A. Fernandes, Xuemei Sui, Carl J. Lavie, Steven N. Blair, and Henrique Luiz Monteiro


Hypertension is one of the most common noncommunicable diseases worldwide, and physical inactivity is a risk factor predisposing to its occurrence and complications. However, it is still unclear the association between physical inactivity domains and hypertension, especially in public healthcare systems. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the association between physical inactivity aggregation in different domains and prevalence of hypertension among users of Brazilian public health system.


963 participants composed the sample. Subjects were divided into quartiles groups according to 3 different domains of physical activity (occupational; physical exercises; and leisure-time and transportation). Hypertension was based on physician diagnosis.


Physical inactivity in occupational domain was significantly associated with higher prevalence of hypertension (OR = 1.52 [1.05 to 2.21]). The same pattern occurred for physical inactivity in leisure-time (OR = 1.63 [1.11 to 2.39]) and aggregation of physical inactivity in 3 domains (OR = 2.46 [1.14 to 5.32]). However, the multivariate-adjusted model showed significant association between hypertension and physical inactivity in 3 domains (OR = 2.57 [1.14 to 5.79]).


The results suggest an unequal prevalence of hypertension according to physical inactivity across different domains and increasing the promotion of physical activity in the healthcare system is needed.

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Thaís Reichert, Rochelle Rocha Costa, Bruna Machado Barroso, Vitória de Mello Bones da Rocha, Henrique Bianchi Oliveira, Cláudia Gomes Bracht, Anemarí Girardon de Azevedo, and Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel

Hypertension is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in older adults, affecting about 70% of this population ( Mozaffarian et al., 2015 ). Furthermore, hypertension is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, which account for nearly half of the cardiovascular morbidity and