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Martin Eubank, Dave Collins, and Nick Smith

In the presence of anxiety, threatening stimuli are allocated greater processing priority by high-trait-anxious individuals (Mathews, 1993). As anxiety direction (Jones, 1995) might best account for individual differences, this investigation aimed to establish whether or not such processing priority is a function of anxiety interpretation. Anxiety facilitators and debilitators performed a modified Stroop test (Stroop, 1935) by reacting to neutral, positive, and negative word types in neutral, positive, and negative mood conditions. A significant 3-way interaction, F(4,80) = 3.95, p < .05, was evident, with facilitators exhibiting a processing bias toward positive words in positive mood conditions. The data support the contention that anxiety interpretation is an important distinguishing variable in accounting for processing bias and support the potential contribution of cognitive restructuring practices to athletic performance.

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A. Mark Williams and David Elliott

The effects of anxiety and expertise on visual search strategy in karate were examined. Expert and novice karate performers moved in response to taped karate offensive sequences presented under low (LA) and high anxiety (HA). Expert performers exhibited superior anticipation under LA and HA. No differences were observed between groups in number of fixations, mean fixation duration, or total number of fixation locations per trial. Participants displayed scan paths ascending and descending the centerline of the body, with primary fixations on head and chest regions. Participants demonstrated better performance under HA than under LA. Anxiety had a significant effect on search strategy, highlighted by changes in mean fixation duration and an increase in number of fixations and total number of fixation locations per trial. Increased search activity was more pronounced in novices, with fixations moving from central to peripheral body locations. These changes in search strategy with anxiety might be caused by peripheral narrowing or increased susceptibility to peripheral distractors.

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Olivia Bartlett and James L. Farnsworth II

hand, an individual can view the pain as nonthreatening and will likely continue to engage in activities of daily living. 2 On the other hand, pain catastrophizing, or dwelling on the most negative consequences, can occur. 2 Pain catastrophizing will likely result in kinesiophobia, hypervigilance

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney, and Riley Nickols

, appearance related preoccupation, hypervigilance, emotional dysregulation, and difficulty coping with the demands of sport, relationships and living ( Petrie, Galli, Greenleaf, Reel, & Carter, 2013 ). Body and appearance dissatisfaction may persist and/or intensify ( Galli, Petrie, Reel, Chatterton

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Michael W. Kirkwood, David R. Howell, Brian L. Brooks, Julie C. Wilson, and William P. Meehan III

following concussion. Implications for Concussion Clinical Management The importance of understanding nocebo phenomena in the clinical management of concussion cannot be overstated. Increased symptomatology, anxiety, hypervigilance, and worsened outcomes overall may occur if providers contribute to negative

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Jeromy M. Alt, Adam W. Kiefer, Ryan MacPherson, Tehran J. Davis, and Paula L. Silva

pressure induced in this experiment, it is possible that both experiences promote a shift in attention away from ongoing conditions. In the case of anxiety, attention might be shifted internally due to an anxiety-related phenomena called hypervigilance ( Bögels & Mansell, 2004 ; Ellmers & Young, 2018

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Martin Roderick and Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson

of an ever-present demand for a positive presentation of self and thereby “representation of club” was widely reported in the interviews, requiring a form of “hypervigilance of selfpresentation.” Despite such vigilance, and however hard the athletes worked at their presentation of self, many

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Emily R. Hunt and Melissa C. Day

chronic or debilitative long-term pain, alongside hypervigilance and a heightened awareness of pain. While there has been a range of research examining chronic pain, sporting population’s experiences of chronic pain may be arguably different. Nixon’s body of research highlighted that athletes may

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Wolf E. Mehling

hypervigilance toward bodily sensations interpreted as threatening and anxiety-provoking in patients. This style of bodily awareness is apparently maladaptive and has traditionally been assessed, due to lack of better instruments, by having patients check a list of anxiety-related symptoms ( Porges, 1993

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Kendahl Shortway, Marina Oganesova, and Andrew Vincent

effects include shock, fear, irritability, anxiety, hypervigilance, guilt, shame, inattention, disbelief, denial, sudden mood fluctuations, and emotional numbing ( Fanflik, 2007 ). Some victims of sexual assault may develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is characterized by the development of