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A. Mark Williams and David Elliott

The effects of anxiety and expertise on visual search strategy in karate were examined. Expert and novice karate performers moved in response to taped karate offensive sequences presented under low (LA) and high anxiety (HA). Expert performers exhibited superior anticipation under LA and HA. No differences were observed between groups in number of fixations, mean fixation duration, or total number of fixation locations per trial. Participants displayed scan paths ascending and descending the centerline of the body, with primary fixations on head and chest regions. Participants demonstrated better performance under HA than under LA. Anxiety had a significant effect on search strategy, highlighted by changes in mean fixation duration and an increase in number of fixations and total number of fixation locations per trial. Increased search activity was more pronounced in novices, with fixations moving from central to peripheral body locations. These changes in search strategy with anxiety might be caused by peripheral narrowing or increased susceptibility to peripheral distractors.

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Martin Eubank, Dave Collins, and Nick Smith

In the presence of anxiety, threatening stimuli are allocated greater processing priority by high-trait-anxious individuals (Mathews, 1993). As anxiety direction (Jones, 1995) might best account for individual differences, this investigation aimed to establish whether or not such processing priority is a function of anxiety interpretation. Anxiety facilitators and debilitators performed a modified Stroop test (Stroop, 1935) by reacting to neutral, positive, and negative word types in neutral, positive, and negative mood conditions. A significant 3-way interaction, F(4,80) = 3.95, p < .05, was evident, with facilitators exhibiting a processing bias toward positive words in positive mood conditions. The data support the contention that anxiety interpretation is an important distinguishing variable in accounting for processing bias and support the potential contribution of cognitive restructuring practices to athletic performance.

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Olivia Bartlett and James L. Farnsworth II

hand, an individual can view the pain as nonthreatening and will likely continue to engage in activities of daily living. 2 On the other hand, pain catastrophizing, or dwelling on the most negative consequences, can occur. 2 Pain catastrophizing will likely result in kinesiophobia, hypervigilance

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Jana Fogaca, Illene Cupit, and Matthew Gonzalez

total of 45 meaning units were coded in this question and normative reactions accounted for 30 of these. This theme included emotional reactions (e.g., sadness and shock) as well as behavioral reactions (e.g., insomnia and hypervigilance), with the most frequent codes being sadness , shock , hard

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DeAnne Davis Brooks and Rob Knox

political environment. Some Black students felt a hopelessness and sadness associated with understanding the violence that befell George Floyd and Breonna Taylor could also happen to themselves or family members; they were especially vulnerable to fear, anxiety, and hypervigilance. Some managed feelings

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney, and Riley Nickols

, appearance related preoccupation, hypervigilance, emotional dysregulation, and difficulty coping with the demands of sport, relationships and living ( Petrie, Galli, Greenleaf, Reel, & Carter, 2013 ). Body and appearance dissatisfaction may persist and/or intensify ( Galli, Petrie, Reel, Chatterton

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Michael W. Kirkwood, David R. Howell, Brian L. Brooks, Julie C. Wilson, and William P. Meehan III

following concussion. Implications for Concussion Clinical Management The importance of understanding nocebo phenomena in the clinical management of concussion cannot be overstated. Increased symptomatology, anxiety, hypervigilance, and worsened outcomes overall may occur if providers contribute to negative

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Jeromy M. Alt, Adam W. Kiefer, Ryan MacPherson, Tehran J. Davis, and Paula L. Silva

pressure induced in this experiment, it is possible that both experiences promote a shift in attention away from ongoing conditions. In the case of anxiety, attention might be shifted internally due to an anxiety-related phenomena called hypervigilance ( Bögels & Mansell, 2004 ; Ellmers & Young, 2018

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Lindsay Eales and Donna L. Goodwin

automatic, readily available, or equally distributed . . . . Sheer physical survival often depends on being smart about the very real dangers and injustices in the world” (p. 1251). Responses to trauma such as fear, avoidance, hypervigilance, and dissociation are valid, appropriate, useful, protective, and

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Natalie S. Sherry, Abigail Feder, Raymond Pan, Shawn R. Eagle, and Anthony P. Kontos

; and symptoms with movement (e.g., motion sickness) Anxiety/mood Symptoms of nervousness, sadness/depression, feeling more emotional, irritability, and hypervigilance and changes in behavior The Case To illustrate the application of our biopsychosocial, individualized-treatment approach, we selected a