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Patrick Delisle-Houde, Nathan A. Chiarlitti, Ryan E.R. Reid, and Ross E. Andersen

Ice hockey is a physically demanding contact sport that requires players to perform repeated bouts of high-energy output shifts lasting 30 to 80 seconds. 1 , 2 Ice hockey players are required to develop many physical attributes such as speed, agility, and flexibility to perform optimally in the

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Adam Douglas, Michael A. Rotondi, Joseph Baker, Veronica K. Jamnik, and Alison K. Macpherson

The sport of ice hockey is characterized by athletes repeatedly performing high-intensity, short-duration efforts while maintaining highly complex movements over the course of a 60-minute competition. For optimal performance, ice hockey athletes need to have well-rounded physical and physiological

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Kari Roethlisberger, Vista Beasley, Jeffrey Martin, Brigid Byrd, Krista Munroe-Chandler, and Irene Muir

types. For example, girls who participate in sport benefit from increased confidence, self-esteem, social well-being, and empowerment ( Eime et al., 2013 ; Pedersen & Seidman, 2004 ; United Nations, 2007 ), and benefits specific to female ice hockey players include character development, academic

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Jacinta M. Saldaris, Grant J. Landers, and Brendan S. Lay

exercise in the heat. Crushed ice ingestion is an internal precooling method that has been shown to improve exercise performance in hot and humid conditions, 8 , 9 with this improvement primarily attributed to the significant reduction in preexercise T core . 8 , 10 , 11 As an elevated T core is also

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Ryan W. Guenter, John G.H. Dunn, and Nicholas L. Holt

competitive sport systems, particularly in the sport of ice hockey ( Malloy, 2011 ). However, as noted previously, there is a dearth of research examining the roles and perceptions of scouts in the TID process. This may, in part, be due to difficulties in recruiting scouts to participate in studies because

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Pedro Galoza, Felipe Sampaio-Jorge, Marco Machado, Ricardo Fonseca, and Pierre A. V. Silva


To compare the effect of inter-set cooling and no cooling during resistance exercise (RE) on the total repetitions and select muscle damage biomarker responses.


Sixteen healthy men volunteered to participate in this study and were randomly assigned to Cooling (n = 8) or Control (n = 8) groups. They performed a RE protocol consisting of four sets of biceps curl at 80% of 1RM. The cooling group received the application of wet bags of ice during each inter-set rest interval (Cooling), while the Control realized the same protocol without ice application. Exercise was performed to voluntary fatigue and the numbers of repetitions per set were recorded. Subjects provided blood samples before and at 24, 48, and 72 h following RE to evaluate serum CK activity and myoglobin concentration.


The Cooling group produced a greater number of repetitions (approx. 21%) than did the Control, but there were no differences in serum CK activity and myoglobin responses between the groups.


Incorporating inter-set external cooling augments the number of repetitions per set during RE without inducing an additional muscle damage biomarker response.

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Jennifer Ostrowski, Angelina Purchio, Maria Beck, and JoLynn Leisinger

Cryotherapy is one of the most commonly utilized modalities during immediate care of athletic injuries and is often included as part of RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation); however, evidence supporting these components as a whole or individually is inconclusive. 1 Physiologic effects of

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Brady M. Smith, David O. Draper, Robert D. Hyldahl, and Justin H. Rigby

lower drug washout leading to greater availability for diffusion to the target tissues. Cryotherapy produces different physiological effects including the ability to decrease perfusion. 11 – 19 Ice application and cold water immersion have reduced both arterial blood flow and metabolism. 13 , 14 , 18

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Robyn F. Madden, Kelly A. Erdman, Jane Shearer, Lawrence L. Spriet, Reed Ferber, Ash T. Kolstad, Jessica L. Bigg, Alexander S.D. Gamble, and Lauren C. Benson

Ice hockey is characterized by short bursts of high-intensity physical exertion, 1 which requires athletes to simultaneously execute skilled maneuvers. 2 In addition, physicality (ie, body contact) is a necessary component of game play, particularly in men’s ice hockey where body checking is

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Devin G. McCarthy, Kate A. Wickham, Tyler F. Vermeulen, Danielle L. Nyman, Shane Ferth, Jamie M. Pereira, Dennis J. Larson, Jamie F. Burr, and Lawrence L. Spriet

Ice hockey is considered a stop-and-go or intermittent sport based on activity patterns of forward and defense players. 1 , 2 Goaltenders are on ice the entire game, but their activity patterns are intermittent like skaters. Their primary purpose is to prevent pucks from entering the goal with