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Astin D. Steward and George B. Cunningham

Across two experimental studies, the purpose of this research project was to examine how Whites evaluate African Americans with a strong racial identity. In Study 1, participants evaluated applicants for an athletic director position. Relative to their weakly identified counterparts, applicants believed to possess a strong racial identity were rated as a poorer fit for the job. Results from Study 2, which was also set within the context of hiring an athletic director, show that participant social dominance orientation moderates the relationship between racial identity and subsequent evaluations. The authors discuss theoretical and practical implications, limitations, and future directions.

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John Wong and Scott R. Jedlicka

’s application into the NHL through the dynamic interplay between commercialized sport and national/regional identity. Long before Parliament proclaimed hockey as the national (winter) sport of Canada, the perception of hockey as a Canadian cultural product was widely accepted as fact. 2 While a game hitting an

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Ben A. Larkin and Janet S. Fink

Fantasy sport has become a prominent topic of study for sport management scholars over the last decade, and along with the rise of this research have come questions regarding how fantasy sport involvement impacts fans’ loyalty to their favorite team(s). Although this question has been posed several times, results have been mixed. We posit that this is largely attributable to the fact that to this point researchers have not considered the situational environment under which fantasy sport has proliferated or the psychological processes of consumers facing multiple consumption options. Therefore, we examined a model featuring fear of missing out as an antecedent to fantasy sport involvement, social media involvement, and team identity salience during games. Furthermore, we examine the role social media involvement plays in allowing fans to accommodate both their fantasy sport and team identities during games. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

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Joshua R. Jackson, Emily J. Dirks, and Andrew C. Billings

Michael Phelps’s public identity can largely be encapsulated in one word: “Olympian.” The 23-time gold medalist is subsequently associated with discipline, strength, and perfection. However, Phelps’s streamlined Olympic personae changed in 2014 ( Gilles & Reese, 2018 ) when he was arrested for

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Fleur E.C.A. van Rens and Edson Filho

specialization sports such as gymnastics, former athletes particularly struggle with athletic retirement due to the loss of their athletic self-identity ( Gagné, Ryan, & Bargmann, 2003 ; Warriner & Lavallee, 2008 ). Similar to career transitions within sport, coping skills and personal resources are critical in

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Nick Wadsworth and Adam Hargreaves

itself ( Buber, 1970 ). Practitioners who demonstrate complete presence in the encounter allow clients to confidently and comfortably engage with the support by telling their story. Balance draws on the identity literature ( Wylleman et al., 2004 ) and highlights the importance of supporting the person

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Colin M. Wierts, Bruno D. Zumbo, Ryan E. Rhodes, Guy Faulkner, and Mark R. Beauchamp

. Self-coherence is conceptualized as a superordinate need for meaning (sense of congruence among events in one’s world) and identity (self-perceived social roles and competencies), both of which are considered to bind one’s sense of self ( Dweck, 2017 ). An important point to be made about Dweck

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Sasha M. Kullman, Brittany N. Semenchuk, Benjamin J.I. Schellenberg, Laura Ceccarelli, and Shaelyn M. Strachan

Identities provide people with a standard for behavior; when people identify with a role, they try to act in accordance with role meanings ( Burke & Tully, 1977 ). According to identity theory, when people behave in a way that is inconsistent with their identity, they feel distress ( Burke & Stets

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Rachel Allison and Chris Knoester

& Serazio, 2018 ). For many, sports fandom is a meaningful pastime that shapes self-identities and relationships with others ( Crawford, 2004 ; Mewett & Toffoletti, 2011 ; Tarver, 2017 ). Yet, U.S. sports fan cultures have historically been disproportionately (hetero)masculine and male-dominated domains

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Christine E. Wegner, Bradley J. Baker, and Gareth J. Jones

, 2015 ), and internal stakeholders, such as employees ( Swanson & Kent, 2015 ). Organizational identification, or a sense of oneness with an organization ( Mael & Ashforth, 1992 ), facilitates the development of comprehensive, group-based identities that reflect the beliefs and values of organizational