’s application into the NHL through the dynamic interplay between commercialized sport and national/regional identity. Long before Parliament proclaimed hockey as the national (winter) sport of Canada, the perception of hockey as a Canadian cultural product was widely accepted as fact. 2 While a game hitting an
John Wong and Scott R. Jedlicka
Astin D. Steward and George B. Cunningham
Across two experimental studies, the purpose of this research project was to examine how Whites evaluate African Americans with a strong racial identity. In Study 1, participants evaluated applicants for an athletic director position. Relative to their weakly identified counterparts, applicants believed to possess a strong racial identity were rated as a poorer fit for the job. Results from Study 2, which was also set within the context of hiring an athletic director, show that participant social dominance orientation moderates the relationship between racial identity and subsequent evaluations. The authors discuss theoretical and practical implications, limitations, and future directions.
Ben A. Larkin and Janet S. Fink
Fantasy sport has become a prominent topic of study for sport management scholars over the last decade, and along with the rise of this research have come questions regarding how fantasy sport involvement impacts fans’ loyalty to their favorite team(s). Although this question has been posed several times, results have been mixed. We posit that this is largely attributable to the fact that to this point researchers have not considered the situational environment under which fantasy sport has proliferated or the psychological processes of consumers facing multiple consumption options. Therefore, we examined a model featuring fear of missing out as an antecedent to fantasy sport involvement, social media involvement, and team identity salience during games. Furthermore, we examine the role social media involvement plays in allowing fans to accommodate both their fantasy sport and team identities during games. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
Fleur E.C.A. van Rens and Edson Filho
specialization sports such as gymnastics, former athletes particularly struggle with athletic retirement due to the loss of their athletic self-identity ( Gagné, Ryan, & Bargmann, 2003 ; Warriner & Lavallee, 2008 ). Similar to career transitions within sport, coping skills and personal resources are critical in
Ali Moazami-Goodarzi, Matilda Sorkkila, Kaisa Aunola and Tatiana V. Ryba
Student-athletes are a special population whose simultaneous involvement in academic and athletic roles exposes them to different demands, challenges, and goals (for a review, see Stambulova & Wylleman, 2019 ). This, in turn, can form their identity over time ( Brewer, Van Raalte, & Linder, 1993
Matthew Katz, Thomas A. Baker III and Hui Du
connectedness through a shared social identity ( Wann, Waddill, Polk, & Weaver, 2011 ), and an increased team affiliation may contribute to maintaining and facilitating interpersonal relationships ( Doyle, Filo, Lock, Funk, & McDonald, 2016 ). To facilitate further interpersonal relationships, remote fans have
Mickaël Campo, Diane Mackie, Stéphane Champely, Marie-Françoise Lacassagne, Julien Pellet and Benoit Louvet
recently argued for the need to consider the social self in the study of emotions in the context of competitive sport (e.g., Campo, Mellalieu, Ferrand, Martinent, & Rosnet, 2012 ; Tamminen et al., 2016 ). Focusing especially on the consequences of social identity for competitive emotions among athletes
Fleur E.C.A. van Rens, Rebecca A. Ashley and Andrea R. Steele
domains, as well as indicators of well-being, should be considered when investigating student-athletes’ dual careers ( Ivarsson et al., 2015 ; Stambulova et al., 2015 ). Erikson ( 1968 ) proposed that an individual’s identity is multidimensional, meaning that is consists of a series of domain
Christine E. Wegner, Jeremy S. Jordan, Daniel C. Funk and Brianna Soule Clark
In the current study the researchers investigated the creation of an identity for Black female runners through their psychological and behavioral involvement in a national running organization for Black women. A repeated measures design was used with 756 members, surveying them twice over a 14-month period regarding their involvement both with the organization and with the activity of running. We found that members’ psychological and behavioral involvement with running increased over time, and that this change was more salient for members who did not consider themselves runners before they joined the organization. These findings provide initial support for the facilitation of a running identity through membership in this running organization.
Elizabeth B. Delia
For many sport fans, identifying with a team presents the psychological benefit of a sense of belongingness and, thus, an enhanced sense of self ( Heere & James, 2007 ; Lock & Heere, 2017 ). Rooted in social identity theory ( Tajfel & Turner, 1979 ), the psychological benefits of team