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Development of a Self-Efficacy Scale in General Medical Condition Assessment and Diagnosis

Nancy D. Groh and Greggory M. Hundt

of medical conditions and illnesses. Self-efficacy relates to how confident an individual feels about carrying out a skill or skill set and is often influenced by performing in a specific situation, making it a critical factor in translating one’s knowledge and skill into successful task completion

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Body Composition, Energy Availability, Training, and Menstrual Status in Female Runners

Johanna K. Ihalainen, Oona Kettunen, Kerry McGawley, Guro Strøm Solli, Anthony C. Hackney, Antti A. Mero, and Heikki Kyröläinen

how these variables differ between ATH and CON and are associated with injury, illness, and performance improvements in ATH. With 8 of the ATH identified as being amenorrheic (AME), an additional outcome of the study was to report the differences between AME and eumenorrheic (EUM) ATH. Methods

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Intensified Olympic Preparation: Sleep and Training-Related Hormonal and Immune Responses in Water Polo

Petros G. Botonis and Argyris G. Toubekis

and increased susceptibility to illness. 11 , 12 To date, it is documented that following heavy-load training salivary immunoglobulin-A (SIgA1) may decrease; thus, leaving athletes vulnerable to pickup infections. 11 In water polo particularly, monitoring players’ immune responses prior to major

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Exercise-Induced Illness and Inflammation: Can Immunonutrition and Iron Help?

Lindy M. Castell, David C. Nieman, Stéphane Bermon, and Peter Peeling

return to normal within 5–6 hr postexercise: an exception is natural killer cells, the numbers and function of which can remain depressed for up to 48 hr during the recovery period. Illness Risk Subclinical and Clinical Illness As a consequence of exercise-induced immunodepression, resistance to

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Perceived Barriers to Reporting Mental and Behavioral Illness in the Fire Service

Kami N. Thews, Zachary K. Winkelmann, Lindsey E. Eberman, Kirsten A. Potts, and Kenneth E. Games

Key Points ▸ Firefighters experience many perceived barriers, both cultural and structural, when attempting to report mental or behavioral illness. ▸ The most challenging perceived barriers reported by firefighters included the fear of letting their fellow firefighters down and the inability to

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Brief Report: Training Load, Salivary Immunoglobulin A, and Illness Incidence in Elite Paratriathletes

Ben T. Stephenson, Eleanor Hynes, Christof A. Leicht, Keith Tolfrey, and Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey

Paratriathlon is a variant of triathlon modified for individuals with a physical impairment. 1 It has been shown that paratriathletes produce large training loads (TLs) to maximize beneficial adaptations. 1 However, there is a risk that high TLs will increase the likelihood of illness, 2 most

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U.S. High School Coaches’ Knowledge, Perception, and Current Practices Regarding Exertional Heat Illness

Bailey Thompson, Angela R. Hillman, and Ellen K. Payne

Annually, there are 9,000 high school athletes treated for exertional heat illness (EHI) in the United States ( Kerr et al., 2013 ; Kerr, Register-Mihalik, et al., 2019 ). EHI has been studied among several different athletic populations, including, but not limited to, running ( Hosokawa et

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A Program and Session Evaluation of Student-Athletes’ Experiences Participating in a Mental Illness Destigmatization Intervention

Graig M. Chow, Nicole T. Gabana, Charles Cox, Brandon T. Cooper, and Matthew D. Bird

), and systematic reviews (e.g.,  Sutcliffe et al., 2021 ) have been published in this area, further highlighting the importance of this topic. Recent findings have shown that student-athletes (SAs) are susceptible to mental illness (e.g., depression, anxiety, and disordered eating) at similar rates

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Sports Medicine Staff Size Influences Exertional Heat Illness Policies in High School Football

Riana R. Pryor, Douglas J. Casa, Susan W. Yeargin, and Zachary Y. Kerr

Key Points ▸ Schools with multiple athletic trainers implement more heat illness safety policies. ▸ Team physicians at football practices may enhance heat illness management strategies. ▸ Team physician presence may influence riskier heat illness prevention strategies. An estimated 9,200 high

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Association of Daily Workload, Wellness, and Injury and Illness During Tours in International Cricketers

Robert Ahmun, Steve McCaig, Jamie Tallent, Sean Williams, and Tim Gabbett

relationship between internal workloads, daily wellness scores, and injury and illness in a group of elite adolescent cricketers during overseas competitions. Methods Participants The sample comprised of 39 male adolescent cricketers (17.5 [0.8] y) who were selected to play international age group cricket