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Yonghwan Chang, Daniel L. Wann and Yuhei Inoue

; Inoue et al., 2015 ). Third, we attempt to improve and diversify the existing methods in sport management by employing the implicit association test (IAT) as a measurement tool of iTeam ID. IAT is a new class of response-time-based measurement designed to overcome the drawbacks of survey-based self

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Philip Furley, Matt Dicks and Daniel Memmert

In the present article, we investigate the effects of specific nonverbal behaviors signaling dominance and submissiveness on impression formation and outcome expectation in the soccer penalty kick situation. In Experiment 1, results indicated that penalty takers with dominant body language are perceived more positively by soccer goalkeepers and players and are expected to perform better than players with a submissive body language. This effect was similar for both video and point-light displays. Moreover, in contrast to previous studies, we found no effect of clothing (red vs. white) in the video condition. In Experiment 2, we used the implicit association test to demonstrate that dominant body language is implicitly associated with a positive soccer player schema whereas submissive body language is implicitly associated with a negative soccer player schema. The implications of our findings are discussed with reference to future implications for theory and research in the study of person perception in sport.

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Ben Larkin, Brendan Dwyer and Chad Goebert

such, we have proposed a mixed-method approach featuring the implicit association test (IAT) and subsequent follow-up semistructured interviews to investigate the relationship between fantasy sport participation and the dehumanization of NFL players, as well as to explore the implications of this

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Yonghwan Chang, Yong Jae Ko and Brad D. Carlson

. Journal of Sport Management, 31 , 345 – 359 . doi:10.1123/jsm.2016-0157 10.1123/jsm.2016-0157 Gibson , B. ( 2008 ). Can evaluative conditioning change attitudes toward mature brands? New evidence from the implicit association test . Journal of Consumer Research, 35 , 178 – 188 . doi:10

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Ralf Brand and Franziska Antoniewicz

Sometimes our automatic evaluations do not correspond well with those we can reflect on and articulate. We present a novel approach to the assessment of automatic and reflective affective evaluations of exercising. Based on the assumptions of the associative-propositional processes in evaluation model, we measured participants’ automatic evaluations of exercise and then shared this information with them, asked them to reflect on it and rate eventual discrepancy between their reflective evaluation and the assessment of their automatic evaluation. We found that mismatch between self-reported ideal exercise frequency and actual exercise frequency over the previous 14 weeks could be regressed on the discrepancy between a relatively negative automatic and a more positive reflective evaluation. This study illustrates the potential of a dual-process approach to the measurement of evaluative responses and suggests that mistrusting one’s negative spontaneous reaction to exercise and asserting a very positive reflective evaluation instead leads to the adoption of inflated exercise goals.

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Avelina C. Padin, Charles F. Emery, Michael Vasey and Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser

relaxation period, participants completed a computerized implicit attitudes task, the personalized Single Category Implicit Association Test (SC-IAT). Participants then completed a packet of questionnaires including demographic information, PA level, effortful control, and explicit attitudes. Self

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Zachary Zenko and Panteleimon Ekkekakis

laboratory may employ the Affect Misattribution Procedure in one study ( Antoniewicz & Brand, 2014 ), the pictorial Brief Implicit Association Test in another study ( Antoniewicz & Brand, 2016a ), and the Evaluative Decision Task (EDT) and Single-Target Implicit Association Test in other studies

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George B. Cunningham and Calvin Nite

living in the state. Implicit bias We assessed ImplicitBias through the Implicit Association Test (IAT; Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwartz, 1998 ). As Greenwald, Poehlman, Uhmann, and Banaji ( 2009 ) explained, “The IAT assesses strengths of associations between concepts by observing response latencies in

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Graig M. Chow, Matthew D. Bird, Nicole T. Gabana, Brandon T. Cooper and Martin A. Swanbrow Becker

differences in implicit cognition: The Implicit Association Test (IAT) . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74 ( 6 ), 1464 – 1480 . PubMed ID: 9654756 doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.74.6.1464 Greenwald , A.G. , Nosek , B.A. , & Banaji , M.R. ( 2003 ). Understanding and using the implicit

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Yonghwan Chang

of implicit attitudes toward the endorsed brand assigned in the EC task. The researcher utilized the short version ( Chang & Ko, 2016 ) of the single target-implicit association test (ST-IAT). The implicit measure was programmed and presented by the INQUISIT millisecond online software package