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Véronique Richard, Wayne Halliwell, and Gershon Tenenbaum

The study examined the effect of an improvisation intervention on figure skating performance, self-esteem, creativity, and mindfulness skills. Nine elite figure skaters participated in a 10-session program based on Cirque du Soleil artistic principles. A mixed methodology using questionnaires, competition scores, and interviews was used to test the program effects on these variables. Descriptive statistics revealed small but imperative increases in competition performance, perceived artistic performance, self-esteem, creativity, and mindfulness. Significant (p < .05) effect of time was revealed only for creativity and artistic performance variables. Qualitative data supported these results. Skaters described verbally that movements were performed more freely, attention was better focused on performance, and they overcame shyness. Quantitative and qualitative data are discussed interactively in relation to performance enhancement and personal growth.

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Derrick D. Brown, Jurjen Bosga, and Ruud G.J. Meulenbroek

Movement Improvisation Humans have a seemingly endless capacity for movement variation. Real-world motor behavior necessitates spontaneous adaptation within an ever-changing environment ( Riley & Turvey, 2002 ). Casually using one’s mobile phone while crossing a busy street exemplifies the capacity

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Mary Ann Kluge

This phenomenological study explored the nature and meaning of being physically active from the standpoint of 15 women age 65 and older. The analysis presents a multitextured description of how 15 women maintained a physically active lifestyle for most of their lives. It provides information about why 15 older women value being physically active and how they negotiated a physically active lifestyle throughout their lives. Findings suggest that continuity of a physically active lifestyle was not a luxury these women experienced over the life course. Being physically active was affected by gender socialization, ageist attitudes, and physical challenges. Nonetheless, these long-lived, physically active women hung on to a concept of themselves as physically active; they demonstrated that active is an attitude and moving is a consequence. They have learned to improvise and, now more than ever, have taken control of their lives by being planful about being physically active.

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improvised and applied through trial and error: he assigned trusted senior coaches to mentoring and oversight roles, who established a shared language around the playing and coaching philosophy; he supported various differentiated forms of staff development and training; and he applied creative sanctions

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Daniel Bok, Karim Chamari, and Carl Foster

their skill-based sessions, and endurance athletes lost their modality of training as many were not allowed to use public sporting areas (e.g., swimmers were not allowed to use public pools). Almost instantly athletes turned their homes into gyms and started improvising training activities to maintain

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Laura A. Prieto, Justin A. Haegele, and Luis Columna

experience and benefits of movement improvisation Observations Not specified de Villiers et al. ( 2013 ) 22 Control group ( n  = 11): 15.09 ± 1.22 years; 5 female and 6 male. Dance group ( n  = 11): 15.18 ± 0.98 years; 5 female and 6 male. Control group: CP ( n  = 6), OI ( n  = 1), EPI ( n  = 1), PAR ( n

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Samantha M. Gray, Joan Wharf Higgins, and Ryan E. Rhodes

an environment to support autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Free and improvised dance leaves room for participant autonomy; graded skill and movement sequences plays into competence-building; dancing as a group or in partners and relating to the choreography and music gives relatedness an

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Mateu Busquets-Ferrer, Francisco Tomás González-Fernández, Filipe Manuel Clemente, and Alfonso Castillo-Rodriguez

-up? Six SRs responded that 35 min before to start the match and one SR responded that 25 min before to start the match. Do you have the warm-up trained or do you improvise it? Five SRs responded that they improvise the warm-up and two SRs said that they have a trained warm-up to competitions. What is the

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Bettina Callary and Brian Gearity

improvising where necessary, I learned the importance and meaning of coaches and coach developers “learning by doing”. 2. What would you like the work of coach developers in Paraguay to look like in 5 to 10 years? The term “Coach developer” is very new in Paraguay and there is still no one working in this

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Hans C. Rasmussen

Throughout most of its history, Creole athletes played raquette according to customary unwritten rules, loosely organized into two traditional teams, on improvised playing fields, and receiving only occasional notice by the Anglo-American press—and then usually as a curiosity from the culture of a subject