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Pandemic-Related Life Events and Physical Inactivity During COVID-19 Among Israeli Adults: The Smoking and Lifestyles in Israel Study

Kerem Shuval, Mahmoud Qadan, David Leonard, Carolyn E. Barlow, Jeffrey Drope, Loretta DiPietro, Reid Oetjen, and Laura F. DeFina

Physical inactivity has been estimated to cause 6% to 10% of leading chronic diseases (ie, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, breast and colon cancer) worldwide. 1 The global age standardized prevalence of physical inactivity was 27.5% in 2016, 2 with a median of 4.7 hours a day spent

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The Prevalence and Association Between Social Support and Physical Activity Among the Rural Community-Dwelling Older Women in a Southeast Asian Country

Thaneswaran Marthammuthu, Farizah Mohd Hairi, Wan Yuen Choo, Nur Afiqah Mohd Salleh, and Noran Naqiah Hairi

( Weitlauf et al., 2015 ; World Health Organization, 2020 ). Similarly, the Malaysian National Health and Morbidity Survey revealed low levels of physical activity among older Malaysians. With 48.8% of Malaysians over 60 years old being physically inactive ( Chan et al., 2017 ), it can be said that the

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Physical Activity and Health of Middle-Aged and Older Japanese Across the COVID-19 Pandemic: Differential Outcomes Highlight a Problematic Life Stage

Michael Annear, Tetsuhiro Kidokoro, and Yasuo Shimizu

intensity pursuits (e.g., walking) have been reported as prevailing modes from middle age, accounting for >45% of all reported activity ( Sasakawa Sports Foundation, 2021 ). Challenges associated with high levels of physical inactivity have been potentially exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan due

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Leisure-Time Physical Inactivity’s Association With Environmental, Demographic, and Lifestyle Factors in the United States

Ray M. Merrill

matter (PM) 2.5 air pollution was associated with an increase in leisure-time physical inactivity (LTPI). 16 A nationally representative cross-sectional survey conducted in the United States found that increased PM2.5 was associated with lower physical activity. 17 All studies in a systematic review

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Physical Inactivity, Inequalities, and Disparities Across Districts of Iran: A STEPs Survey-Based Analysis

Amirali Hajebi, Maryam Nasserinejad, Sina Azadnajafabad, Erfan Ghasemi, Negar Rezaei, Moein Yoosefi, Azin Ghamari, Mohammad Keykhaei, Ali Ghanbari, Esmaeil Mohammadi, Mohammad-Mahdi Rashidi, Fateme Gorgani, Mana Moghimi, Alireza Namazi Shabestari, and Farshad Farzadfar

Physical inactivity (PI) is a global health issue and public health priority that has drawn global attention due to its attributable burden. 1 PI is considered as the fourth major cause of death globally. 2 It is identified as one of the major risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs

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Differences in the Postprandial Release of Appetite-Related Hormones Between Active and Inactive Men

Linn Bøhler, Sílvia Ribeiro Coutinho, Jens F. Rehfeld, Linda Morgan, and Catia Martins

previous EI (better energy compensation) seen in active versus inactive individuals remain unknown, differences in postprandial satiety signaling may play a role. However, potential differences in the postprandial release of appetite-related hormones between active and inactive individuals have never been

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Incidence and Predictors of Physical Inactivity Among Malaysian Community-Dwelling Older Persons

Azianah Mohamad Ibrahim, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh, Sumaiyah Mat, Arimi Fitri Mat Ludin, and Suzana Shahar

Physical inactivity is a global pandemic with 1.4 billion adults insufficiently active worldwide ( World Health Organization, 2018 ). It has also been reported to be associated with higher risks of all-cause mortality including that from cardiovascular disease, breast and prostate cancer, fractures

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Physical Inactivity Prevalence in the Islamic World: An Updated Analysis of 47 Countries

David Kahan

estimated to cost Int$14 billion annually in lost productivity 5 and Int$48 billion annually in treatment costs if current levels of physical inactivity remain. 1 Thus, each country should engage in a comprehensive and coordinated evidence-based response to halt or reverse physical inactivity prevalence

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Childhood Depressive Symptoms, Physical Activity and Health Related Fitness

Lois Michaud Tomson, Robert P. Pangrazi, Glenn Friedman, and Ned Hutchison

While research has confirmed a negative relationship between adult depression and physical activity, there is little evidence for children. This study examined the relationship of being classified as physically active or inactive by a parent or a teacher to depressive symptoms in children 8 to 12 years of age (N = 933). It also assessed the relationship of playing sports outside of school, and of meeting health related fitness standards, to symptoms of depression. Relative risk of depressive symptoms for inactive classification was 2.8 to 3.4 times higher than it was for active, 1.3 to 2.4 times higher for children not playing sports outside of school, and 1.5 to 4.0 times higher for those not meeting health related fitness goals.

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The Effect of Reduced Physical Activity and Retraining on Blood Lipids and Body Composition in Young and Older Adult Men

Jesper Nørregaard, Martin Gram, Andreas Vigelsø, Caroline Wiuff, Anja Birk Kuhlman, Jørn Wulff Helge, and Flemming Dela

We studied the effect of physical inactivity and subsequent retraining on cardiovascular risk factors in 17 young (Y; 23.4 ± 0.5 years) and 15 older adult (O; 68.1 ± 1.1 years) men who underwent 14 days of one leg immobilization followed by six weeks of training. Body weight remained unchanged. Daily physical activity decreased by 31 ± 9% (Y) and 37 ± 9% (O) (p < .001). Maximal oxygen uptake decreased with inactivity (Y) and always increased with training. Visceral fat mass decreased (p < .05) with training. Concentrations of lipids in blood were always highest in the older adults. FFA and glycerol increased with reduced activity (p < .05), but reverted with training. Training resulted in increases in HDL-C (p < .05) and a decrease in LDL-C and TC:HDL-C ratio (p < .05). A minor reduction in daily physical activity for two weeks increased blood lipids in both young and older men. Six weeks of training improved blood lipids along with loss of visceral fat.