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Adam S. Lepley and Lindsey K. Lepley

directly interferes with muscle strength recovery as patients are often unable to neurologically engage (eg, fully contact) their muscle during exercise. 6 This diminished ability to fully contract the musculature surrounding an injured joint, termed arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI), is a common

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Yuxin Zhu, Fenghua Sun, Gary C.C. Chow, Sisi Tao, Simon B. Cooper, Borui Zhang, and Thomson W.L. Wong

intervention on EF ( 36 ). A meta-review showed no effect of classroom PA intervention on EF in school-aged children ( 46 ). Inconsistency also exists across multiple measures for the specific domain of EF. For example, several reviews reported a small to moderate effect of PA intervention on inhibition ( 1

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Linda Paschen, Tim Lehmann, Miriam Kehne, and Jochen Baumeister

monitoring of complex, goal-directed processes involved in perception, memory, and action ( 10 , 13 ). The 3 interrelated and interacting core domains of EF are inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility ( 9 , 10 ). In this context, inhibition describes a deliberate suppression of distracting

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Ines Pfeffer and Tilo Strobach

, 2012 ; Miyake et al., 2000 ) systematized the complexity of different situations and processes involving the executive function construct primarily in three domains: inhibition , updating , and shifting . Inhibition is related to deliberate overriding of dominant or prepotent responses, updating

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Nicholas W. Baumgartner, Anne M. Walk, Caitlyn G. Edwards, Alicia R. Covello, Morgan R. Chojnacki, Ginger E. Reeser, Andrew M. Taylor, Hannah D. Holscher, and Naiman A. Khan

encompasses cognitive processes that are thought to drive goal-directed behavior. 17 The core processes thought to comprise cognitive control include attentional inhibition (the ability to resist distractions to maintain focus); working memory (the ability to store, maintain, and manipulate information to be

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Sanne L.C. Veldman, Rachel A. Jones, Rebecca M. Stanley, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart A. Vella, Steven J. Howard, Anne-Maree Parrish, and Anthony D. Okely

(Mr. Ant), inhibition (Go/No-Go), and shifting (Card-Sorting). These measures were designed to be brief (∼5 min) and engaging. In Mr Ant, working memory was assessed by asking the children to remember the spatial locations of an increasing number of stickers placed on a cartoon ant, and then to

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Jane Jie Yu, Chia-Liang Tsai, Chien-Yu Pan, Ru Li, and Cindy Hui-Ping Sit

study found that inhibition was significantly strengthened in young children who had received a PA intervention. 10 As one feature of executive function, inhibition in the attention process is a higher level function to resolve the conflict among visual stimuli and inhibit task-inappropriate responses

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Brian Pietrosimone, Adam S. Lepley, Christopher Kuenze, Matthew S. Harkey, Joseph M. Hart, J. Troy Blackburn, and Grant Norte

of formal rehabilitation. In an effort to improve outcomes following ACLR, substantial research has been conducted to optimize rehabilitation in order to facilitate the safe return to physical activity and prevent posttraumatic osteoarthritis development. Arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI) is an

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JSR Journal of Sport Rehabilitation 1056-6716 1543-3072 1 08 2022 31 6 10.1123/jsr.2022.31.issue-6 Special Section: Arthrogenic Muscle Inhibition Guest Editors: J. Ty Hopkins and Christopher D. Ingersoll EDITORIAL 10.1123/jsr.2022-0200 ORIGINAL RESEARCH 10.1123/jsr.2021-0162 10.1123/jsr.2021

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Grant Norte, Justin Rush, and David Sherman

, there appears to be a “disconnect” between what they want to do and what they can do. This common clinical scenario reflects an underlying neurophysiological phenomenon known as arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI) in which otherwise healthy muscle becomes reflexively inhibited following an injury to