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Rosanna Gilderthorp, Jan Burns, and Fergal Jones

Athletes with intellectual disabilities (ID) were re-included into the London 2012 Paralympics games. There has been much debate surrounding the rules of the Paralympic games, as all participants with ID compete against each other in the same class, ( Burns, 2017 ), despite the vast range of

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Eli Carmeli, Tamar Bar-Yossef, Claudette Ariav, Rosy Paz, Hanna Sabbag, and Ran Levy

Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) show a greater tendency toward deconditioning and having a sedentary lifestyle than their peers without disabilities. The aim of this study was to characterize sensorimotor deficits through coordination tests and during static and dynamic balance. Eight tasks that involved the integration of hand movements with visual information were used here, as well as the Posture Scale Analyzer system to examine postural stability. During static and dynamic standing tests with the eyes closed, the postural stability of people with ID was accompanied by a small sway rate. In the ID group, the frontal plane movements were significantly larger (p > .05) than the sagittal plane movements. The participants with ID showed a significantly lower score than the control group in all the sensorimotor tests. Our observations on balance and coordination capabilities might have significance for understanding the mechanisms underlying movement dysfunction in adults with ID and offer some new approaches for their possible prevention.

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Janet Robertson, Eric Emerson, Susannah Baines, and Chris Hatton

active 5 with sport also having a role in promoting psychological well-being and increasing social capital. Intellectual disability refers to a significant general impairment in intellectual functioning that is acquired during childhood, typically operationalized as scoring more than 2 standard

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Karlee Naumann, Jocelyn Kernot, Gaynor Parfitt, Bethany Gower, and Kade Davison

, no reviews were found which featured people living with an intellectual disability (ID). It is also important to note that only one of the previously mentioned systematic reviews explored psychosocial effects for participants ( Mortimer et al., 2014 ). While seeing physical changes is important for

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Rihab Borji, Firas Zghal, Nidhal Zarrouk, Sonia Sahli, and Haithem Rebai

Involvement in physical exercise is a key strategy in the prevention and the rehabilitation of health problems arising from inactivity in individuals with intellectual disability (ID) ( Robertson et al., 2000 ; Carmeli, Zinger-Vaknin, Morad, & Merrick, 2005 ). Nevertheless, physical activities for

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W. Tolentino-Castro, L. Mochizuki, and H. Wagner

Persons with intellectual disabilities (IDs) present impaired cognitive function, for instance, working memory, verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, and adaptive behavior, which affect age-related motor learning processes and daily social activities ( American Psychiatric Association, 2013

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Iva Obrusnikova, Haley M. Novak, and Albert R. Cavalier

Musculoskeletal fitness is important for adults with intellectual disabilities (IDs) to maintain cardiovascular fitness ( Pitetti & Boneh, 1995 ); daily functional independence ( Oppewal, Hilgenkamp, van Wijck, Schoufour, & Evenhuis, 2014 ); and work task performance ( Shields & Taylor, 2010

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Jian Xu, Poram Choi, Robert W. Motl, and Stamatis Agiovlasitis

Intellectual disability (ID) is a condition characterized by significant limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior ( Schalock, Verdugo, & Gomez, 2011 ). The population prevalence of ID is about 0.05–1.55% ( McKenzie, Milton, Smith, & Ouellette-Kuntz, 2016 ). Adults with ID have

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Ken Pitetti, Ruth Ann Miller, and E. Michael Loovis

overweight and obesity ( Cairney, Hay, Faught, & Hawes, 2005 ). Pitetti, Miller, and Loovis ( 2017 ) recently assessed the gross motor proficiency of male children and adolescents with intellectual disability (ID) but without Down syndrome (DS) in areas of coordination and using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test

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Nathanial J. Kapsal, Theresa Dicke, Alexandre J.S. Morin, Diego Vasconcellos, Christophe Maïano, Jane Lee, and Chris Lonsdale

among the least-active adolescents decrease as they get older. 10 Although this inactivity is concerning, there are groups within this population that are even less physically active than the others. Compared with their typically developing peers, youth with intellectual disabilities (characterized by