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Akira Asada, Yong Jae Ko and Wonseok (Eric) Jang

: relative size and homogeneity. Accordingly, the purpose of the current study was to examine how the relative size and homogeneity of sports fan communities influence people’s perceptions and behavioral intentions at the initial stage of their sport socialization. Theoretical Background and Hypothesis

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Stephanie Alley, Jannique G.Z. van Uffelen, Mitch J. Duncan, Katrien De Cocker, Stephanie Schoeppe, Amanda L. Rebar and Corneel Vandelanotte

modeling from significant others), and perceived behavioral control (confidence to perform the target behavior) influence intentions, which in turn influence behavior ( Ajzen, 1988 ). Interventions based on the theory of planned behavior therefore target attitudes, social norms, perceived behavioral

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Nikos Ntoumanis, Vassilis Barkoukis, Daniel F. Gucciardi and Derwin King Chung Chan

A recent meta-analysis of the psychological literature on doping ( Ntoumanis, Ng, Barkoukis, & Backhouse, 2014 ) showed that researchers have focused primarily on the role of personal variables (e.g., attitudes, beliefs, and perfectionism) in predicting doping intentions and doping use. The

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Thomas E. Hannan, Robyn L. Moffitt, David L. Neumann and Patrick R. Thomas

This study explored whether mental toughness, the capacity to maintain performance under pressure, moderated the relation between physical activity intentions and subsequent behavior. Participants (N = 117) completed the Mental Toughness Index and a theory of planned behavior questionnaire. Seven days later, physical activity was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control explained substantial variance (63.1%) in physical activity intentions. Intentions also significantly predicted physical activity behavior. The simple slopes analyses for the moderation effect revealed a nonsignificant intention–behavior relation at low levels of mental toughness. However, intentions were significantly and positively related to physical activity when mental toughness was moderate or high, suggesting that the development of a mentally tough mindset may reduce the gap between behavior and physical activity intention. Future research is needed to confirm these findings and apply them in the design of mental toughness interventions to facilitate physical activity engagement.

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Galen A. Yordy and Robert W. Lent

This study explored the utility of reasoned action, planned behavior, and social cognitive models in explaining aerobic exercise intentions and behavior. Two hundred eighty-four college students completed measures of each model's central predictor variables, as well as indices of prior exercise frequency and future exercise intentions and behavior. Findings indicate that the reasoned action and social cognitive models are each significantly predictive of future exercise intention and behavior. The planned behavior model did not improve over the theory of reasoned action in predictive analyses. The effects of prior exercise activity on future exercise behavior are also partially mediated by variables from the reasoned action and social cognitive models. Implications for further research on theories of exercise behavior are discussed.

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Hani Kopetschny, David Rowlands, David Popovich and Jasmine Thomson

reliance on anecdotal and lay sources to inform nutrition practices, particularly in higher achieving athletes ( Robins & Hetherington, 2005 ), makes it important to gain an understanding of athletes’ behavioral intentions. This study set out to survey a sample of ironman and half-ironman triathletes about

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Stephanie M. Mazerolle, Christianne M. Eason and Ashley Goodman

it pertains to work-life conflict, 3 , 16 burnout, 17 – 19 satisfaction, 6 , 20 , 21 and retention. 9 , 10 , 22 , 23 Yet, little is known about the personal aspects of career intentions and persistence for the athletic trainer. The intent to remain in one’s profession or organization is often

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Ken R. Lodewyk

the domain, intentions to enroll, grade, and task and ego goal orientation. This study, therefore, explored associations between these outcomes and the HEXACO trait personality dimensions in high school PE. Since students’ volition and learning tend to stem from their goals ( Chen, 2001 ; Chen

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Richard E. Tahtinen and Hafrun Kristjansdottir

at each of these different levels. For example, although a need for help may be identified, this does not necessarily translate into intentions to seek help. Studies have consistently reported that mood and anxiety disorders are more prevalent among females than males ( Nolen-Hoeksema & Girgus, 1994

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Gavin Breslin, Tandy Haughey, Wesley O’Brien, Laura Caulfield, Alexa Robertson and Martin Lawlor

undergraduate athletes (aged over 18) to increase their knowledge of mental health, engagement with those with mental health problems, and intentions to seek help, as well as to improve resilience (ability to bounce back from adversity) and well-being. Three directional hypotheses were assessed: (a