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Alexandra M. Rodriguez, Alison Ede, Leilani Madrigal, Tiffanye Vargas, and Christy Greenleaf

that individuals hold toward the body ( Galli et al., 2016 ). Body image literature has focused on aspects, such as internalization of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance and appearance comparison among able-bodied females and males ( Anixiadis et al., 2019 ; Fatt et al., 2019 ; Fitzsimmons

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Paul Bernard Rukavina

, and exhibiting personal failures ( Rich & Mansfield, 2019 ). Multiple types of stigmatization can trigger a vicious cycle of psychological and emotional damage, internalization of weight-based stigma, maladaptive coping, and additional weight gain ( Rukavina & Li, 2008 ). Unfortunately, these

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Leonardo de Sousa Fortes, Santiago Tavares Paes, Clara Mockede Neves, Juliana Fernandes Filgueiras Meireles, and Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira

The aim of this study was to compare the media-ideal and athletic internalization of gymnasts to track and field sprinters. Eighty-three female track and field sprinters and 50 female gymnasts participated. The subscales of the Sociocultural Attitudes Toward Appearance Questionnaire-3 were used to evaluate the influence of the media on body image. The Body Shape Questionnaire was used to assess body dissatisfaction. The results showed no difference between the groups in media-ideal internalization (p > .05); however, the results indicated differences in athletic internalization (p < .05) and body dissatisfaction (p < .05). We concluded that although media-ideal internalization was similar, gymnasts showed greater athletic internalization.

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Liam Collins and J. Paige Pope

on motives to limit SB (e.g.,  Gaston, De Jesus, Markland, & Prapavessis, 2016 ; Lubans et al., 2013 ). Central to SDT is the idea that an individual’s motives to engage in a behavior exist along a continuum that differs in the degree to which they are self-determined and internalized ( Ryan & Deci

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Katherine E. Hirsch, Irene L. Muir, Krista J. Munroe-Chandler, and Todd M. Loughead

, such as internalizing unrealistic beauty standards and body ideals, perceived pressures by parents, peers, and the media to be thin, as well as weight-related teasing and criticism (e.g.,  Lawler & Nixon, 2011 ). The sport environment poses additional risk factors that contribute to negative body image

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Tatiana Perrino, Ahnalee M. Brincks, Yannine Estrada, Sarah E. Messiah, and Guillermo Prado

drug use, sexual risk behaviors, and internalizing symptoms (ie, depressive and anxiety symptoms) across randomized controlled trials. 21 The intervention’s impact on youth outcomes is mediated through family factors also associated with weight-related outcomes, such as positive family functioning and

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Stephanie L. Barrett and Trent A. Petrie

) and the dual pathway model ( Stice, 2001 ). Consistent with these general ED models and perspectives, Petrie and Greenleaf ( 2007 , 2012 ) conceptualized the effects of these general pressures on ED symptoms as indirect and occurring through a series of psychosocial processes, such as internalization

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Justine Chatterton, Trent A. Petrie, Keke L. Schuler, and Camilo Ruggero

, & Carter, 2008 ). Although body, appearance, and weight pressures are central to understanding male athletes’ risk, they are conceptualized as interacting with other sociocultural factors, such as internalization of societal appearance ideals (i.e., development of cognitive schemas about what represents

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Krystn Orr, Katherine A. Tamminen, Shane N. Sweet, Jennifer R. Tomasone, and Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos

individuals and/or groups such as peers. Satisfaction of the three basic psychological needs can lead to greater internalized motivation and, according to the basic psychological needs theory, enhanced well-being (e.g., Ryan & Deci, 2000 ). Importantly, peer support has the potential to enhance the basic

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Nathan A. Reis, Kent C. Kowalski, Amber D. Mosewich, and Leah J. Ferguson

”  –Constructive reactions to scenario ( Ferguson et al., 2015 ; Leary et al., 2007 ) Attitudes toward gay men Attitudes Toward Gay Men revised subscale ( Herek, 1997 ) of the Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men Scale ( Herek, 1984 ) Shame Shame subscale of the Internalized Shame Scale ( del Rosario & White