awareness of the potential for harm must be paramount. Therefore, expert professional help should be sought before a consensual decision on supplement use is made. Lausanne, Switzerland, 5 May 2017 Endnote This Expert Group Statement presents the conclusions of the International Olympic Committee (IOC
International Olympic Committee Expert Group on Dietary Supplements in Athletes
Adrien Bouchet, Thomas W. Doellman, Michael Troilo and Brian R. Walkup
The effect of sponsorship on the stock market returns of the sponsoring companies has been previously studied, but the internationalizing aspect of sponsorship has been overlooked. We examine returns to shareholders for firms sponsoring international football matches using an event study analysis. We find that there are cumulative abnormal returns to stockholders of sponsoring firms of international matches 10 days after the match and 20 days after the match. This finding is robust across several different event-study methods. We also find this general pattern across different professional football leagues, as well as a positive effect on returns by sponsoring high-profile football clubs. We theorize that the elapsed time until the effect on the stock price is the result of building brand awareness before a shift in the price becomes evident. These findings add nuance to the literature on sponsorship and event studies, which is almost exclusively domestic in character.
Cara Shearer, Hannah R. Goss, Lowri C. Edwards, Richard J. Keegan, Zoe R. Knowles, Lynne M. Boddy, Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers and Lawrence Foweather
definition of physical literacy since she first proposed the concept in 1993 ( Whitehead, 1993 ), often through consensus-seeking exercises within the International Physical Literacy Association (IPLA). For example, in 2010, physical literacy was defined as: “appropriate to each individual’s endowment
Silvia A. González, Joel D. Barnes, Patrick Abi Nader, Dolores Susana Andrade Tenesaca, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Karla I. Galaviz, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Piyawat Katewongsa, Juan López-Taylor, Yang Liu, Bilyana Mileva, Angélica María Ochoa Avilés, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Pairoj Saonuam and Mark S. Tremblay
– 23 This international effort has been consolidated in the creation of a “Global Matrix” of grades, which has compiled and compared grades across physical activity–related indicators for 15, 38, and 49 countries in its first, second, and third versions, respectively. 21 – 23 As the Global Matrix
, alongside athletics and swimming. 1 If this seems like recognition that the International Olympic Committee (IOC) needs gymnastics in its program, such a conclusion is not borne out in reality, as this paper demonstrates. In fact, the power in the relationship between the Federation Internationale de
Sara M. Campbell, Ashley Fallaize and Paul Schempp
Formal Preparation for Coach Developers The International Council for Coaching Excellence ( 2014 ) defines coach developers as those who are, “trained to develop, support and challenge coaches to go on honing and improving their knowledge and skills” (p. 8). As such, coach developers take on one or
Adam Beard, John Ashby, Ryan Chambers, Franck Brocherie and Grégoire P. Millet
performance. 3 Rugby union’s international competitions tend to have small (ie, 1–2 wk) transition periods from national clubs to international games; this can pose problems for coaches and strength and conditioning experts in preparing players adequately. The search for useful methods that are able to
Lawrence W. Fielding, Lori K. Miller and James R. Brown
Case studies form the basis for the development of what business scholars have termed best practices scenarios. The Harlem Globetrotters International (HGI) is one of the most successful sport franchises in history. In this case study, we trace the development of HGI, from its beginnings in 1926 to its acquisition in 1993 by present owner and CEO, Mannie Jackson. We present a situational analysis of HGI from Jackson's perspective at the time of purchase. Next we outline Jackson's vision, objectives, and competitive strategy. We present Jackson's strategic brand management tactics. Next, we present Jackson's interpretation of the success of HGI's strategy and his interpretation of HGI's strengths, weaknesses, threats, and positive outlook. Appendix H presents relevant financial data that can be used to analyze HGI's success and shortcomings. Appendix I presents discussion questions. This case study is intended to be used as a teaching tool.
Patrick Kealy, Yatin Shastri, Francisco Battistini, Tyler Durrell, Jeong Huh and Nola Agha
Bloomberg Sports uses sports analytics to create advanced decision tools for professional teams and fantasy sports users. Their success in both the business and consumer markets stems from vital partnerships with Major League Baseball Advanced Media (MLBAM), Yahoo!, ESPN, and CBSSports. In a period of increased domestic competition, Bloomberg Sports is searching for the most appropriate international growth strategy. This expansion effort recently was aided by a new joint venture with IMG. By analyzing the market, industry, competitors, and products, important decisions can be made to help Bloomberg Sports expand and grow.
DIGEST VOLUME 7, ISSUE #1
‘Everyone Gets a Kick’: Coach Characteristics and Approaches to Inclusion in an Australian Rules Football Program for Children May, T., Sivaratnam, C., Williams, K., McGillivray, J., Whitehouse, A., & Rinehart, N. (2019). International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 14 (5), 607–616. doi: 10