performance in the practice environment, and it was decided to use the interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) approach as developed by Smith ( 2016 ) and Smith, Flowers, and Larkin, ( 2013 ). This study focused on participants’ perceptions of experiences and their meaning, which could draw out the
An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of Coach Perceptions in the Practice Environment
Steve M. Smith, Stewart T. Cotterill, and Hazel Brown
Lived Experiences of an Elite Performance Management Team Through Injury Rehabilitation: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
Courtney W. Hess and Barbara B. Meyer
Winter Games (OWG). Method Design Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) 33 was used to capture the lived experiences of the PMT. Consistent with the goals of qualitative inquiry, authors were most interested in the individual experiences and meaning that participants made of their experiences
“I Kinda Feel Like Wonder Woman”: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of Pole Fitness and Positive Body Image
Ariel J. Dimler, Kimberley McFadden, and Tara-Leigh F. McHugh
as a result of “lifelong learning and gendered socialization” (p. 273). The aforementioned studies demonstrate how phenomenological approaches can be used to better understand women’s experiences of their bodies, specifically within the context of fitness. An interpretative phenomenological analysis
Exploring the Nature of Counterfactual Thinking and Their Perceived Consequences in an Elite Sporting Context: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
Jack A. G. Marlow and Mark Uphill
This study explored the characteristics, contextual factors and consequences of counterfactual thoughts in seven elite athletes using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Counterfactuals were experienced regularly with self-directed and upward counterfactuals (cognitions about how things could be better) being most frequent. These upward counterfactuals typically occurred following performance that was below participants’ goals and expectations. These thoughts were perceived by participants to have a negative affect initially, and that they then led to facilitative behavioral consequences around learning and development. Some elements of counterfactual thinking could be used as a useful reflective tool to encourage elite athletes to problem solve and motivate cognitive, emotional and behavioral change to enhance future performance.
An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of Black Women Diversity and Inclusion Leaders in Sport Organizations
Ajhanai C.I. Keaton
commentary. Data Analysis Smith ( 1996 ) proposed interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) as a data analysis procedure based largely on Heidegger’s philosophical stance of phenomenology being interpretative, rather than descriptive ( Alase, 2017 ; Gill, 2014 ; Hopkins et al., 2017 ; Tuffour, 2017
“It’s Hard When People Try and Get Their Kids Away From Cole”: A Family’s Experiences of (In)dignity in Leisure Settings
Kassi A. Boyd and Donna L. Goodwin
and participant interactions ( Guba & Lincoln, 1994 ; Markula & Silk, 2011 ). Consistent with an interpretivist research paradigm, an interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) case study research approach was employed to gain an in-depth understanding of the family’s experiences of dignity
Transitioning Out of Professional Sport: The Psychosocial Impact of Career-Ending Non-Musculoskeletal Injuries Among Male Cricketers From England and Wales
Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Kelsey DeGrave, Stephen Pack, and Brian Hemmings
Participants Consistent with Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA; Smith, 1996 ), using a personal contact, a snowball sampling method was used to approach professional male cricketers from England and Wales who had encountered a career-ending injury. The participants had substantial experiences of
Transitioning Out of Professional Sport: The Psychosocial Impact of Career-Ending Injuries Among Elite Irish Rugby Football Union Players
Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Diarmuid Hurley, and Montse C. Ruiz
This study documented the lived career-ending injury experiences among elite Irish rugby football union (IRFU) players. Three players took part in semistructured one-on-one interviews. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (Smith, 1996) revealed that the process of psychosocial injury rehabilitation and the subsequent transition process was for the most part a distressing one and evolved in a cyclical, yet stage-like (Heil, 1994), manner. The nature of the postinjury career transition appeared to be dependent on the interactional balance of participants’ psychosocial responses to injury, existing coping mechanisms, and other factors related to the injury and career transition process. Appropriate social support network, use of sport medicine and counseling professionals, as well as organizational officials are needed to best prepare elite rugby players for life outside of sport, and to ensure a healthy career transition (Taylor & Ogilvie, 1994) out of sport.
The Development of Social Relationships, Social Support, and Posttraumatic Growth in a Dragon Boating Team for Breast Cancer Survivors
Meghan H. McDonough, Catherine M. Sabiston, and Sarah Ullrich-French
Physical activity experiences may contribute to psychological and social wellbeing among breast cancer survivors. The main purpose of the current study was to qualitatively explore the development of social relationships, social support, and posttraumatic growth among breast cancer survivors participating in a dragon boat program over 19 months. Guided by interpretative phenomenological analysis (Smith, Flowers, & Larkin, 2009), semistructured interviews were conducted with 17 breast cancer survivors on five occasions over their first two seasons of dragon boating. Narrative accounts were developed for each participant, and four profiles emerged describing processes of social and posttraumatic growth development over time: “developing a feisty spirit of survivorship,” “I don’t want it to be just about me,” “it’s not about the pink it’s about the paddling,” and “hard to get close.” Profiles were discussed in terms of developing social relationships and support, providing support to others, physicality and athleticism, and negative interactions and experiences.
“Coveting Thy Neighbour’s Legs”: A Qualitative Study of Exercisers’ Experiences of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Goal Pursuit
Simon J. Sebire, Martyn Standage, Fiona B. Gillison, and Maarten Vansteenkiste
Goals are central to exercise motivation, although not all goals (e.g., health vs. appearance goals) are equally psychologically or behaviorally adaptive. Within goal content theory (Vansteenkiste, Niemiec, & Soenens, 2010), goals are adaptive to the extent to which they satisfy psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. However, little is known about what exercisers pursuing different goals are feeling, doing, thinking, and paying attention to that may help to explain the association between goal contents and need satisfaction. Using semistructured interviews and interpretative phenomenological analysis, we explored experiences of exercise among 11 adult exercisers who reported pursuing either predominantly intrinsic or extrinsic goals. Four themes emerged: (a) observation of others and resulting emotions, (b) goal expectations and time perspective, (c) markers of progress and (d) reactions to (lack of) goal achievement. Intrinsic and extrinsic goal pursuers reported divergent experiences within these four domains. The findings illuminate potential mechanisms by which different goals may influence psychological and behavioral outcomes in the exercise context.