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Vikki Krane, Emma Calow, and Brandy Panunti

World Athletics policy narrowly defines female athletes, creating contested bodies in elite sport. Framed by feminist cultural studies and transfeminism, we discuss the eligibility rules and their real-life impact. Women with naturally elevated endogenous testosterone (hyperandrogenism) are being treated as if they are cheating. That high testosterone in female bodies has been deemed an unfair competitive advantage is consistent with dominant cultural narratives rather than the research about testosterone and sport performance. Applying an intersectional lens, it becomes clear that race, region, class, and nation intersect so that women athletes from the Global South are disproportionately affected by the eligibility regulations. This creation of contested bodies has led to critical mental and physical health outcomes. Cherry-picking one biological component of a body as the cause of exceptional performance in elite sport is irresponsible. Instead, we need education, compassion, and to follow sound science grounded in moral and ethical research.

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Heather Sykes

This article examines developments in gender policies in sport in relation to recent changes in transsexual rights legislation and gender identity activism. The Gay Games has developed a gender identity policy about “men, women, transgender and intersex” athletes. In 2004, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) introduced the Stockholm Consensus on sex reassignment surgery to allow “transsexual” athletes to compete at the Olympics. These developments do not indicate an overall increase in the acceptance of gender variance in the world of sport; rather, there has been ongoing resistance to inclusive gender policies in mainstream sport organizations. I argue this resistance is based on anxieties about the instability of the male/female gender binary and the emergence of queer gender subjectivities within women’s, gay, and mainstream sporting communities.

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Andrea Stracciolini, Caitlin M. McCracken, William P. Meehan III, and Matthew D. Milewski

to the commencement of the IPE. Data Source/Questionnaire The electronic questionnaire is an inherent component of the IPE that documents age, sex (male or female, we did not ask about nonbinary or intersex athletes) sports participation, previous injury history, training regimen, dietary intake, and

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Gillian Renfree

sex-segregated system of sport grew, which discriminates against cisgender, transgender and intersex athletes. This work examines sport’s origins as a sex-segregated institution and this segregation’s impact. The sociohistorical context of sport and sex- testing is laid out, as well as issues with the

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R. Scott Kretchmar and Cesar R. Torres

.1080/00948705.1999.9714577 . 10.1080/00948705.1999.9714577 Russell , J.S. ( 2007 ). Broad internalism and the moral foundation of sport . In W.J. Morgan (Ed.), Ethics in Sport ( 2nd ed. , pp.  51 – 66 ). Human Kinetics . Sailors , P. ( 2020 ). Transgender and intersex athletes and the women’s category in sport

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Mallory Mann and Vikki Krane

events and teachable moments: Creating dialog about transgender and intersex athletes . Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, 83 ( 4 ), 38 – 42 . 10.1080/07303084.2012.10598761 Krane , V. , Ross , S.R. , Miller , M. , Rowse , J.L. , Ganoe , K. , Andrzejczyk , J

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Julie E. Brice

exploration of the gendered binary within sport and intersex athletes, Linghede ( 2018 ) described diffractive analysis as a “process of ‘reading-the-data-while-thinking-the-theory’” where researchers “plug in multiple texts and concepts into data and read them through one another” (p. 574). Recognizing the

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Chris Knoester, Rachel Allison, and Victoria T. Fields

for athletes with varied sex characteristics (e.g., intersex athletes), the need for sex testing in sports, and whether gender segregation in youth sports is a problem with public opinion patterned by social structural locations. In particular, men (Hypothesis [H]1a), heterosexual adults (H1b), older