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Bassam A. Nabil, Mariam A. Ameer, Azza M. Abdelmohsen, Abeer F. Hanafy, Ahmed S. Yamani, Naglaa M. Elhafez and Salam M. Elhafez

posterior rotator cuff muscles and scapular strengthening. 10 – 13 Isokinetic testing is an important part of the assessment of upper limb muscular strength. Researchers have demonstrated its effect in training and provided clinically relevant information regarding muscular performance through the

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Caroline Lisee, Lindsay Slater, Jay Hertel and Joe M. Hart

population-specific normative values of these tasks to help further improve the return-to-play decision process. Strength of the quadriceps and hamstring muscle groups are consistently tested through isokinetic and isometric tasks at varying speeds and joint positions. 4 , 12 , 13 Functional performance is

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Grant E. Norte, Jay N. Hertel, Susan A. Saliba, David R. Diduch and Joseph M. Hart

-R may contribute to inconsistent reporting of standardized tests or test batteries. 1 , 3 Assessment of physical function and health status for individuals with ACL-R is complex and warrants the use of diverse evaluation strategies. Multimodal assessments of peripheral muscle function (eg, isokinetic

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Reza Heydari Armaki, Keramatollah Abbasnia and Alireza Motealleh

validated Persian version of knee Functional Index Questionnaire. 20 – 22 A 10-cm visual analog scale was used to measure knee pain. The visual analog scale is a valid and reliable tool to determine the level of pain in PFP. 23 A Biodex isokinetic dynamometer (Biodex system 4 Pro ™ ; Biodex Medical

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Barıs Seven, Gamze Cobanoglu, Deran Oskay and Nevin Atalay-Guzel

assessment and accurate measurement is not possible. Another frequently used evaluation method is with a hand-held dynamometer. However, some specialties of raters such as gender, body weight, and grip strength affect a rater’s reliability in obtaining torque measurements. 6 Isokinetic dynamometers are

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José Messias Rodrigues da Silva, Marcia Uchoa de Rezende, Tânia Carvalho Spada, Lucila da Silva Francisco, Helenilson Pereira dos Santos, Robson de Andrade Souza, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve and Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac

, male; N, number of patients; R, right; SED–SED, sedentary to sedentary; SED–ACT, sedentary to active. Weight and height to calculate body mass index (BMI), muscular capacity (isokinetic test), functional capacity (sit to stand, timed up and down stairs test, and time up and go tests), 9 and daily

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Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Miriam González-Izal, Rafael Grazioli, Igor Setuain, Ronei Silveira Pinto and Mikel Izquierdo

fatigue induced by concentric and eccentric exercises have been minimally investigated. Because sports injuries often occur at higher fatigue conditions 1 , 2 and isokinetic strength training is one of the most common interventions applied in sports environment to improve neuromuscular performance and

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Matthew D. Watson, George J. Davies and Bryan L. Riemann

SSASP performance and isokinetic pushing forces at varying velocities 5 directly supports the idea that the SSASP reflects multijoint UE strength. Simultaneous shoulder flexion and elbow extension are utilized within both SSASP and isokinetic push testing techniques. No previous work appears to have

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Bryan L. Riemann and George J. Davies

normalization methods, 3 and underlying projection mechanics. 1 Although the test is believed to reflect test limb strength, 1 there have been no assessments determining whether test performance is directly associated with UE strength. Isokinetics is the gold standard for assessing muscular strength in

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Robson Dias Scoz, Cesar F. Amorim, Bruno O.A. Mazziotti, Rubens A. Da Silva, Edgar R. Vieira, Alexandre D. Lopes and Ronaldo E.C.D. Gabriel

injuries may be candidates to a nonsurgical treatment or even the advantages of a partial surgical reconstruction. 7 Used for many years for evaluation and muscle training, the isokinetic dynamometer is specialized equipment that accurately assesses muscular strength across different body segments. The