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Chia-Yuan Yu, Ayoung Woo, Christopher Hawkins and Sara Iman

examining the impact of residential segregation on health has overlooked the complexity of residential segregation and focused only on limited perspectives, such as dissimilarity and isolation indices. 5 Although some work has provided conceptual justifications for selecting certain segregation indices

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K. Andrew R. Richards, Karen Lux Gaudreault and Amelia Mays Woods

marginalization is the fact that many physical education teachers’ feel as though they are physically and intellectually isolated from their peers ( Curtner-Smith, 2001 ; Stroot & Ko, 2006 ). While all teachers spend most of their days interacting with children and may feel some degree of isolation ( Lortie

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Lauren M. Robins, Ted Brown, Aislinn F. Lalor, Rene Stolwyk, Fiona McDermott and Terry Haines

Social isolation is a considerable problem confronting the health of older adults. Socially isolated older adults, for example are at a greater risk of poor mental and physical health and are more likely to experience cardiovascular disease, cognitive deterioration, depression and mortality than

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Gareth Ryan, Heather Johnston and Janice Moreside

axillary region when performing ER for a variety of reasons, including increased rotator cuff perfusion and infraspinatus isolation 5 , 8 , 11 ; however, there is little evidence supporting increased infraspinatus isolation. In a clinical commentary, Kolber et al 4 advocated for this technique, however

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Florian Herbolsheimer, Stephanie Mosler, Richard Peter and the ActiFE Ulm Study Group

determinants of mortality showed that the effects of social isolation were comparable with those of smoking and even exceed other well-known risk factors for mortality ( Holt-Lunstad, Smith, & Layton, 2010 ). Physical activity might be one factor that mediates the relationship between social isolation and

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Jean L. McCrory, David R. Lemmon, H. Joseph Sommer, Brian Prout, Damon Smith, Deborah W. Korth, Javier Lucero, Michael Greenisen, Jim Moore, Inessa Kozlovskaya, Igor Pestov, Victor Stepansov, Yevgeny Miyakinchenko and Peter R. Cavanagh

A treadmill with vibration isolation and stabilization designed for the International Space Station (ISS) was evaluated during Shuttle mission STS-81. Three crew members ran and walked on the device, which floats freely in zero gravity. For the majority of the more than 2 hours of locomotion studied, the treadmill showed peak to peak Linear and angular displacements of less than 2.5 cm and 2.5°, respectively. Vibration transmitted to the vehicle was within the microgravity allocation limits that are defined for the ISS. Refinements to the treadmill and harness system are discussed. This approach to treadmill design offers the possibility of generating 1G-like loads on the lower extremities while preserving the microgravity environment of the ISS for structural safety and vibration free experimental conditions.

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Eric L. Sauers

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Rafael Squillantini, Brielle Ringle and Julie Cavallario

, and pivot shift test were 71%, 82%, 94%, and 78%, respectively. Clustering the lever sign test parallel with the other three tests resulted in the highest accuracy of 91%. Level of Evidence 2b 2b 2 STARD Score 24 25 22 Support for the Answer The lever sign test, in isolation, does not accurately