The Assessment of Daily Activity Performance (ADAP) test has been developed to measure the physical capacity of older adults to carry out instrumental activities of daily living (ADL). The present study explores the option to create a less time-consuming short version of the ADAP that can be completed in the individual’s home environment and that imposes less of a physical burden. Data from 141 independently living women aged 70 and older were analyzed using principal components analysis (PCA). PCA identified two factors, on which 10 of the original 21 items had loaded sufficiently to be eligible for inclusion in a short version. The ADAP short version is considerably shorter than the original test and provides a good representation of the constructs being measured. More research is necessary to develop a short version of the ADAP that is easily applicable in the home environment of older adults.
Erwin Huiszoon, Paul L. de Vreede, Inge Bramsen, Chris H.Z. Kuiper and Harald S. Miedema
Matthew C. Hoch, Johanna M. Hoch and Megan N. Houston
The study objective was to develop a shortened version of the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) for individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Forty individuals with CAI completed the FAAM Activities of Daily Living and Sport subscales and the Short Form-12. Analyses were completed for item reduction followed by dimensionality, coverage redundancy, and internal consistency of a reduced-item instrument. Validity was examined through correlations with the original FAAM and Short Form-12. A 12-item FAAM was created which demonstrated strong internal consistency and convergent/divergent validity. The Quick-FAAM may provide an alternative patient-reported outcome for CAI which requires less administration time.
David M. Williams, Jyoti Savla, Brenda M. Davy, Sarah A. Kelleher, Elaina L. Marinik and Richard A. Winett
The purpose of the present research was to develop questionnaires to assess outcome expectancy for resistance training (RT), behavioral expectation in the context of perceived barriers to RT, and self-regulation strategies for RT among young-old adults (50-69 years). Measurement development included (a) item generation through elicitation interviews (N = 14) and open-ended questionnaires (N = 56), (b) expert feedback on a preliminary draft of the questionnaires (N = 4), and (c) a quantitative longitudinal study for item-reduction and psychometric analyses (N = 94). Elicitation procedures, expert feedback, and item reduction yielded four questionnaires with a total of 33 items. Positive outcome expectancy (α = .809), negative outcome expectancy (α = .729), behavioral expectation (α = .925), and self-regulation (α = .761) had—with one exception—moderate bivariate associations with two different indicators of self-reported RT behavior at one-month follow-up (r = .298 to .506). The present research provides preliminary support for newly developed questionnaires to facilitate understanding of the psychosocial determinants of RT among young-old adults.
Corbin A. Hedt, S. Brett Holland, Bradley S. Lambert, Joshua D. Harris and Patrick C. McCulloch
relevant to overhead throwers undergoing rehabilitation; (3) identification of measures of physical therapist experience; (4) item generation; (5) item reduction; (6) instrument pretesting (10 physical therapists); (7) item weighting; and (8) instrument administration. The final questionnaire included
Paul M. Wright, K. Andrew R. Richards, Jennifer M. Jacobs and Michael A. Hemphill
often significant in EFA models ( Brown, 2006 ). In examining the pattern matrix, some variables failed to load significantly (factor loading <.32) or loaded on the incorrect factor, and there were significant cross-loadings. Item reduction was thus deemed necessary to identify a more stable factor
Natalie M. Golaszewski and John B. Bartholomew
; Cohen et al., 2000b ; House, 1981 ) through a 20-item (four items per form) Likert-type scale. The EFA extraction methods indicated a five-factor model. Item-reduction methods were used to examine communalities and pattern coefficients, to finalize a five-factor, 20-item scale. CFA was used for the