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Developmental Progression and Sex Differences in Agility During Continuous Two-Footed Jumping Among Children Aged 4–16 Years

Ayane Muro, Nozomi Takatoku, Chiaki Ohtaka, Motoko Fujiwara, and Hiroki Nakata

typically classified as object control (e.g., throwing, catching, and dribbling) and locomotor skills (e.g., running, jumping, and hopping; Logan et al., 2012 ). FMS in children are also investigated by exploring the developmental progression and sex differences in order to understand the mechanisms of

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Experimental Vertical Jump Model Used to Evaluate the Pivot Location in Klap Speed Skates

Todd L. Allinger and Robert W. Motl

This study used a vertical jump model to simulate the push-off phase for a skater using klap speed skates and evaluated die effects of pivot location and shoe base flexion on energy production. Boards of different lengths and one board with a hinge under the metatarsal heads were attached to the running shoes of volunteers. Six skaters performed 3 maximal effort vertical jumps across 5 different base conditions: running shoe, board that hinged under metatarsal heads, and rigid boards that pivoted with the ground al -25 mm (typical pivot location for klapskales), 0 mm, and +25 mm from the toes. There were no significant differences in total energy at take-off among the 3 rigid base conditions, but there were differences in potential and kinetic energy production. The total and kinetic energy produced at take-off was 9% greater in the hinged base condition than the corresponding rigid base condition. If differences in energy measures from the vertical jump reflect those for skating, a hinged boot base could increase skating speeds by about 3% over the current klap-skales, which have a rigid boot base.

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Measurement of Pelvic Motion Is a Prerequisite for Accurate Estimation of Hip Joint Work in Maximum Height Squat Jumping

Yoann Blache, Maarten Bobbert, Sebastien Argaud, Benoit Pairot de Fontenay, and Karine M. Monteil

In experiments investigating vertical squat jumping, the HAT segment is typically defined as a line drawn from the hip to some point proximally on the upper body (eg, the neck, the acromion), and the hip joint as the angle between this line and the upper legs (θUL-HAT). In reality, the hip joint is the angle between the pelvis and the upper legs (θUL-pelvis). This study aimed to estimate to what extent hip joint definition affects hip joint work in maximal squat jumping. Moreover, the initial pelvic tilt was manipulated to maximize the difference in hip joint work as a function of hip joint definition. Twenty-two male athletes performed maximum effort squat jumps in three different initial pelvic tilt conditions: backward (pelvisB), neutral (pelvisN), and forward (pelvisF). Hip joint work was calculated by integrating the hip net joint torque with respect to θUL-HAT (WUL-HAT) or with respect to θUL-pelvis (WUL-pelvis). θUL-HAT was greater than θUL-pelvis in all conditions. WUL-HAT overestimated WUL-pelvis by 33%, 39%, and 49% in conditions pelvisF, pelvisN, and pelvisB, respectively. It was concluded that θUL-pelvis should be measured when the mechanical output of hip extensor muscles is estimated.

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Sports Criminology: A Critical Criminology of Sports and Games

Deborah Jump

such as Anderson’s ( 2011 ) “inclusive masculinities” theory would have been welcomed. Indeed, an interrogation of work by Jump ( 2017 ) and Matthews and Channon ( 2017 ) into violence, sport, and praxis was also missing. To surmise, Groombridge suggests that: “sport is not a thing in itself that can

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Season Phase Comparison of Training and Game Volume in Female High School Volleyball Athletes

Mario Muñoz and Jennifer A. Bunn

The ability to jump vertically is an important characteristic of performance in the sport of volleyball ( Berriel et al., 2021 ; Bunn et al., 2020 ; Taylor et al., 2019 ). Jumping is not only one of the most repeated skills during a volleyball match, but it has also been associated with team

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Effects of Three-Day Serial Sodium Bicarbonate Loading on Performance and Physiological Parameters During a Simulated Basketball Test in Female University Players

Anne Delextrat, Sinead Mackessy, Luis Arceo-Rendon, Aaron Scanlan, Roger Ramsbottom, and Julio Calleja-Gonzalez

− recently reported in the literature ( Gough et al., 2017 ; McNaughton et al., 2016 ; Sparks et al., 2017 ). Within this context, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 3-day serial NaHCO 3 ingestion on repeated sprint and jump ability and physiological parameters during a simulated

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Unilateral Elbow Flexion and Leg Press Training Induce Cross–Education But Not Global Training Gains in Children

Aymen Ben Othman, Mehdi Chaouachi, Issam Makhlouf, Jonathan P. Farthing, Urs Granacher, David G. Behm, and Anis Chaouachi

) and lower (LP, knee extensors [KE] and flexors isometric strength, and countermovement jump [CMJ] [power]) limbs. The global training effects were extensive with significant strength improvements with the untrained muscles that were typically within 10% of the increases of the trained muscles from

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Low Doses of Caffeine: Enhancement of Physical Performance in Elite Adolescent Male Soccer Players

Matthew Ellis, Mark Noon, Tony Myers, and Neil Clarke

·kg −1 has been reported to increase jump height, 15-m sprint time, and repeated sprint ability in soccer players. 12 , 13 Approximately 2.6 mg·kg −1 of caffeinated gum has also demonstrated an increase in the distance covered during the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1). 14 Thus

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Energy Absorption Contribution Deficits in Participants Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Implications for Second Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

Trevor Kovacs, Joseph Hannon, Sharon Wang-Price, Shiho Goto, Jim Bothwell, Steve Singleton, Lindsey Dietrich, J. Craig Garrison, and Jack Malafronte

-extremity muscles) compared with those without reinjury. 6 This finding suggests that a more challenging task other than walking, such as jumping or hopping, may be more appropriate to uncover the deficit and to allow clinicians to make an objective informed decision of RTS for these athletes. Furthermore, an

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Utility of an Isometric Midthigh Pull Test to Assess Lower Body Muscular Strength in Professional Netball Players

Luke Hogarth, Mark McKean, Max McKenzie, and Tyler Collings

take 1.5 steps with the ball, promoting rapid passing and player movement. Activity profiles are characterized by repeated high-intensity accelerations, change of direction (COD) efforts, and vertical and horizontal jumping to maintain or gain possession of the ball. 1 , 2 , 7 The players are limited