This study examined the extent to which improved collaboration between sport scientists and coaches of high performance athletes might improve knowledge transfer in sport. The research includes a review of the extant literature on collaboration to develop a model of successful collaborative practice. The model is then empirically tested to determine whether such a model can improve our knowledge of the mechanisms for effective knowledge transfer in sport. To accomplish our purpose, we interviewed 38 high performance coaches employed in a variety of university settings and from a variety of sports to determine the factors that inhibit and facilitate, knowledge transfer. The model was used to guide the data analysis. The results showed that 14 of the coaches interviewed were involved in collaborative relationships with sport scientists and the factors in the model did help to explain why some coaches collaborate while other coaches may not. Factors such as different types of motivation, the personal characteristics of the coach and the structural characteristics within which the coach operates seemed to influence the extent of the collaboration between the sport scientist and the coach and ultimately the effective transfer of sport science knowledge. Sport organizations can apply these findings to improve the effectiveness of knowledge transfer to coaches of high performance athletes.
Dana L. Ellis, Milena M. Parent and Benoit Seguin
This article examines how Olympic ambush marketing stakeholder power and transfer of sponsorship, as well as ambush marketing knowledge, have influenced institutional processes leading to the institutionalization of antiambush legislation over the years. Using a qualitative case study design and network analysis, findings show the International Olympic Committee and Organizing Committees for the Olympic Games demonstrate the greatest stakeholder influence within the Olympic ambush marketing network. The power and influence resulting from the structure of Olympic ambush marketing networks was argued to impact the institutional processes of objectification and sedimentation. Various knowledge transfer tools, as well as challenges and issues faced in this area, seem to act as moderators for the relationship between network structures and the process of institutionalization.
Lea-Cathrin Dohme, Alexandra J. Rankin-Wright and Sergio Lara-Bercial
Research investigating coach education and development has grown significantly over the past three decades. Most of these efforts have focused on establishing how coaches learn; yet the actual impact of specific coach education and development interventions has received considerably less attention. Moreover, the role of coach developers in facilitating this impact remains largely unknown. To address this knowledge gap, this study used a realist evaluation approach to engage in a detailed exploration of a large-scale, multi-annual coach education and development intervention with high school coaches in the Philippines. Using interviews and focus groups at two different time points with multiple stakeholders, this study established a series of context, mechanism and outcome configurations that provide a nuanced perspective on how coach education and development works. More specifically, this paper offers a novel interpretation of the role of coach developers as ‘motivators for lifelong learning’ established through three key mechanisms: 1) being available, approachable, and supportive; 2) creating a sense of belonging; and 3) raising coaches’ aspirations by increasing their sense of purpose and duty. Practical guidelines for the education of coach developers, as well as future coach education and development programmes are provided.
Amy Waters, Elissa Phillips, Derek Panchuk and Andrew Dawson
. ). London, UK : Sage . Reade , I. , Rodgers , W. , & Hall , N.D. ( 2009 ). Knowledge transfer: How do high performance coaches access the knowledge of sport scientists? International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 3 ( 3 ), 319 – 334 . doi:10.1260/174795408786238470 10
Daryl Marchant and Patrick McLaughlin
Innovative strategies were used to inform coaching practices regarding the skill of set-shot goal kicking in Australian Football (AF). An action learning approach was adopted including planning, data gathering, analyses and dissemination phases. Three distinct approaches were used to inform AF coaches of evidence and strategies to guide implementation, a) applying statistical trend data, b) applying expert knowledge, and c) applying biomechanical principles. Trend data from a full AFL season consisting of over 4,000 set-shots was used to inform coaches on numerous performance related parameters (e.g., distance, angle). Expert insider perspectives were generated through in-depth interviews with eight retired AF goal kicking champions. The past players had all kicked over 500 goals at the elite level and four had obtained AFL Hall of Fame or AFL Legend status. The related analyses produced six primary themes (a) correct technique (b) incorrect technique, (c) pre-kick routine, (d) mental skills (e) challenges/choices and (h) training. Third, biomechanical principles were applied to set-shot kicking with accompanying images and drills provided to coaches. A two year follow-up indicated the results were highly transferable to training and competitions. Coaches in sports that include closed skills may benefit from transferring where applicable these strategies to their sports.
Diane M. Culver, Erin Kraft, Cari Din and Isabelle Cayer
project together. In addition to selecting activities based on the sport leaders’ needs, the activity content was guided by the three main project outcomes: gender equity, leadership development, and knowledge transfer. In April 2018 the CoP reconvened in person and worked on practical skill development
.1123/ijspp.2017-0422 28714760 10.1123/ijspp.2017-0422 4. Reade I , Rodgers W , Spriggs K . New ideas for high performance coaches: a case study of knowledge transfer in sport science . Int J Sports Sci Coach . 2008 ; 3 ( 3 ): 335 – 354 . doi:10.1260/174795408786238533 10.1260/174795408786238533 5
Jeffrey B. Driban and R. Mark Laursen
-2018-100078 30368443 10.1136/bjsports-2018-100078 2. Verhagen E , Voogt N , Bruinsma A , Finch CF . A knowledge transfer scheme to bridge the gap between science and practice: an integration of existing research frameworks into a tool for practice . Br J Sports Med . 2014 ; 48 ( 8 ): 698
Anna Gerke and Yan Dalla Pria
; Glass & Hayward, 2001 ). Nevertheless, few articles have specifically addressed coordination issues (e.g., coordination of knowledge transfer). One of the exceptions is the research on motor sport clusters that investigates knowledge generation and transfer as the key success factors of cluster members
Pak-Kwong Chung and Ka-Man Leung
by examining the shorter eight-item PACES version for this age group ( Motl et al., 2001 ). Acknowledgments The authors acknowledge the funding support from the Knowledge Transfer Office of Hong Kong Baptist University and participating elderly centers. The author(s) received support from the