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Fiona Iredale, Frank Bell, and Myra Nimmo

Fourteen sedentary 50- to 55-year-old men were exercised to exhaustion using an incremental treadmill protocol. Mean (±SEM) peak oxygen uptake (V̇O2peak) was 40.5 ± 1.19 ml · kg1 · min−1, and maximum heart rate was 161 ± 4 beats · min−1. Blood lactate concentration was measured regularly to identify the lactate threshold (oxygen consumption at which blood lactate concentration begins to systematically increase). Threshold occurred at 84 ± 2% of V̇O2peak. The absolute lactate value at threshold was 2.9 ± 0.2 mmol · L−1. On a separate occasion, 6 subjects exercised continuously just below their individual lactate thresholds for 25 min without significantly raising their blood lactate levels from the 10th minute to the 25th. The absolute blood lactate level over the last 20 min of the steady-state test averaged 3.7 ± 1.2 mmol · L−1. This value is higher than that elicited at the threshold in the incremental test because of the differing nature of the protocols. It was concluded that although the lactate threshold occurs at a high percentage of V̇O2peak, subjects are still able to sustain exercise at that intensity for 25 min.

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Thiago Ferreira Dias Kanthack, Aymeric Guillot, Ismael Simon, and Franck Di Rienzo

Andreato et al, 3 BJJ involves an explosive/static effort duration ratio of ~1:6. There is a general consensus that BJJ combats emphasize glycolytic pathways to supply energy demands. Blood lactate concentrations ranging from 11 to 14 mmol·L −1 are usually reported after combats. 4 – 7 Henceforth, the

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Martin Buchheit, Ben M. Simpson, and Mathieu Lacome

, typically ranging from 8 to 16/18 km/h) for threshold assessment may be required for an improved examination. 9 However, as multistage incremental test with repeated blood lactate ([La − ] b ) samplings is time-consuming (likely 1 player at a time, 30 min/player, >10 h to test a full team) and expensive

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Ralph Beneke, Tobias G.J. Weber, and Renate M. Leithäuser

It is well known that cycling cadences in terms of pedal revolutions per minute (rpm) affect metabolic responses over a wide range of given exercise intensities. 1 – 4 At low exercise intensities, blood lactate concentration (BLC) and respiratory measures are higher at high than at low rpm. As

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Woo-Hwi Yang, Jeong-Hyun Park, Yun-Cheol Shin, and Jun Kim

, submaximal effort, such as those seen with the small bouncing movements, as well as recovery, depend on high use of the aerobic energy system. 1 , 3 , 4 Previous studies have attempted to investigate physiological responses using parameters such as peak oxygen consumption (VO 2 peak), peak blood lactate

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Pitre C. Bourdon, Sarah M. Woolford, and Jonathan D. Buckley

Prescribing training loads for endurance athletes often incorporates the measurement of the blood lactate response to incremental exercise in conjunction with heart rate (HR), oxygen consumption ( V ˙ O 2 ), and exercise intensity, and the subsequent calculation of blood lactate thresholds

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Markus Tilp, Lukas Kitzberger, Gudrun Schappacher-Tilp, Philipp Birnbaumer, and Peter Hofmann

With increasing exercise intensity during incremental whole-body exercise, 3 different metabolic phases separated by 2 thresholds can be observed. 1 These thresholds can be determined by systemic variables such as heart rate (HR), blood lactate concentration, or ventilation (VE). 2 , 3 Although

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Athanasios Kabasakalis, Stefanos Nikolaidis, George Tsalis, and Vassilis Mougios

upregulate biochemical markers such as lactate, glucose, cortisol, reduced glutathione (GSH), total antioxidant capacity, and 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine. 11 Swimming SIT sets are considered relevant and effective in improving performance in competitive events ranging from 50 to 400 m, as they increase

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Carlos Augusto Kalva-Filho, Argyris Toubekis, Alessandro Moura Zagatto, Adelino Sanchez Ramos da Silva, João Paulo Loures, Eduardo Zapaterra Campos, and Marcelo Papoti

the maximal intensity that can be sustained without substantial increases in blood lactate concentrations ([La − ]), indicating that the anaerobic metabolism is not required and the effort may be sustained for several minutes (eg, >30 min) ( 2 , 8 ). On the other hand, exercises performed above the

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Adam J. Pinos, David J. Bentley, and Heather M. Logan-Sprenger

, or 20–50 s) relies on a greater proportion of cellular energy derived from anaerobic glycolysis, as reflected by higher elevations in blood lactate (BLa) concentration compared with distance (>400 m) events. 1 – 4 A variety of physiological testing assessments have been well documented, with