captain can be characterized as a specific formal role in the team. More recent categorizations of leadership in sport teams has distinguished between four different leadership roles that athletes can occupy in the team: task, social ( Slater, 1955 ), external ( Loughead et al., 2006 ), and motivational
Stewart Cotterill, Richard Cheetham and Katrien Fransen
Meg G. Hancock, Lindsey Darvin and Nefertiti A. Walker
significant occurrences: women currently hold top leadership roles in organizations, and barriers to leadership advancement exist in a subtler manner than in previous decades that were plagued by exclusionary laws and clear-cut forms of marginalization. Subsequently, the CPS focuses on investigating the
Lauren C. Hindman and Nefertiti A. Walker
getting them to stay and promoting them to leadership roles. A deeper investigation of women’s experiences in the sport workplace is needed to understand these challenges. Women, from sport journalists to coaches to business managers, confront gender stereotypes and bias, appearance standards, and
Ben D. Kern, Kim C. Graber, Amelia Mays Woods and Tom Templin
in their building, nearly all of the teachers interviewed referred to their physical education teaching colleagues as generally either facilitators of or barriers to change. Some teachers in the CD group, however, assumed a leadership role in the change process, and often considered their colleagues
Diane M. Culver, Erin Kraft, Cari Din and Isabelle Cayer
so that others can consider how they might do something similar. To lay the foundations for this best practice paper, we start by summarizing, for Canada, the status of women in sport leadership roles. Since the 1990s, national sport systems have grown and changed to include more programming and
C. William Balke, Gloria H. Umberger and Carl G. Mattacola
The postgenomic era and heightened public expectations for tangible improvements in the public health have stimulated a complete transformation of the nation's biomedical research enterprise. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) “Roadmap for Medical Research” has catalyzed this transformation. The NIH roadmap consists of several interrelated initiatives, of which the Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) program is the most relevant for rehabilitation specialists. This article reviews the evolution of this transformation and highlights the unprecedented opportunities the CTSA program provides rehabilitation specialists to play leadership roles in improving the clinical care of their patients.
Alan S. Kornspan
Although sport psychology scholars often refer to John Lawther’s publication of the Psychology of Coaching as an important historical event, little detail of Lawther’s many contributions to the field of sport psychology have been discussed within the literature. Thus, the present paper describes Lawther’s various contributions to the field of sport psychology. Specifically, Lawther’s activities related to the publications of the Psychology of Coaching and Sport Psychology, presentations at the first, second, and third International Congress of Sport Psychology, as well as his leadership role in promoting the application of sport psychology during the late 1960s and early 1970s are delineated
Steven H. Kelder, Grace Goc Karp, Philip W. Scruggs and Helen Brown
Is there anything more important than the health, well-being and education of a nation’s children? This paper takes the position that school is the most important place to educate children about health and to develop lifelong health promoting skills. We believe that health promotion programs and activities are integral to the school’s educational program, not as extracurricular, but as central to school’s educational mission. In this chapter, we highlight the importance of physical education and physical activity as key components of a well-designed coordinated school health program. We also outline the skills that PE teachers must learn to take a leadership role in the school health movement.
Leadership is often formalized within sport through captaincy, but researchers have yet to examine the realities of captaincy at the highest level of professional competition. The current study examined the benefits, pressures, and challenges of leadership and captaincy in the National Hockey League (NHL). One captain of an NHL team participated in two in-depth interviews, providing thorough descriptions of his first-hand experiences as an NHL captain, including (a) the techniques he uses to manage his media obligations, (b) his role as a communication bridge between players and coaches, (c) the composition of his leadership group, and (d) examples of interactions that occur during player-only meetings. The transition to captaincy was considered an especially challenging and pressure-filled period. Practical implications for sport psychology consultants are discussed in terms of how they can assist captains of elite competitive teams in setting realistic expectations for their leadership role.
Vikki Krane and Diane E. Whaley
To read the written history of U.S. sport and exercise psychology, one easily could assume that women were absent from the field. Yet, indisputably women have assumed influential leadership roles through their research, leadership in professional organizations, editing major journals, and mentoring graduate students and novice professionals. Based on life history interviews, grounded in standpoint and feminist cultural studies perspectives, we present the collective contributions of 8 women who greatly affected the development of the field of sport and exercise psychology in the U.S. Although traveling different paths and having varied strengths and weaknesses, certain attributes distinguished their journeys; most notably, they were driven, selfless, dignified, humble, competent, and passionate about developing the field. Their legacy includes generations of students who have carved their own careers in sport and exercise psychology; lines of research that have established the field as rigorous, theory-based, practical, and relevant; and caring and competent leadership in our professional organizations.