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Peter Gröpel and Jürgen Beckmann

Researchers suggests that a pre-performance routine (PPR) can improve performance in competitions. The effectiveness of left-hand contractions, a PPR to trigger facilitative cortical processes for skilled motor performance, was tested in two studies. In Study 1, gymnasts competing at the German university championships in artistic gymnastics performed their routines with or without the PPR. In Study 2, gymnasts performed the balance beam exercise either using the PPR or the control task (right-hand contractions) under simulated competition pressure. The qualification performance (Study 1) and the pressure-free performance (Study 2) were controlled. In both studies, participants in the PPR group performed better than control participants. The results indicate that left-hand contractions may be a useful PPR in the field.

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Peter Gröpel, Christopher Mesagno and Jürgen Beckmann

). Unilateral left-hand contractions produce widespread depression of cortical activity after their execution . PLoS ONE, 10 ( 12 ), e0145867 . PubMed ID: 26709832 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0145867 10.1371/journal.pone.0145867 Gröpel , P. , & Beckmann , J. ( 2017 ). A pre-performance routine to optimize