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Mieko Yokozuka, Chie Miki, Makoto Suzuki and Rieko Katsura

the participants regularly gathered to participate in physical fitness activities. Toe flexor strength was measured using a dynamometer, and the activity levels in daily life were measured using a pedometer and the life space assessment (LSA) questionnaire form. Toe flexor strength and LSA scores were

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Johanna Eronen, Mikaela von Bonsdorff, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Anne Viljanen and Taina Rantanen

Life-space mobility describes the extent of community mobility of older persons. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and life-space mobility and to investigate whether associations might be explained by SES-related disparities in health and functioning. The participants (n = 848) were community-dwelling adults aged 75–90. Education and occupation were used to indicate SES. Life-space assessment (range 0–120) was used to indicate distance and frequency of moving and assistance needed in moving. People with low education had lower life-space mobility scores than those with intermediate or high education: marginal means 63.5, 64.8, and 70.0 (p = .003), respectively. SES-related health disparities, i.e., higher body mass index, poorer cognitive capacity, and poorer physical performance explained the association, rendering it nonsignificant (marginal means 65.2, 65.3, and 67.5, p = .390). Low SES and restricted life-space mobility often coexist with overweight, reduced cognition, and poorer physical performance.

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Daniël M. van Leeuwen, Fabian van de Bunt, Cornelis J. de Ruiter, Natasja M. van Schoor, Dorly J.H. Deeg and Kaj S. Emanuel

-0266(03)00128-1 10.1016/S0736-0266(03)00128-1 Peel , C. , Sawyer Baker , P. , Roth , D.L. , Brown , C.J. , Brodner , E.V , & Allman , R.M. ( 2005 ). Assessing mobility in older adults: the UAB study of aging life-space assessment . Physical Therapy, 85 ( 10 ), 1008 – 119 . 16180950 Peeters , G

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Lotta Palmberg, Erja Portegijs, Taina Rantanen, Eeva Aartolahti, Anne Viljanen, Mirja Hirvensalo and Merja Rantakokko

assessed at the baseline and during the follow-up with a question extracted from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging Life-Space Assessment questionnaire ( Baker, Bodner, & Allman, 2003 ). The participants were asked to report how often they had gone out into their neighborhood (other

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Dawn C. Mackey, Alexander D. Perkins, Kaitlin Hong Tai, Joanie Sims-Gould and Heather A. McKay

were taken for a particular day, the number of trips was set to 0 for that day. If a page was left blank, with or without the date entered, data were considered missing ( Chudyk et al., 2015 ). Mobility: We administered the Life-Space Assessment ( Baker, Bodner, & Allman, 2003 ) by interview to assess

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Frances A. Kanach, Amy M. Pastva, Katherine S. Hall, Juliessa M. Pavon and Miriam C. Morey

using self-reported ADL and a community mobility measure (Aging Life-Space Assessment [LSA]; ( Brown et al., 2016 ). The LSA is a composite measure based on the level, degree of independence in achieving each level, and frequency of attaining each level of distance traversed during the preceding 4 weeks