The mission of education is to prepare all students with and without disabilities for adult life in the community. Recent amendments to Public Law 94-142 now require transition services, which promote movement from school to postschool activities, for all students with disabilities to begin as early as age 14 and to be included in the student’s IEP. Most special education programs provide vocational, domestic, and community independent living skills training. However, the same cannot be said for lifelong sport and fitness training. A life-skills model for teaching sport and fitness skills that are chronologically age appropriate, functional, and community based is preferred to the traditional developmental approach for teaching adapted physical education. The life-skills model for teaching adapted physical education changes the setting–from school sport facilities to community sport and recreation facilities–in which adapted physical education classes are conducted. It also expands the role of the adapted physical educator from direct service provider to include transition team member, consultant to regular physical education and community sport and recreation agencies, trainer of support personnel, and environmental analyst.
Patricia L. Krebs and Martin E. Block
Martin E. Block
What is appropriate physical education for students with profound disabilities? Some suggest a developmental model in which students learn prerequisite skills before they are exposed to higher level skills. Others suggest the use of specially designed games that often bear little resemblance to traditional physical education activities. Still others call for a therapeutic model in which physical education focuses on physical and occupational therapy techniques. While these models provide viable programming options for students with profound disabilities, alone they do not constitute an appropriate physical education program as defined in PL 94-142 (reauthorized as PL 101-476). In addition, current philosophies in special education for students with severe and profound disabilities call for programs that are chronological age appropriate, functional, data based, and taught in natural, community based settings. This paper provides an alternative view of what is appropriate physical education for students with profound disabilities by integrating the best aspects of the models described above with the current life-skills curricula model employed in special education.
Acting as a liaison between a university’s counseling and psychological services and intercollegiate athletics department is an emerging alternative career path in professional psychology. This article details how a psychologist-sport psychologist liaison role can provide both psychological counseling and sport psychology consulting in a university setting. In addition, the author outlines the mission and goals of such a position, the departments within which this work is carried out, how psychology and applied sport psychology services are conceptualized and integrated, and the responsibilities and service duties of a counseling psychologist and sport psychologist to university student-athletes, coaches, and staff. It is hoped that illustrating this relationship between university counseling and psychological services and athletic departments will demonstrate how campus resources can be employed to assist student-athletes with performance enhancement, personal enrichment, and life skills development. In addition, the author offers examples of ways that athletic coaching, administration, and program development can be enhanced through cultivation of positive relationships between university counseling and psychological services, and intercollegiate athletic departments.
Mayrena I. Hernandez, Kevin M. Biese, Dan A. Schaefer, Eric G. Post, David R. Bell and M. Alison Brooks
in Youth Sports Not at all A little Somewhat Very Extremely How important are the following parts of sports to you? Winning 14 (1.4) 66 (6.7) 244 (24.8) 378 (38.5) 280 (28.5) Spending time with friends 20 (2.1) 101 (10.4) 249 (25.6) 366 (37.6) 238 (24.4) Developing life skills such as teamwork and
Jill L. McNitt-Gray
a common goal. Successful pursuits often require trust, teamwork, listening, problem solving, perseverance, and patience throughout the process. These life skills are also the same skills needed to conduct innovative research in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, and
Kristoffer Henriksen, Louise Kamuk Storm, Natalia Stambulova, Nicklas Pyrdol and Carsten Hvid Larsen
Targeted mental skills Goal setting, self-talk, visualization, stress management, pre-performance routines, and relaxation. Beyond mental skills A whole person approach with focus on family, school, peers, self-management and life skills. Education of coaches and parents Focus is limited to sport
Leonardo Ruiz, Judy L. Van Raalte, Thaddeus France and Al Petitpas
; Zirin, 2005 ). It has been suggested that the academy system leaves players unprepared in terms of the life skills and resources needed to transition to productive, socially healthy lives after sport ( Danish, Petitpas, & Hale, 1993 ; Schlossberg, 1981 ; Taylor & Olgivie, 1994 ). Theoretical and
Michelle L. Bartlett, Mitch Abrams, Megan Byrd, Arial S. Treankler and Richard Houston-Norton
to understand anger differences between athletes and non-athletes, it is also vital to be able to apply that information towards benefitting individual health and well-being. The aforementioned results show differences in anger levels based on gender. Programming regarding life skill development at
Florence Lebrun, Áine MacNamara, Dave Collins and Sheelagh Rodgers
contexts (e.g., opportunities, needs, or benefits of life skills transfer; Kendellen & Camiré, 2019 ). In addition, this type of intervention may also provide athletes with sufficient awareness and tools to monitor, early detect, and fight against developing MHIs. However, in order to be as efficient as
Pierre Lepage, Gordon A. Bloom and William R. Falcão
platform for teaching life skills, which have been defined as “skills that enable individuals to succeed in the different environments in which they live, such as school, home, and in their neighborhood” (p. 40). Related to this, some youth sport coaches have adopted an athlete-centered approach that has