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Johanna Eronen, Mikaela von Bonsdorff, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Anne Viljanen and Taina Rantanen

Life-space mobility describes the extent of community mobility of older persons. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and life-space mobility and to investigate whether associations might be explained by SES-related disparities in health and functioning. The participants (n = 848) were community-dwelling adults aged 75–90. Education and occupation were used to indicate SES. Life-space assessment (range 0–120) was used to indicate distance and frequency of moving and assistance needed in moving. People with low education had lower life-space mobility scores than those with intermediate or high education: marginal means 63.5, 64.8, and 70.0 (p = .003), respectively. SES-related health disparities, i.e., higher body mass index, poorer cognitive capacity, and poorer physical performance explained the association, rendering it nonsignificant (marginal means 65.2, 65.3, and 67.5, p = .390). Low SES and restricted life-space mobility often coexist with overweight, reduced cognition, and poorer physical performance.

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Li-Tang Tsai, Merja Rantakokko, Anne Viljanen, Milla Saajanaho, Johanna Eronen, Taina Rantanen and Erja Portegijs

This cross-sectional study investigated associations between reasons to go outdoors and objectively-measured walking activity in various life-space areas among older people. During the study, 174 community-dwelling older people aged 75–90 from central Finland wore an accelerometer over seven days and recorded their reasons to go outdoors in an activity diary. The most common reasons for going outdoors were shopping, walking for exercise, social visits, and running errands. Activities done in multiple life-space areas contributed more to daily step counts than those done in the neighborhood or town and beyond. Those who went shopping or walked for exercise accumulated higher daily step counts than those who did not go outdoors for these reasons. These results show that shopping and walking for exercise are common reasons to go outdoors for community-dwelling older people and may facilitate walking activity in older age. Future studies on how individual trips contribute to the accumulation of steps are warranted.

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Mieko Yokozuka, Chie Miki, Makoto Suzuki and Rieko Katsura

the participants regularly gathered to participate in physical fitness activities. Toe flexor strength was measured using a dynamometer, and the activity levels in daily life were measured using a pedometer and the life space assessment (LSA) questionnaire form. Toe flexor strength and LSA scores were

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Lotta Palmberg, Erja Portegijs, Taina Rantanen, Eeva Aartolahti, Anne Viljanen, Mirja Hirvensalo and Merja Rantakokko

assessed at the baseline and during the follow-up with a question extracted from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging Life-Space Assessment questionnaire ( Baker, Bodner, & Allman, 2003 ). The participants were asked to report how often they had gone out into their neighborhood (other

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* Megan M. McAllister * Penny Brasher * Wendy L. Cook * Pierre Guy * Joseph H. Puyat * Karim M. Khan * Heather A. McKay * Maureen C. Ashe * 1 2016 24 1 79 84 10.1123/japa.2015-0013 Associations Between Reasons to Go Outdoors and Objectively-Measured Walking Activity in Various Life-Space

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Gina M. McCaskill, Olivio J. Clay, Peng Li, Richard E. Kennedy, Kathryn L. Burgio and Cynthia J. Brown

Alabama. All participants signed an informed consent. Trained interviewers conducted baseline interviews in the homes of participants between November 1999 and February 2001. To assess life-space mobility and health over time, 6-month interval follow-up telephone calls were conducted over 8.5 years

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A. Stefanie Mikolaizak, Jochen Klenk, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Michael D. Denkinger, Kilian Rapp and for the ActiFE Study Group

environment is described as outdoor mobility ( Webber, Porter, & Menec, 2010 ). Outdoor activities are linked to increased PA levels ( Portegijs, Tsai, Rantanen, & Rantakokko, 2015 ; Tsai et al., 2016 ). Expansion of daily life space, defined as the area through which a person moves in daily life, has been

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Older English Adults Yu-Tzu Wu * Natalia R. Jones * Esther M.F. van Sluijs * Simon J. Griffin * Nicholas J. Wareham * Andrew P. Jones * 10 2016 24 4 599 616 10.1123/japa.2015-0241 Socioeconomic Status and Life-Space Mobility in Old Age Johanna Eronen * Mikaela von Bonsdorff * Merja

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Dawn C. Mackey, Alexander D. Perkins, Kaitlin Hong Tai, Joanie Sims-Gould and Heather A. McKay

were taken for a particular day, the number of trips was set to 0 for that day. If a page was left blank, with or without the date entered, data were considered missing ( Chudyk et al., 2015 ). Mobility: We administered the Life-Space Assessment ( Baker, Bodner, & Allman, 2003 ) by interview to assess

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Kirsi E. Keskinen, Merja Rantakokko, Kimmo Suomi, Taina Rantanen and Erja Portegijs

retrieved from openly available geospatial data sets and studied in relation to participant data. The participant data, including PA and perceived environmental features of the neighborhood, collected from community-dwelling older adults, were drawn from the data gathered for the “Life-Space Mobility in Old