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William Roth Smith

featured in mass media and often occurring outside of institutional or team settings, individualized action sports—often termed “lifestyle sports” ( Wheaton, 2010 , 2013 ), such as skateboarding, surfing, bicycle motor cross (BMX), parkour, or rock climbing, were not immune to COVID-19’s effects. Stay

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Hamid Najafipour, Masoomeh Kahnooji, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Mahboobeh Yeganeh, Milad Ahmadi Gohari, Mitra Shadkam Farokhi, and Ali Mirzazadeh

According to the World Health Organization report, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) account for almost 30% of overall deaths all around the world. 1 About 80% of deaths in developing countries are a result of CVDs, which occur mostly due to change of lifestyle, increase of urbanism, and lack of

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Marijke Hopman-Rock, Floris W. Kraaimaat, and Johannes W.J. Bijlsma

The relationship between the frequency (chronic, episodic, and sporadic) of arthritic pain in the hip and/or knee, other illness-related variables, physical disability, and a physically active lifestyle was analyzed in community-living subjects aged 55 to 74 years (N = 306). We tested the hypothesis that a physically active lifestyle is a mediating variable in the relationship between pain frequency and physical disability. Physical activity was measured with a structured interview method, and physical disability was measured with the Sickness Impact Profile. A stepwise regression model with demographic data, pain frequency, illness-related variables (such as radiological osteoarthritis and pain severity), and lifestyle variables explained 45% of the variance in physical disability; lifestyle variables explained 7% of the variance in physical disability. Our results support the hypothesis that a physically active lifestyle (in particular, sport activity) is a mediator in the relation between the frequency of pain and physical disability.

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Darren J. Devaney, Mark Stephen Nesti, Noora J. Ronkainen, Martin A. Littlewood, and David Richardson

The term athlete lifestyle programs ( Devaney et al., 2018 ) has been used to describe similarly aligned athlete support programs that have included but are not limited to dual-career programs, career assistance programs, and life skill programs (for a review of international programs, see

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Nils Swindell, Damon Berridge, Melitta A. McNarry, Kelly A. Mackintosh, Lynne M. Boddy, Stuart J. Fairclough, and Gareth Stratton

lifestyle behaviors that reduce energy intake and promote energy expenditure. In 2009, data from the SportsLinx study showed the increase in prevalence of overweight and obesity had slowed among children across Liverpool ( 9 ). These changes may reflect a combined impact of the initiatives delivered in

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Waneen W. Spirduso

Maintaining health and postponing chronic disease are assuming a higher priority in our aging society. It is therefore more critical than ever to understand the specific contribution that exercise makes toward the achievement of independent and healthy living for as many individuals as possible. Scientists have already shown that exercise plays an important role in maintaining cardiovascular health, muscular strength and endurance, balance, flexibility, and neuromuscular coordination. What remains for researchers of the future is to clarify the relationships among fitness, cognition, emotional health, and well-being in the elderly. More important, the greatest challenge for future researchers is to determine how an adult population that recognizes the benefits of exercise but continues to be sedentary can be transformed into a population that incorporates an adequate level of physical activity into its lifestyle.

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Bonny Rockette-Wagner, Rachel G. Miller, Yvonne L. Eaglehouse, Vincent C. Arena, M. Kaye Kramer, and Andrea M. Kriska

) reported that diabetes could be prevented or delayed with lifestyle intervention improvements (weight loss and moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity [MVPA]), post hoc analyses of the original randomized trial (n = 3232; average follow-up 3.2 years) suggested that each hour of reported TV

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Tyler Makepeace, Bradley W. Young, and Scott Rathwell

( Canadian Fitness & Lifestyle Research Institute, 2018 ) and the many barriers interfering with adult sport participation ( Young, 2011 ). Many adults are susceptible to personal lapses, lost motivation, or are constrained due to ageist preconceptions of sport being for youth ( Young & Callary, 2018

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Assumpta Ensenyat, Gemma Espigares-Tribo, Leonardo Machado-Da-Silva, Xenia Sinfreu-Bergués, and Alfonso Blanco

Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of risk factors comprising abdominal obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, has a strong negative impact on cardiovascular health. Epidemiological evidence indicates that undesirable lifestyle changes can somewhat explain the

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Aline Mendes Gerage, Tânia Rosane Bertoldo Benedetti, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Ana Célia Oliveira dos Santos, Bruna Cadengue Coêlho de Souza, and Fábio Araujo Almeida

risk factors for the occurrence and prognosis of hypertension, 2 lifestyle changes are recommended for patients with hypertension. 1 – 3 Despite this, very few adults with hypertension achieve healthy eating (10%) 4 and physical activity (30%) 5 , 6 recommendations. Lifestyle change programs based