Depressive symptoms and fatigue are prevalent among people living with human immunodeficiency virus. Resistance exercise is known to stimulate a positive affective response. Objective: To examine the acute psychological effects of resistance-exercise intensity among Black/African-American people living with human immunodeficiency virus and experiencing depressive symptoms. Methods: A total of 42 participants were randomized into a moderate- (n = 21) or high-intensity (n = 21) group. Assessments were collected before exercise (PRE), at the midpoint (MID), immediately following (POST) exercise, and 15 (DELAY 15) and 30 (DELAY 30) min after. Results: In the moderate-intensity group, affect improved PRE to POST, PRE to DELAY 15 and DELAY 30, and perceived distress decreased from PRE to all time points. In the high-intensity group, affect declined PRE to MID, and perceived distress decreased PRE to DELAY 15 and DELAY 30. Perceived activation increased PRE to MID, and POST in both groups (ps < .01). Conclusions: The moderate-intensity group compared with the high-intensity group is more effective at improving affect and energy and at reducing distress.
Sanaz Nosrat, James W. Whitworth, Nicholas J. SantaBarbara, Shira I. Dunsiger and Joseph T. Ciccolo
Jennifer K. Wesely
Bodybuilding is a body technology that involves the building of muscle through hard work lifting weights. Although technologies like bodybuilding can reify dominant constructions of gender. I suggest that bodybuilding also reflects the attempts of participants to be active agents in the choices they make about their bodies. This article addresses the body as a work in progress and uses in-depth interviews with male and female bodybuilders to examine the ways that gender identity is consistently negotiated as participants reshape their bodies. This ongoing identity negotiation is reflected in the ways participants assess various body technologies, like bodybuilding, muscle-enhancing drugs, and cosmetic surgery as natural or unnatural. Based on the responses, I explore the idea of a natural/unnatural continuum as a framework for understanding the ways that the participants fluctuate in their assessments of hugely built and other technologized bodies.
Todd M. Manini, Marvin Druger and Lori Ploutz-Snyder
The purposes of this study were to determine current opinions of strength exercise among older adults and whether knowledge of recommended protocols differs between strength-exercise participants and nonparticipants. One hundred twenty-nine older adults (77.5 ± 8.6 years) responded to questions about their opinions, experiences, and knowledge of strength-exercise recommendations. Some misconceptions were identified in the sample, with 48.4% of participants responding “no” to “strength training increases muscle mass,” 45% responding “no” to “increasing weight is more important than number of repetitions for building strength,” and 37% responding that walking is more effective than lifting weights at building muscle strength. The number of correct responses was related to the number of years in school (semipartial r 2 = .046). More education is needed about the benefits and recommendations to ensure proper use of current strength-exercise protocols among older adults.
some concerns that are reproduced more than others when it comes to kids and weightlifting. He explains that: …[w]hen pressed to explain why children shouldn’t lift weights, we are told, ‘it will hurt their growth plates’ [and] to hear the naysayers tell it, kids who lift weights are going to grow up
Alice M. Buchanan, Benjamin Miedema and Georgia C. Frey
were both very active and fit. When Noah was on the high school swim team he lifted weights but stopped when he finished high school. Of Noah, she remarked We would love to get him involved in a softball league, get him lifting weights again—he lifted for swimming. He wanted to learn to roller blade
Mohammad Siahpush, Trish D. Levan, Minh N. Nguyen, Brandon L. Grimm, Athena K. Ramos, Tzeyu L. Michaud and Patrik L. Johansson
question about muscle-strengthening exercises: “How often do you do leisure-time physical activities specifically designed to strengthen your muscles such as lifting weights or doing calisthenics?” From responses to this question, we computed a variable indicating whether a respondent performed
John B. Nezlek, Marzena Cypryańska, Piotr Cypryański, Karolina Chlebosz, Karolina Jenczylik, Joanna Sztachańska and Anna M. Zalewska
stressful last week?” and “Was your job stressful last week?” The response scale for both was 1 = not at all and 7 = maximum stress . To control for the amount of other types of exercise people had during the week, we also asked how many days that week participants had swam, biked, lifted weights, and
Joseph M. Stock, Ryan T. Pohlig, Matthew J. Botieri, David G. Edwards and Gregory M. Dominick
exercise ( Bunn et al., 2018 ; Dooley et al., 2017 ; Montoye et al., 2017 ). Although measurement error has been reported to be within 10% of ECG and Polar HR, these findings are often based on aggregate HR data collected from different activities (e.g., sitting, walking, running, cycling, and lifting
Scott E. Crouter, Paul R. Hibbing and Samuel R. LaMunion
the tasks being performed. Example activities performed during the unstructured measurement included SB (e.g., playing computer games, reading, and doing homework), sporting activities (e.g., basketball, lifting weights, soccer, and playing catch), active video games (e.g., Dance Dance Revolution
Justine Chatterton, Trent A. Petrie, Keke L. Schuler and Camilo Ruggero
-sport sample of 203 male collegiate athletes, Petrie et al. ( 2014 ) examined the relationship of body image, dietary restraint, negative affect, and drive for muscularity to bulimic symptomatology. Although they found that engaging in muscularity behaviors (MB; e.g., lifting weights) and restricting caloric