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Astrid C.J. Balemans, Han Houdijk, Gilbert R. Koelewijn, Marjolein Piek, Frank Tubbing, Anne Visser-Meily, and Olaf Verschuren

) compare energy expenditure and muscle activity between SB (lying and sitting) between healthy controls, adults with stroke, and adults with CP and (2) investigate responses of light physical activities (standing and walking) within groups. The hypothesis is that individuals with a mild physical disability

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Elin Ekblom-Bak, Örjan Ekblom, Kate A. Bolam, Björn Ekblom, Göran Bergström, and Mats Börjesson

Background:

Although moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is mainly recommended for glucose control, light physical activity (LIPA) may also have the potential to induce favorable changes. We investigated sedentary time (SED) substitution with equal time in LIPA and MVPA, and the association with markers of glucose regulation and insulin sensitivity after stratification by waist circumference, fitness and fasting glucose levels.

Methods:

A total of 654 men and women, 50 to 64 years, from the SCAPIS pilot study were included. Daily SED, LIPA and MVPA were assessed using hip-worn accelerometers. Fasting plasma glucose, insulin and HOMA-IR were determined.

Results:

Substituting 30 min of SED with LIPA was significantly associated with 3.0% lower fasting insulin values and 3.1% lower HOMA-IR values, with even lower levels when substituting SED with MVPA. Participants with lower fitness and participants with high fasting glucose levels benefited significantly more from substituting 30 min of SED with LIPA compared with participants with normal to high fitness levels and participants with normal glucose levels, respectively.

Conclusions:

LIPA, and not only MVPA, may have beneficial associations with glucose regulation. This is of great clinical and public health importance, not least because it may confer a higher compliance rate to regular PA.

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Ting Zhang, Hongjuan Li, Chao Li, Liu Zhang, and Zhaohua Zhang

geometric mean, min/d  SB 614  LPA 270  MVPA 39  SLP 516 Abbreviations: LPA, light physical activity; MVPA, moderate to vigorous physical activity; SB, sedentary behavior; SLP, sleep. Note: Data are presented as mean (SD). Compared with the entire sample, MVPA and SLP of the excellent group were all 3

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Peng Zhang, Jung Eun Lee, David F. Stodden, and Zan Gao

.01 440.41 113.96  Weekend 301.38 101.43 284.07 98.01 541.95 91.91 344.30 153.17 EE, KPD  Weekday 282.14 138.68 321.39 169.22 303.52 192.75 279.48 170.04  Weekend 254.24 154.66 320.85 209.22 251.69 200.94 254.76 193.25 Abbreviations: EE, energy expenditure; KPD, kilocalories per day; LPA, light physical

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Judith Godin, Joanna M. Blodgett, Kenneth Rockwood, and Olga Theou

considered valid if participants had worn the accelerometer for at least 10 hr/day on four different days. We used the following NHANES cut points: 0–100 counts/min, sedentary time; 100–2,020 counts/min, light physical activity; and >2,020 counts/min, moderate–vigorous physical activity ( Blodgett et

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Maria Jose Arias-Tellez, Francisco M. Acosta, Jairo H. Migueles, Jose M. Pascual-Gamarra, Elisa Merchan-Ramirez, Clarice M. de Lucena Martins, Jose M. Llamas-Elvira, Borja Martinez-Tellez, and Jonatan R. Ruiz

hours using an automated algorithm guided by subject diary reports ( van Hees et al., 2015 ); and (g) the estimation of the time spent in sedentary behavior and in PA of different intensity, that is, light physical activity (LPA), moderate physical activity (MPA), and vigorous physical activity (VPA

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Adilson Santos Andrade de Sousa, Marilia A. Correia, Breno Quintella Farah, Glauco Saes, Antônio Eduardo Zerati, Pedro Puech-Leao, Nelson Wolosker, Gabriel G. Cucato, and Raphael M. Ritti-Dias

activity data were included only if the patient had accumulated a minimum of 10 hr/day of recording for at least 4 days, including one weekend day. Using previously reported cutoff thresholds for older people ( Copeland & Esliger, 2009 ; i.e., light physical activity as 100–1,041 counts/min and moderate

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Kyle M. Petit and Tracey Covassin

in their SRC management practices. Additional results from this section of the survey can be found in Table  3 . Table 3 Athletic Trainers’ Perceptions of Utilizing Rest and Activity (N = 122) Statements AT agreeance, N (%) The following should not begin until asymptomatic:  Light physical activity

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Ryan D. Burns, Youngwon Kim, Wonwoo Byun, and Timothy A. Brusseau

. 13 , 14 Analyses used in past research linking gross motor skills with physical activity, specifically moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), has assumed independence of this construct with other behavioral compositional parts, such as sedentary times (SED) and light physical activity (LPA

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Koji Yonemoto, Takanori Honda, Hiro Kishimoto, Daigo Yoshida, Jun Hata, Naoko Mukai, Mao Shibata, Yoichiro Hirakawa, Toshiharu Ninomiya, and Shuzo Kumagai

factor for metabolic syndrome, whereas total or nonprolonged sedentary time was not. 18 Activities with intensity between 1.5 and 3 METs were defined as activities of light physical activity (LPA). Activities of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were defined as activities with intensity ≥3