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Patricia Santos de Oliveira, Mey de Abreu van Munster, Joslei Viana de Souza, and Lauren J. Lieberman

expanding ( Heikinaro-Johansson, Sherrill, French, & Huuhka, 1995 ; Lytle & Collier, 2002 ; Pope, 2009 ). Thus, it is important to investigate which aspects of collaborative consulting in APE have been addressed in the literature. Literature reviews on the inclusion of students with disabilities in school

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Alif Laila Tisha, Ashley Allison Armstrong, Amy Wagoner Johnson, and Citlali López-Ortiz

This literature review focuses on the primary morphological and structural characteristics, and mechanical properties identified in muscles affected by spastic cerebral palsy (CP). CP is a nonprogressive neurological disorder caused by brain damage and is commonly diagnosed at birth. Although the brain damage is not progressive, subsequent neurophysiological developmental adaptations may initiate changes in muscle structure, function, and composition, causing abnormal muscle activity and coordination. The symptoms of CP vary among patients. However, muscle spasticity is commonly present and is one of the most debilitating effects of CP. Here, we present the current knowledge regarding the mechanical properties of skeletal tissue affected by spastic CP. An increase in sarcomere length, collagen content, and fascicle diameter, and a reduction in the number of satellite cells within spastic CP muscle were consistent findings in the literature. However, studies differed in changes in fascicle lengths and fiber diameters. We also present a conceptual mechanical model of fascicle force transmission that incorporates mechanisms which impact both serial and lateral force production, highlighting the connections between the macro and micro structures of muscle to assist in deducing specific mechanisms for property changes and reduced force production.

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Tyler Prochnow, Haley Delgado, Megan S. Patterson, and M. Renée Umstattd Meyer

. Objective In published literature reviews of child PA research using SNA methods, it was suggested that a child’s social environment plays an important role in PA participation. 21 , 22 Since the publication of these reviews, there has been a wealth of peer-reviewed articles detailing the use of SNA to

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Nkechi Offor, Peace Ossom Williamson, and Priscila Caçola

Purpose:

The purpose of this systematic literature review and meta-analysis is to identify the types of interventions in physical therapy contexts that have been explored in children with developmental coordination disorder, the most common variables being addressed, and whether these interventions are effective.

Method:

This systematic search of MEDLINE, PEDro, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library identified interventions in physical therapy contexts for children and adolescents with DCD, and studies were screened using these criteria and assessed using the PEDro and NIH quality assessment scales. AMSTAR was used to evaluate systematic reviews and a meta-analysis was conducted.

Results:

From the articles reviewed, 29 articles of moderate to good quality were included in the qualitative analysis. Task-oriented approaches as well as motor skill training–based interventions have shown beneficial effects in improving motor function in children with DCD. Data from 14 articles was extracted for inclusion in the meta-analysis, providing support for the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions against inaction.

Conclusion:

Researchers recommend the use of task-oriented and traditional physical therapy interventions for children with DCD. In addition, interventions in physical therapy contexts need clear goals and outcome measures for individual children.

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Laura S. Kox, P. Paul F.M. Kuijer, Dagmar A.J. Thijssen, Gino M.M.J. Kerkhoffs, Rick R. van Rijn, Monique H.W. Frings-Dresen, and Mario Maas

in wrist-loading sports to provide adequate information and advice to the athletes and their parents. The purpose of this literature review is to systematically investigate the long-term wrist-related health effects, both positive and negative, of sports performance requiring repetitive wrist loading

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Sofiya Alhassan, Christine W. St. Laurent, and Sarah Burkart

-Glover , M. , Ceaser , T. , & Alhassan , S. ( 2014 ). Effectiveness of pre-school- and school-based interventions to impact weight-related behaviours in African American children and youth: A literature review . Obesity Reviews, 15 ( Suppl. 4 ), 5 – 25 . doi:10.1111/obr.12208 10.1111/obr.12208

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Emma J. Stodel

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Andrea Torres, Bethany Tennant, Isabela Ribeiro-Lucas, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Katrina Piercy, and Bonny Bloodgood

, pregnancy and postpartum, promotion of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and youth. The committee was supported by federal staff and a literature review team created for the purpose of planning, conducting, and summarizing systematic reviews for the committee. The literature review team included

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Courtney W. Hess, Stacy L. Gnacinski, and Barbara B. Meyer

athletes, as well as decreased burnout for sports-medicine practitioners. Summary In the literature reviewed herein, clarity is offered surrounding operational definitions for professional-practice approaches that have emerged in the sport domain. While there is empirical support for the use of the

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Peter Olusoga, Marte Bentzen, and Goran Kentta

and assessing the abstracts and keywords to determine whether the studies were appropriate for the scope of the review, guided by the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The second author conducted this part of the literature review, and consulted with the first and third authors when uncertain