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Patricia Santos de Oliveira, Mey de Abreu van Munster, Joslei Viana de Souza and Lauren J. Lieberman

expanding ( Heikinaro-Johansson, Sherrill, French, & Huuhka, 1995 ; Lytle & Collier, 2002 ; Pope, 2009 ). Thus, it is important to investigate which aspects of collaborative consulting in APE have been addressed in the literature. Literature reviews on the inclusion of students with disabilities in school

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Alif Laila Tisha, Ashley Allison Armstrong, Amy Wagoner Johnson and Citlali López-Ortiz

This literature review focuses on the primary morphological and structural characteristics, and mechanical properties identified in muscles affected by spastic cerebral palsy (CP). CP is a nonprogressive neurological disorder caused by brain damage and is commonly diagnosed at birth. Although the brain damage is not progressive, subsequent neurophysiological developmental adaptations may initiate changes in muscle structure, function, and composition, causing abnormal muscle activity and coordination. The symptoms of CP vary among patients. However, muscle spasticity is commonly present and is one of the most debilitating effects of CP. Here, we present the current knowledge regarding the mechanical properties of skeletal tissue affected by spastic CP. An increase in sarcomere length, collagen content, and fascicle diameter, and a reduction in the number of satellite cells within spastic CP muscle were consistent findings in the literature. However, studies differed in changes in fascicle lengths and fiber diameters. We also present a conceptual mechanical model of fascicle force transmission that incorporates mechanisms which impact both serial and lateral force production, highlighting the connections between the macro and micro structures of muscle to assist in deducing specific mechanisms for property changes and reduced force production.

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Tyler Prochnow, Haley Delgado, Megan S. Patterson and M. Renée Umstattd Meyer

. Objective In published literature reviews of child PA research using SNA methods, it was suggested that a child’s social environment plays an important role in PA participation. 21 , 22 Since the publication of these reviews, there has been a wealth of peer-reviewed articles detailing the use of SNA to

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Laura S. Kox, P. Paul F.M. Kuijer, Dagmar A.J. Thijssen, Gino M.M.J. Kerkhoffs, Rick R. van Rijn, Monique H.W. Frings-Dresen and Mario Maas

in wrist-loading sports to provide adequate information and advice to the athletes and their parents. The purpose of this literature review is to systematically investigate the long-term wrist-related health effects, both positive and negative, of sports performance requiring repetitive wrist loading

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Sofiya Alhassan, Christine W. St. Laurent and Sarah Burkart

-Glover , M. , Ceaser , T. , & Alhassan , S. ( 2014 ). Effectiveness of pre-school- and school-based interventions to impact weight-related behaviours in African American children and youth: A literature review . Obesity Reviews, 15 ( Suppl. 4 ), 5 – 25 . doi:10.1111/obr.12208 10.1111/obr.12208

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Nkechi Offor, Peace Ossom Williamson and Priscila Caçola

Purpose:

The purpose of this systematic literature review and meta-analysis is to identify the types of interventions in physical therapy contexts that have been explored in children with developmental coordination disorder, the most common variables being addressed, and whether these interventions are effective.

Method:

This systematic search of MEDLINE, PEDro, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library identified interventions in physical therapy contexts for children and adolescents with DCD, and studies were screened using these criteria and assessed using the PEDro and NIH quality assessment scales. AMSTAR was used to evaluate systematic reviews and a meta-analysis was conducted.

Results:

From the articles reviewed, 29 articles of moderate to good quality were included in the qualitative analysis. Task-oriented approaches as well as motor skill training–based interventions have shown beneficial effects in improving motor function in children with DCD. Data from 14 articles was extracted for inclusion in the meta-analysis, providing support for the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions against inaction.

Conclusion:

Researchers recommend the use of task-oriented and traditional physical therapy interventions for children with DCD. In addition, interventions in physical therapy contexts need clear goals and outcome measures for individual children.

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Emma J. Stodel

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Steriani Elavsky, Lenka Knapova, Adam Klocek and David Smahel

, W. ( 2016 ). The use of e-health and m-health tools in health promotion and primary prevention among older adults: A systematic literature review . BMC Health Services Research, 16 ( S5 ), 290 . doi:10.1186/s12913-016-1522-3 10.1186/s12913-016-1522-3 Kang , M. , & Rowe , D.A. ( 2015

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Nico Schulenkorf, Emma Sherry and Katie Rowe

Despite the significant increase of published research in sport-for-development (SFD), to date there have been no attempts to rigorously review and synthesize scholarly contributions in this area. To address this issue, we conducted an integrative review of SFD literature to portray an overarching and holistic picture of the field. Through a comprehensive literature analysis following Whittemore and Knafl’s (2005) five-step process, we provide evidence of the status quo of current SFD research foci, authorship, geographical contexts, theoretical frameworks, sport activity, level of development, methodologies, methods, and key research findings. Our study shows an increasing trend of journal publications since 2000, with a strong focus on social and educational outcomes related to youth sport and with football (soccer) as the most common activity. A large majority of SFD research has been conducted at the community level, where qualitative approaches are dominant. The geographical contexts of authorship and study location present an interesting paradox: Although the majority of SFD projects are carried out in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, 90% of SFD authors are based in North America, Europe, and Australia. We conclude our study by providing new perspectives on key issues in SFD and by outlining current research and theoretical gaps that provide the basis for future scholarly inquiry.

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Carlos M. Cervantes and David L. Porretta

This review examined the literature on physical activity measurement among individuals with disabilities utilizing Yun and Ulrich’s (2002) view on measurement validity. Specific inclusion criteria were identified. The search produced 115 articles; however, only 28 met all specified criteria. Findings revealed that self-reports and accelerometers were the most common approaches to measuring physical activity, and individuals with orthopedic impairments, those with mental retardation, and those with other health impairments received the most attention. Of the 28 articles, 17 (61%) reported validity and reliability evidence. Among those studies reporting validity, criterion-related evidence was the most common; however, a number of methodological limitations relative to validity were observed. Given the importance of using multiple physical activity measures, only five (18%) studies reported the use of multiple measures. Findings are discussed relative to conducting future physical activity research on persons with disabilities.