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Self-Perceptions, Parents’ Perceptions, Metaperceptions, and Locomotor Skills in Adolescents With Visual Impairments: A Preliminary Investigation

Alexandra Stribing, Adam Pennell, Emily N. Gilbert, Lauren J. Lieberman, and Ali Brian

for adolescents with lower AMC to experience sedentary behaviors and unhealthy weight status such as obesity ( Brian et al., 2019 ; Lima et al., 2017 ; Robinson et al., 2015 ; Stodden et al., 2008 ). For individuals with VI, impaired locomotor skill competence may start early in an infant’s life

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The Effects of Ecologically Valid Intervention Strategies on the Locomotor Skills of Children With Visual Impairments

Ali Brian, Laura Bostick, Angela Starrett, Aija Klavina, Sally Taunton Miedema, Adam Pennell, Alex Stribing, Emily Gilbert, and Lauren J. Lieberman

Fundamental motor skills (FMS) are the building blocks to more complex movement patterns, sport participation, and physical activity (PA; Clark & Metcalfe, 2002 ). FMS, which include locomotor skills (e.g., run, gallop, jump, leap, skip, slide, hop), must be taught in a developmentally appropriate

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Hybrid Program Based on Virtual and Real Games Increases Fundamental Movement Skills in Children With Intellectual Disability: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Ghada Regaieg, Sonia Sahli, and Gilles Kermarrec

compared to children without ID ( Maïano et al., 2019b ; Westendorp et al., 2011 ). Learned during childhood, FMS consist of locomotor skills that involve the body movement through space and object control skills that include manipulating an object in action situations ( Goodway et al., 2019 ; Haywood

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Effects of Locomotor Skill Program on Minority Preschoolers’ Physical Activity Levels

Sofiya Alhassan, Ogechi Nwaokelemeh, Manneh Ghazarian, Jasmin Roberts, Albert Mendoza, and Sanyog Shitole

This pilot study examined the effects of a teacher-taught, locomotor skill (LMS)- based physical activity (PA) program on the LMS and PA levels of minority preschooler-aged children. Eight low-socioeconomic status preschool classrooms were randomized into LMS-PA (LMS-oriented lesson plans) or control group (supervised free playtime). Interventions were delivered for 30 min/day, five days/week for six months. Changes in PA (accelerometer) and LMS variables were assessed with MANCOVA. LMS-PA group exhibited a significant reduction in during-preschool (F (1,16) = 6.34, p = .02, d = 0.02) and total daily (F (1,16) = 9.78, p = .01, d = 0.30) percent time spent in sedentary activity. LMS-PA group also exhibited significant improvement in leaping skills, F (1, 51) = 7.18, p = .01, d = 0.80). No other, significant changes were observed. The implementation of a teacher-taught, LMS-based PA program could potentially improve LMS and reduce sedentary time of minority preschoolers.

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Relationship Between Fundamental Motor Skill Ability and Body Mass Index in Young Adults

Judith Jiménez, Maria Morera, Walter Salazar, and Carl Gabbard


Motor skill competence has been associated with physical activity level, fitness, and other relevant health-related characteristics. Recent research has focused on understanding these relationships in children and adolescents, but little is known about subsequent years. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between fundamental motor skill (FMS) ability and body mass index (BMI) in young adults.


Participants, 40 men and 40 women (M age = 19.25 yr, SD = 2.48), were assessed for BMI and motor competence with 10 fundamental motor skills (FMSs) using the Test for Fundamental Motor Skills in Adults (TFMSA).


BMI was negatively associated with total motor ability (r = –.257; p = .02) and object control skills (r = –.251; p = .02); the relationship with locomotor skills was marginally insignificant (r = –.204; p = .07). In regard to individual skills, a significant negative association was found for running, jumping, striking, and kicking (ps < .05). Multiple regression analysis indicated that BMI and gender predicted 42% of the variance in total FMS score; gender was the only significant predictor.


Overall, these preliminary findings suggest that young adults with higher FMS ability are more likely to have lower BMI scores.

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SKIPping With PAX: Evaluating the Effects of a Dual-Component Intervention on Gross Motor Skill and Social–Emotional Development

Ali Brian, Emily E. Munn, T. Cade Abrams, Layne Case, Sally Taunton Miedema, Alexandra Stribing, Unjong Lee, and Stephen Griffin

. Interventions on FMS development in early childhood that target specific domains such as object manipulation and locomotor skills often significantly improve those skills (e.g.,  p  < .05, d  = 1–3) in as little as 6 weeks (360 min) of instructional time ( Johnstone et al., 2017 ; Taunton et al., 2018 ; Van

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Does Sedentary Behavior Predict Motor Competence in Young Children?

Daniel das Virgens Chagas, Kylie Hesketh, Katherine Downing, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, and Lisa M. Barnett

average age of 4.7 years at baseline. In this investigation, an inverse relationship was reported, in that objectively measured sedentary behavior predicted lower locomotor skills. Another longitudinal study ( Drenowatz & Greier, 2019 ) reported that higher sedentary screen time at the age of 10 years was

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Do Parental Beliefs and Support Predict the Motor Competence of Youth With Visual Impairments?

Alexandra Stribing, Emily N. Gilbert, Lauren J. Lieberman, and Ali Brian

, A. ( 2021 ). Self-perceptions, parents’ perceptions, metaperceptions, and locomotor skills in adolescents with visual impairments: A preliminary investigation . Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 10 ( 1 ), 132 – 148 . 10.1123/jmld.2021-0021 Stribing , A. , Stodden , D.F. , Monsma

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Longitudinal Locomotor Competence and Body Mass Index Across Self-Reported Gender and Vision Level for Youth With Visual Impairments: A 3-Year Investigation

Ali Brian, Angela Starrett, Adam Pennell, Pamela Haibach-Beach, Emily Gilbert, Alexandra Stribing, Sally Taunton Miedema, and Lauren Lieberman

found to have delayed self-initiated locomotion/mobility ( Adelson & Fraiberg, 1974 ) and delayed acquisition of various early life locomotor skills such as stair ascension/descension, independent walking, and cruising around furniture ( Brambring, 2006 ; Celeste, 2002 ; Levtzion-Korach et al., 2000

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What is the Contribution of Actual Motor Skill, Fitness, and Physical Activity to Children’s Self-Perception of Motor Competence?

Lisa M. Barnett, David R. Lubans, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, and Nicola D. Ridgers

, physical activity and actual motor skill with Australian children’s perceived object control and locomotor skills. Methods Participants Primary schools located within a 30 km radius of the Deakin University campus in the eastern suburbs of Melbourne, Australia were identified and randomly invited to