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Is Physical Activity Associated With Loneliness or Social Isolation in Older Adults? Results of a Longitudinal Analysis Using the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing

Ilona I. McMullan, Brendan P. Bunting, Annette Burns, Lee Smith, Connor Cunningham, Roger O’Sullivan, Nicole E. Blackburn, Jason J. Wilson, and Mark A. Tully

adults (65+; Victor et al. 2002 ), whereas 34% of those aged 52 and over in England reported that they are “sometimes” (25%) or “often”(9%) lonely, based on the 2009–2010 data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing ( Beaumont, 2013 ). Older adults may be more at risk of loneliness or social

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Is There an Association Between Self-Reported Physical Activity and Self-Rated Vision Over Time? Results From the Irish Longitudinal Study of Ageing

Ilona I. McMullan, Brendan P. Bunting, Lee Smith, Ai Koyanagi, and Mark A. Tully

self-rated vision over a 6-year period in older adults? and (c) what are the key risk factors for self-reported PA and self-reported vision over a 6-year period? Methods Participants The Irish Longitudinal study of Ageing (TILDA) is an ongoing cohort study of aging that includes community

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Development of Perfectionism in Junior Athletes: A Three-Sample Study of Coach and Parental Pressure

Daniel J. Madigan, Thomas Curran, Joachim Stoeber, Andrew P. Hill, Martin M. Smith, and Louis Passfield

coach pressure ( Appleton & Curran, 2016 ). Against this backdrop, the aim of the present study was to examine the extent to which pressure to be perfect from parents and coaches showed cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships with perfectionism in junior athletes. Perfectionism Perfectionism is

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Consequences of Sport-Related Concussion on Health-Related Quality of Life in Adolescents: A Critically Appraised Topic

Mary Margaret Williamson and Jessica Wallace

and Criteria Sources of evidence searched • CINAHL Plus • MEDLINE • APA PsycArticles • SPORTDiscus Search Terms • (“pediatric quality of life”) AND (“mild traumatic brain injury” OR “mild tbi” OR “mbti” OR “concussion”) AND (“longitudinal”) Search Limits • July 2015 to March 2022 • Peer reviewed

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Sex-Related Differences in Functional Fitness Outcomes in Older Adults

Michael J. Marsala, Shannon Belfry, Joseph B. Orange, and Anita D. Christie

advancing age even in healthy populations ( Shafiee et al., 2017 ). Reductions in muscle mass begin at around 1% per year at the age of 60 ( Lexell, 1995 ). However, some longitudinal studies suggest that fat infiltration, which also increases with age ( Delmonico et al., 2009 ), and the neurological

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Associations Between Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Depressive Symptomatology in Adolescents: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study

Chelsea L. Kracht, Sai S. Pochana, and Amanda E. Staiano

49,606 youth (aged 6–17 y) in the United States. 8 This finding is concerning, as longitudinal studies report that decreased physical activity and increased SB are associated with increased depressive symptomatology. 9 , 10 Maintaining adequate physical activity and less time spent sedentary may

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Associations of Mothers’ and Children’s Stress With Children’s Device-Measured Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Trajectories Across 3 Years

Genevieve F. Dunton, Daniel Chu, Christine H. Naya, Britni R. Belcher, and Tyler B. Mason

enrolled in the Mothers and Their Children’s Health (MATCH) cohort study. The MATCH is a longitudinal observational investigation of the effect of parental stress on children’s obesity risk. A total of 6 assessments were conducted at approximately 6-month intervals (ie, baseline, 6 mo, 12 mo, 18 mo, 24 mo

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Inhibitory Control Across Athletic Expertise and Its Relationship With Sport Performance

Jack Hagyard, Jack Brimmell, Elizabeth J. Edwards, and Robert S. Vaughan

a review), nor examined how robust the effect of expertise is longitudinally. In addition, the impact of inhibitory control on sport performance remains unclear. The current two-part study aimed to address these issues. Inhibitory Control Executive function can be defined as a multicomponent

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Changes in Social Integration Predict Changes in Physical Activity: A 25-Year Prospective Study

Joey Lightner, Brandon C. Irwin, and Matthew Chrisman

Examining this relationship in a longitudinal study, following individuals over time, would give this finding more credence. Few studies to date have examined how changes in social integration impact changes in physical activity. Social integration and physical inactivity were examined in the classic

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Longitudinal Associations Between Sedentary Behavior of Adolescent Girls, Their Mothers, and Best Friends

Lennart Raudsepp and Eva-Maria Riso

Purpose:

The objective of this study was to examine the prospective relationship and changes in sedentary behavior between adolescent girls, their mothers and best friends over time.

Method:

The results are based on 122 girls aged 11–12 years at baseline measurement, their mothers and best friends who completed ecological momentary assessment diary for the assessment of sedentary behavior. All measurements were taken at 3 time points separated by one year. We used structural equation modeling to examine associations among sedentary behavior of adolescent girls, their mothers and best friends.

Results:

A linear growth model for adolescent girls’ and their best friends’ sedentary behavior fit the data well, revealing an overall significant increase in sedentary behavior across time. Initial levels of mothers’ and best friends’ sedentary behavior were positively related with sedentary behavior of adolescent girls. The changes of adolescent girls’ and best friends’ sedentary behavior across 3 years were positively related. Cross-lagged panel analysis demonstrated significant reciprocal effects between adolescent girls’ and best friends’ sedentary behavior. Mothers’ sedentary behavior at baseline predicted daughters’ sedentary behavior at 1-year follow-up and vice versa.

Conclusion:

From early to midadolescence, changes in adolescent girls’ sedentary behavior were associated with changes in best friends’ sedentary behavior. These findings suggest reciprocal associations between sedentary behavior of adolescent girls and their best friends.