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Brice Guignard, Annie Rouard, Didier Chollet, Marco Bonifazi, Dario Dalla Vedova, John Hart and Ludovic Seifert

, were used to investigate human coordination dynamics during walking or running ( Donker, Beek, Wagenaar, & Mulder, 2001 ; O’Halloran, Hamill, McDermott, Remelius, & Van Emmerik, 2012 ; Wannier, Bastiaanse, Colombo, & Dietz, 2001 ). Coordination of the upper and lower limbs oscillators (i

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Janie L. Kelly and Alison R. Valier

make up anywhere from 20% to 65% of injuries. Furthermore, approximately 70% of overuse injuries in high school and college athletes occurred in the lower-extremity. 1 Lower limb overuse injuries (LLOIs) can occur anywhere in the lower-extremity, spanning from the feet to the thighs. 2 Medial tibial

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Figen Govsa, Gkionoul Nteli Chatzioglou, Simin Hepguler, Yelda Pinar and Ozden Bedre

The human foot complex is a multijoint mechanism that determines the critical interaction between the lower limb and the ground during locomotion. 1 – 3 Any injury, lesion, or neuromuscular disorder of this key element of the lower limb drastically affects the normal interaction between muscles

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Mariam A. Ameer and Qassim I. Muaidi

response of the subject identical to the real environment by the effect of visual and auditory stimulus. The main objective of this study was to analyze the effect of ASS on the lower limb RT among young females. Methods Subjects A total of 60 healthy female university students volunteered for this study

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Lütfiye Akkurt, İpek Alemdaroğlu Gürbüz, Ayşe Karaduman and Öznur Tunca Yilmaz

examine the flexibility of the lower limbs, (2) to decide whether flexibility has an effect on performance parameters, and (3) to determine which muscles’ lack of flexibility contributes to the deterioration of performance in patients with DMD. Subjects and Methods Subjects Thirty children with DMD, whose

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James R. Broatch, David J. Bishop and Shona Halson

metabolism progressively increases with sprint duration and the number of sprints. 11 , 12 As such, components of aerobic metabolism like blood flow and oxygen uptake/delivery may be important determinants of repeated-sprint ability. Lower limb compression garments have previously been suggested to provide

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Norihide Sugisaki, Kai Kobayashi, Hiroyasu Tsuchie and Hiroaki Kanehisa

” muscles that are prime movers of the task and responsible for its performance. Sprinting is a motor task in which the body mass of a runner is rapidly propelled forward by a propulsive force produced by lower-limb joint torques. Thus, identifying the key lower-limb muscles in sprinting is essential to

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Ben Langley, Mary Cramp and Stewart C. Morrison

sagittal and transverse plane motions of the foot or upon more proximal joints. The assessment of how footwear influences lower limb kinematics may help to elucidate mechanisms by which injury risk can be mitigated, as hip and knee joint kinematics have been linked to the development of overuse running

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Xiaoyue Hu, Jingxian Li and Lin Wang

level and avoiding lower limb injuries ( Han, Anson, Waddington, Adams, & Liu, 2015 ; Jorgensen, Laessoe, Hendriksen, Nielsen, & Aagaard, 2013 ). Previous studies have reported that the specific hormonal influence of various menstrual cycle phases increases the incidence of sports injuries in females

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Charlie Bowen, Kristian Weaver, Nicola Relph and Matt Greig

prevalence in elite youth players has been shown to be higher than that observed in their senior peers, attributed to training exposure in young elite players who lack the skeletal maturity to tolerate the physical demands imposed. 2 Lower-limb musculoskeletal abnormalities, malalignment, and a reduced