Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 5,232 items for :

Clear All
Open access

Kayla E. Boehm and Kevin C. Miller

Focused Clinical Question Do cold-water immersion (CWI) rectal temperature ( T rec ) cooling rates differ between hyperthermic males and females? Summary of Search, “Best Evidence” Appraised, and Key Findings • We searched for studies that used CWI (water temperature <20°C), the gold standard

Restricted access

Melinda A. Solmon, Amelia M. Lee, Donald Belcher, Louis Harrison Jr. and Lori Wells

Beliefs about gender appropriateness and conceptions of ability have been identified as powerful influences on beliefs about competence. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction of those two factors on competence beliefs in physical activity. Participants completed a survey about the sport of hockey, watched a video of a specific hockey skill, and then responded to questions about the skill. Males expressed more confidence in their ability to learn hockey than females, but females who perceived the activity to be gender neutral were more confident in their ability to learn hockey than females who believed the activity was predominantly for males. Participants’ explanations of their beliefs about gender appropriateness and confidence shed light on how competence beliefs are affected by perceptions of gender appropriateness and conceptions of ability.

Restricted access

Jonathan R. Males and John H. Kerr

This paper examines the relationship between precompetitive affect and performance, using elements of reversal theory (Apter, 1982): a conceptual framework that incorporates a full range of pleasant and unpleasant moods. Nine elite male slalom canoeists completed questionnaires prior to each event of a season that included the world championships. Results were analyzed using a time-series model to make comparisons of each subject’s best and worst performance of the season. Predicted variations in precompetitive levels of pleasant and unpleasant mood did not occur, despite variations in subsequent performances. As predicted, good performances were preceded by low discrepancies between felt and preferred arousal levels, but there was no support for the hypothesis that a large discrepancy between perceived stress and coping efforts would precede a poor performance.

Restricted access

Herbert Wagner, Patrick Fuchs, Andrea Fusco, Philip Fuchs, Jeffrey W. Bell and Serge P. von Duvillard

Modern (indoor) team handball has been an Olympic team sport since 1972 for men and since 1976 for women. Team handball has grown to become a sport played worldwide. Especially in Europe, team handball is very popular and well merchandised for male and female teams by the European Handball

Restricted access

Elizabeth M. Mullin, James E. Leone and Suzanne Pottratz

In the past few years, athletes like Jason Collins and Michael Sam made national news for doing something that gay males do every day: They “came out,” or disclosed their gay male sexual identity to others. The two men jettisoned a national discussion because only a handful of athletes at the

Restricted access

Lauren A. Burt, David A. Greene and Geraldine A. Naughton

literatures exist on male than female gymnasts. At a recreational level, young male gymnasts train at a similar intensity to females without a similar understanding of the impact of gymnastics exposure on their growing body. In addition, this lack of knowledge and awareness continues to exist at an elite

Restricted access

Louise M. Burke, Graeme L. Close, Bronwen Lundy, Martin Mooses, James P. Morton and Adam S. Tenforde

Recognition of low energy availability (LEA) in male athletes, associated with a range of negative outcomes, played a role in the framing of the Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) syndrome ( Mountjoy et al., 2014 ). Indeed, a variety of scenarios have been investigated in which male

Restricted access

Sinéad O’Keeffe, Niamh Ní Chéilleachair and Siobhán O’Connor

The Gaelic Athletic Association plays an important role in the physical activity practices of Irish society, with Gaelic football recognized as the most popular club sport for adolescent males. 1 Gaelic football is a high-intensity, high-velocity contact game that requires large volumes of

Restricted access

Dimitrios Challoumas and Andreas Artemiou

compared with a spike where the ball is directed forcefully to the ground in a straight, downward path. Subjects During the 2014–15 season, 22 male volleyball players from 2 teams participating in the first division of the Cypriot championship were included in the study. The right arm was the dominant (and

Restricted access

Katherine Elizabeth Black, Alistair David Black and Dane Frances Baker

published in English and reported dietary intakes of male rugby union players and studies published before February 2017. Match and Training Demands Elite rugby players were shown to cover between 4,218 and 6,389 m in Super Rugby ( Austin et al., 2011 ). Although some have shown variety in the movement