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William E. Prentice

Various techniques of manual therapy are available to the sports therapist supervising a rehabilitation program. Joint mobilization and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) techniques can be effectively used in rehabilitation of the injured knee for achieving normal joint range of motion and for strengthening the weak components of a movement pattern. Joint mobilization is used to restore normal accessory motion to the joint. The PNF strengthening techniques are used for improving normal physiological motion. These manual therapy techniques allow the sports therapist to concentrate on the rotational component of motion at the knee joint, which is often neglected in rehabilitation programs.

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Bridget M. Walsh, Katherine A. Bain, Phillip A. Gribble, and Matthew C. Hoch

rehabilitation strategies that improve outcomes in this patient population. Manual therapy techniques are often used to improve pain, range of motion, and tissue extensibility. For these reasons, manual therapy interventions are commonly implemented for patients with CAI. There is evidence to suggest the use of

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Alicea E. Taylor-Meza, Kelsey N. Bahe, Michael A. Trevino, Jennifer L. Volberding, and Aric J. Warren

dysfunction. 5 This region also has a 50% incidence of pain. 6 A variety of manual therapy techniques are utilized by clinicians to treat myofascial restrictions, including positional release therapy, strain counterstrain, active release therapy, cupping, trigger point compression, intramuscular manual

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William S. Quillen, John S. Halle, and Leon H. Rouillier

The sports therapist or athletic trainer will frequently encounter individuals who have difficulty regaining normal shoulder joint motion following injury. This tends to occur in spite of the recent advances in arthroscopic surgical techniques, use of constant passive motion (CPM) devices, and sophisticated functional postoperative rehabilitative regimens. A typical approach to the restricted shoulder involves manual therapy techniques. This paper will review the basic physiological and therapeutic principles of mobilization, a primary manual therapy technique. Mobilization procedures are illustrated for the most commonly encountered shoulder restrictions.

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Kyle Matsel, Claire Davies, and Tim Uhl

intervention consisting of improving strength and flexibility. 4 , 5 In addition to therapeutic exercise and manual therapy interventions, trigger point dry needling (TDN) has emerged as a possible treatment option for reducing shoulder pain and functional status. 6 TDN is an intervention performed by

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Precious Barnes and Matthew Rivera

Manual therapy has been shown to improve patient outcomes when included in treatment protocols. 1 , 2 More specifically, manual therapy can improve disability and pain when using an impairment-driven approach. Theoretically, manual therapy provides a mechanical force that initiates a cascade of

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Trey Morgan, Stevie D. Stevens, and Thomas Palmer

Edited by Darin Padua

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Erik A. Wikstrom, Sajad Bagherian, Gary Allen, and Kyeongtak Song

measure of neuromuscular control which plays an important role in dynamic joint stability. 2 , 4 Multiple treatment approaches are available for patients with CAI and recent research has highlighted the benefits of manual therapy techniques such as ankle joint mobilizations at improving dorsiflexion

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Cameron Bolton, Sheri Hale, and Todd Telemeco

dysfunction in those with CAI. Manual therapy directed at the ankle joint is an intervention that is part of a comprehensive treatment approach for those with CAI 6 – 9 given that alterations in joint structure and function are likely to occur following an ankle sprain. 10 – 12 Authors have reported an

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Elizabeth Swann and Susanne J. Graner