positive exercise behaviors long term. As such, novel approaches with the potential to effectively promote physical activity adherence in men with prostate cancer are warranted. Prostate cancer patients’ sense of masculinity is challenged not only by their disease but also by their age, as most men are
Mette Rørth, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Prue Cormie, John L. Oliffe and Julie Midtgaard
Nathan A. Reis, Kent C. Kowalski, Amber D. Mosewich and Leah J. Ferguson
experiences, men face distinct challenges in sport, often stemming from masculinity ( Anderson & McGuire, 2010 ). Whereas women athletes oftentimes face harsh evaluations that pit performance-based expectations against appearance-based expectations (e.g., carrying what might be considered excessive muscle
In recent years, traditional gender power relations across a variety of life domains have been challenged, leading to changes in representations and performances of masculinity (e.g., greater involvement of fathers in child-rearing or changes in communication styles) in many arenas, including
entry point to larger discourses of race and masculinity within sport and general society. Although many professional athletes have used or tested positive for marijuana (Michael Phelps, Tim Lincecum, Randy Moss, Joakim Noah, Ross Rebagliati, among many others), Williams has been referred to as “America
Daniel Sailofsky and Madeleine Orr
, 2018 ) emblematic of hockey’s culture of masculinity and toughness ( Allain, 2008 ; Gee, 2009 ; Haché, 2002 ). It is important to reiterate that this shift toward a faster, more skill-based game free of fighting does not enjoy unanimous support. For some fans and participants, reduced fighting is an
Jeffrey L. Kidder
Parkour is a new, and increasingly popular, sport in which individuals athletically and artistically negotiate obstacles found in the urban environment. In this article, I position parkour as a performance of masculinity involving spatial appropriation. Through ethnographic data I show how young men involved in the sport use the city (both the built environment and the people within it) as a structural resource for the construction and maintenance of gender identities. The focus of my research highlights the performance of gender as a spatialized process.
Brent Douglas McDonald
This article is based on a larger ethnographic project that examines the construction of gendered identity within a Japanese men’s rowing club. For members, notions of masculinity and Japanese identity converge to the point of naturalization. The embodied experience of being a rower is underpinned by the cultural artifacts of hierarchy, social positioning, and group membership. Membership in university rowing clubs somatizes and naturalizes the valued characteristics associated with salary-man identity (duty, loyalty, self-sacrifice, mental and physical endurance) to the point of common sense. The resultant masculine identity is congruent with forms of hegemonic masculinity that are critical for successful employment in company-centered Japan.
Lindsey M. Eliopulos and Jay Johnson
The purpose of this article is to examine the sport–celebrity relationship of singer–actress Jessica Simpson and Dallas Cowboys quarterback Tony Romo. This qualitative analysis of 100 magazine and 100 newspaper articles that coincided with the first publicized notion of the “Jessica [Simpson] Jinx” reveals the prevailing dominant ideologies of patriarchal structures, traditional gender roles, hegemonic masculinity, and deviance. This study uncovers typologies that mirror the archetypal sporting partnership, for example, Simpson’s feminine position as a “supporter” and her function as an “antagonist” (e.g., the femme fatale, Yoko Ono) and Romo’s position as a hegemonic male (the new-laddist, maverick sporting star) and victim. Through developing these themes, the researchers illustrate the concepts of villainization and victimization in the mass media, where Simpson was portrayed unfavorably. Romo, conversely, was portrayed favorably in the press, suggesting the need to maintain the patriarchal order while restraining female dominance.
Amy Tischler and Nate McCaughtry
The purpose of this study was to examine boys’ perceptions of masculinity hierarchies in adventure physical education in relation to past experiences in sport-based physical education and their evolving views about physical activity in their lives. Theoretical principles of masculinity guided this study. Data were collected with 55 male high school students through 84 formal interviews, 200 e-mail interviews, and 135 ninety-minute class observations over 15 weeks. Data were analyzed using constant comparison with frequent member checks to facilitate trustworthiness. Three main findings emerged. First, boys described masculinity hierarchies in many past sport-based physical education classes as static and well-pronounced, which for many negatively impacted their perceptions of and engagement with physical activity. Second, boys described masculinity hierarchies in adventure physical education at Apex High School as shifting and narrowing, which stood in stark contrast to the inequitable status differentials in many sport-based physical education classes. Third, shifting and narrowing masculinity hierarchies resulted in significant positive outcomes for boys, most notably enhancing their orientations toward physical activity. Findings from this study suggest that physical education settings that produce shifting and narrowing masculinity hierarchies can enhance boys’ perceptions of and engagement with physical activity both in and out of school.
Melissa L. Breger, Margery J. Holman and Michelle D. Guerrero
equitably from sport opportunity. Sexual Harassment and Abuse in Sport Regardless of where norms originate—home, school, community, media, or a combination thereof—many girls and boys 1 grow up with the perception that sport has greater value for boys. This pervasiveness of masculinity then shapes norms