coach; and (c) have acknowledged that they prepare through training in order to compete ( Young, Callary, & Rathwell, 2018 ). Masters sport registration rates have been escalating, commensurate with aging demographics, and increased opportunities for active leisure among the aging cohort ( Hastings
Bettina Callary, Chelsea Currie, and Bradley W. Young
Andrea N. Geurin-Eagleman
Masters sport participation is continually increasing, and although much research has uncovered masters participation motives, it has been noted that an understanding of community among masters athletes was also necessary. Online communities of sport participants have been examined only minimally, with research uncovering correlations between new-media use and sport-participation frequency. Using uses and gratifications theory, this study sought to examine masters gymnastics participants to develop a better understanding of athletes’ use of online communities in relation to their sport participation and examine differences in online community use based on demographics. Online survey results from 164 international participants revealed they used new media primarily for fanship, information, and technical knowledge, and online masters gymnastics communities were most often extensions of in-person training groups and communities. These findings and their implications are discussed in the article.
David Geard, Peter R.J. Reaburn, Amanda L. Rebar, and Rylee A. Dionigi
according to our proposed definition. Of note, however, is that for some individuals such as those prone to overtraining ( Piacentini & Meeusen, 2015 ), and under some circumstances such as exercise addiction ( Landolfi, 2013 ), engagement in masters sport may not promote successful aging. For example
Tyler Makepeace and Bradley W. Young
al., 2012 ). Furthermore, MAs must overcome various personal barriers and social stigma that may limit sport participation. Considerable growth and increasing formalization of Masters sport has been well documented (e.g., Weir et al., 2010 ). For example, the 2017 World Masters Games was attended by almost
Catalina Belalcazar and Bettina Callary
Kingdom) countries has shown that up to 70% of serious-minded MAs report having a coach, while also noting that MAs believe they would be more active if they had better access to coaching ( Medic, Starkes, Young, Weir, & Giajnorio, 2005 ). Masters sport is a fast-growing phenomenon in many countries
Jessica Brooke Kirby and Mary Ann Kluge
al. (2017) explored middle-aged adults’ experiences within the context of Masters sport using the Personal Assets Framework (PAF; Côté et al., 2014 , 2016 ). The PAF emphasizes that the dynamic components of sport, to include appropriate settings, personal engagement, and quality relationships, can be
Bettina Callary, Scott Rathwell, and Bradley W. Young
found that course-based coach education specific for working with MAs and research-based recommendations on appropriate coaching approaches for adult athletes were scant. Specific websites dedicated to Masters Sport mostly included information on events, news, and often included information on age
Maureen M. Smith
As women age, society assigns stereotypes that suggest that older women are no longer capable of being competent athletes. In considering the experiences of older women in sport from a sociological perspective, this article provides a short summary of works examining older women in masters sport settings, as well as three brief case studies of older women engaged in sport and movement. As American women age, more of them will have experienced organized high school sport (after the passage of Title IX), suggesting that the experiences of older women in sport will take on new dimensions and meanings worthy of exploration.
Bradley W. Young, Bettina Callary, and Peter C. Niedre
In the new frontier of Masters-level sport, coaching approaches with adult athletes may prove to be quite different than with younger cohorts, and therefore demanding of novel and innovative considerations. This paper draws from emerging perspectives in research on Masters athletes (MAs) and interpretations of broader psycho-social and -pedagogical literature to advance an early roadmap guiding practical strategies for coaches and sport programmers to consider when working with MAs. We explore four content areas that may be particularly relevant for coaches working with adult sportspersons, and for future researchers seeking to confirm where coaching practices with MAs may be highly nuanced. They include: (a) tailoring the sport environment to fulfill adults’ involvement opportunities and heighten athlete commitment; (b) helping adult athletes maximize their limited time for doing sport; (c) guiding athletes to use strategies for negotiating age-related decline; and (d) fostering self-determined and engaged learners in the Masters sport context.
Susan A. Jackson, Stephen K. Ford, Jay C. Kimiecik, and Herbert W. Marsh
The purpose of this study was to examine possible psychological correlates of flow in a sample of older athletes. Both state and trait, or dispositional flow states, were examined. Masters athletes completed questionnaire assessments on two occasions while competing at an international masters sport competition. The participants (398) completed a questionnaire assessing intrinsic/extrinsic motivation, goal orientation, trait anxiety, perceived ability, and typical flow experiences (trait) when participating in sport. Of these participants, 213 completed a questionnaire after and in relation to one event they competed in at the Games. This second questionnaire assessed state flow, as well as perceptions of success, skills, and challenges in a selected sport event. Correlational and multivariate analyses were conducted to examine psychological correlates of state and trait flow. Patterns of relationships were found between flow and perceived ability, anxiety, and an intrinsic motivation variable. Understanding flow and its relationship with other psychological variables are discussed.