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Jessica J. DeGaetano, Andrew T. Wolanin, Donald R. Marks, and Shiloh M. Eastin

The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of psychosocial factors and psychological flexibility on rehabilitation protocol adherence in a sample of injured collegiate athletes. Self-report measures were given to injured athletes before the start of a physical rehabilitation protocol. Upon completion of rehabilitation, each athlete was assessed by the chief athletic trainer using a measure of rehabilitation adherence. Correlational analyses and bootstrapped logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine whether broad psychosocial factors and level of psychological flexibility predicted engagement and adherence to a rehabilitation protocol. Psychological flexibility, as measured on the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (2nd ed.; Bond et al., 2011), contributed significantly to the overall logistic regression model. Study findings suggested that assessment of psychological flexibility could give medical providers a way to evaluate both quickly and quantitatively potentially problematic behavioral responding among injured athletes, allowing for more effective adherence monitoring.

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Renato Semadeni and Kai-Uwe Schmitt


In this study a numerical model of a skier was developed to investigate the effect of different rehabilitation strategies after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture.


A computer model using a combined finite-element and multibody approach was established. The model includes a detailed representation of the knee structures, as well as all major leg muscles. Using this model, different strategies after ACL rupture were analyzed.


The benefit of muscle training to compensate for a loss of the ACL was shown. The results indicate that an increase of 10% of the physiological cross-sectional area has a positive effect without subjecting other knee structures to critical loads. Simulating the use of a hamstring graft indicated increasing knee loads. A patellar-tendon graft resulted in an increase of the stress on the lateral collateral ligament.


Muscle training of both extensors and flexors is beneficial in medical rehabilitation of ACL-deficient and ACL-reconstructed knees.

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Chiaki Yokota, Sachiko Ohta, and Yasuyuki Fujimoto

( Fischer et al., 2010 ). A series of standardized, quantitative outcome measures were evaluated using the Functional Independence Measure ( Guide for using the Uniform Data Set for Medical Rehabilitation. Version 3.1, 1990 ) for independence in the activities of daily living (with a score ranging from 18

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Nancy Quinn and Laura Misener

in the hands of the classification panel, comprised of members of the orthodox medical/rehabilitation professions. Decisions made by this panel of medically informed experts have material impact on the competitive future and success of the athlete. Our research demonstrates that athlete

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Caitlin Brinkman, Shelby E. Baez, Francesca Genoese, and Johanna M. Hoch

. Level of evidence 1B 1B Physiotherapy Evidence Database score 9/10 8/10 Support for the answer Yes Yes Abbreviations: C, control; C1, control group 1; C2, control group 2; DMRC, Defense Medical Rehabilitation Centre; GS, Experimental; SIRAS, Sport Injury Rehabilitation Adherence Scale; SIRBS, Sports

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Stefanie N. Foster, Michael D. Harris, Mary K. Hastings, Michael J. Mueller, Gretchen B. Salsich, and Marcie Harris-Hayes

; R21HD086644 and NIH T32HD007434 from the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; Washington University Institute of Clinical and Translational Sciences grant UL1TR002345 from the National Center for Advancing Translational

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Anita Kulik, Ewelina Rosłoniec, Przemysław Madejski, Anna Spannbauer, Leszek Zguczyński, Piotr Mika, and Dorota Pilecka

American Geriatrics Society, 52 ( 6 ), 972 – 976 . PubMed ID: 15161464 doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52267.x 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52267.x Różańska-Kirschke , A. , Kocur , P. , Wilk , M. , & Dylewicz , P. ( 2006 ). The Fullerton Fitness Test as an index of fitness in the elderly . Medical

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Yoshifumi Kijima, Ryoji Kiyama, Masaki Sekine, Toshiyo Tamura, Toshiro Fujimoto, Tetsuo Maeda, and Tadasu Ohshige

.B. , Keith , R.A. , Zielezny , M. , & Sherwin , F.S. ( 1986 ). Advances in functional assessment in medical rehabilitation . Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, 1 ( 3 ), 59 – 74 . 10.1097/00013614-198604000-00007 Henriksen , M. , Lund , H. , Moe-Nilssen , R. , Bliddal , H. , & Danneskiod

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Wai-Ting Lo, Kit-Lun Yick, Newman Lau, Lok-Tung Tse, Sun-Pui Ng, and Joanne Yip

of the sit-to-stand motion in elderly persons . Archive Physical Medical Rehabilitation, 73 , 609 – 617 . PubMed Morio , C. ( 2009 ). The influence of footwear on foot motion during walking and running . Journal of Biomechanics, 42 , 2081 – 2088 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2009

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Baptiste Fournier, Maxime Lussier, Nathalie Bier, Johanne Filiatrault, Manon Parisien, Miguel Chagnon, and Marie-Ève Mathieu

systematic review and meta-analysis . Ageing Research Reviews, 16 , 12 – 31 . PubMed ID: 24862109 doi:10.1016/j.arr.2014.05.002 10.1016/j.arr.2014.05.002 Kocur , P. , & Wilk , M. ( 2006 ). Nordic walking—A new form of exercise in rehabilitation . Medical Rehabilitation, 10 ( 2 ), 1 – 8