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Amy Baltzell, Nicole Caraballo, Kristen Chipman, and Laura Hayden

This study explored how members of a Division I varsity women’s soccer team experienced a 6-week, 12 session mindfulness meditation training for sport (MMTS) program. The coaching staff and entire team participated in the MMTS program. Seven of the team members volunteered to be interviewed after their participation in the MMTS program. Thematic analysis was implemented. Most participants reported difficulty understanding the process of meditation at the start of the MMTS program. Post-MMTS, they reported an enhanced ability to accept and experience a different relationship with their emotions, both on and off the field. They also noted the importance of creating a phrase of care for self and team for cohesion purposes. Enhanced mindfulness, awareness, and acceptance of emotional experiences were attributed directly to the mindfulness training. Participants provided specific recommendations for future sport-focused mindfulness meditation programs.

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Jacob D. Meyer, Mary S. Hayney, Christopher L. Coe, Cameron L. Ninos, and Bruce P. Barrett

(e.g., CRP and IP-10), and the systemic levels of inflammatory proteins appear related to both physical and mental health ( Ridker, Hennekens, Buring, & Rifai, 2000 ; Sternberg, 1997 ). It is clear that the practice of meditation has substantive health benefits ( Eberth & Sedlmeier, 2012 ; Goyal et

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Audrey G. Evers, Jessica A Somogie, Ian L. Wong, Jennifer D. Allen, and Adolfo G. Cuevas

. The program also requires roughly 45 min of home practice every day including body scan practices, sitting meditations, and mindful movement ( Miller, Fletcher, & Kabat-Zinn, 1995 ). MBSR has been found to significantly reduce levels of self-reported stress ( Hölzel et al., 2010 ) and symptoms of

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Piotr A. Piasecki, Todd M. Loughead, Kyle F. Paradis, and Krista J. Munroe-Chandler

enhanced closeness and connectedness, coupled with feelings of increased collective efficacy and invincibility ( Dunn & Holt, 2004 ). The PDMS approach was the means by which a team-based mindfulness meditation program was delivered in the current study. A team-based mindfulness meditation program was

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Trevor Cote, Amy Baltzell, and Robert Diehl

study was to gain an in-depth understanding of college athletes’ experience and their perceived impact of completing such an MBI in sport, Mindfulness Meditation Training for Sport 2.0 (MMTS 2.0). Most MBIs in sport are based, conceptually, on Jon Kabat-Zinn’s ( 1994 ) definition of mindfulness as

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Donald R. Marks

Recent studies using neuroimaging technologies offer evidence that ancient beliefs about the benefits (e.g., enhanced attention, increased distress tolerance) associated with mindfulness practice and other forms of meditation may be supported by identifiable neuroanatomical changes in the brain. Although it is too early to make probative statements regarding exactly how and why contemplative practices affect the structure and activity of the brain, sport psychologists may want to consider the potential implications of the findings that have begun to emerge from this neural correlates research. The goal of this article is to (a) review the findings from the principal studies of contemplative practice that have employed measures of neuronal activity (e.g., fMRI, EEG) and (b) examine the potential relevance of these studies to the treatment of psychological disorders among athletes and the enhancement of athletic performance.

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Nicolas Robin, Lucette Toussaint, Stéphane Sinnapah, Olivier Hue, and Guillaume R. Coudevylle

. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 109, 617 – 624 . PubMed ID: 20186426 doi:10.1007/s00421-010-1393-y 10.1007/s00421-010-1393-y Alexander , C.N. , Langer , E.J. , Newman , R.I. , Chandler , H.M. , & Davies , J.L. ( 1989 ). Transcendental meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: An

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Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas, and Keith A. Kaufman

meditation sessions followed by discussion, and meditated together before races. These college athletes, who performed well above their coach’s expectations, reported that meditation training enhanced concentration, relaxation, and synchronicity of the stroke cycle, and reduced the impact of pain, fatigue

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Jason Kostrna and Aaron D’Addario

September and after midseason in January ( Qualtrics, 2019 ). Measures Demographics A brief demographic survey asked questions regarding class status, age, primary event, best time or score in that event, existing formal meditation practices (duration and frequency), and a Likert-style self-rated swim or

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Dorothy V. Harris and William J. Robinson

This study was designed to determine if muscular innervation during imagery was specific to muscles needed for actual performance and if individuals of different skill levels utilizing two imagery perspectives demonstrated differing amounts of muscular activity. A final purpose was to assess the effectiveness of the meditation-relaxation approach used in karate training to reduce tonic activity in muscles. Beginning and advanced (N = 36) karate students were randomly assigned to counterbalanced conditions of imagery perspective (internal/external) x skill level (beginning/advanced) x side (right/left) in a factorial design. EMG data were collected from both deltoid muscles before and after a relaxation session, during and between performances of imaginary arm lifts and between imagery perspectives. Following testing, a questionnaire involving the subject's perception of success at imagery was completed. The results of this investigation suggest that skill level does influence muscle innervation during imagery and that this innervation appears specific to the muscle group necessary to execute the task. Internal imagery produces more EMG activity than external imagery. The meditation-relaxation techniques used in karate do significantly reduce tonic muscle activity.