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M. Ann Hall and Bruce Kidd

Eva Dawes Spinks (1912–2009) was an outstanding Canadian high jumper in the 1930s. The present paper traces her early life, successful athletic career, and her decision in 1935 to join a group of athletes on a goodwill tour of the Soviet Union organized by the Workers’ Sports Association of Canada. Upon her return, Dawes was suspended by the Women’s Amateur Athletic Union of Canada. She retired from competition and became involved in the Canadian campaign to boycott the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Much later, Dawes adamantly denied any political involvement. The purpose of this paper is to examine and possibly explain the incongruity between the historical evidence and Dawes’s later denials. More broadly, it is a discussion about the relationship between history and individual memory.

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Enzo Iuliano, Giovanni Fiorilli, Giovanna Aquino, Alfonso Di Costanzo, Giuseppe Calcagno and Alessandra di Cagno

Memory performance is related to dementia, and plays an important role in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V (DSM-V), clear evidence of progressive decline in memory and learning is

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Élvio R. Gouveia, Asim Smailagic, Andreas Ihle, Adilson Marques, Bruna R. Gouveia, Mónica Cameirão, Honorato Sousa, Matthias Kliegel and Daniel Siewiorek

of the gains in CF domains in the follow-up of exergaming interventions. It also remains unclear which cognitive domains (such as short-term memory [STM] and long-term memory [LTM], working memory, executive functioning, inductive reasoning, etc.) may benefit most from exergaming interventions

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Keishi Soga, Keita Kamijo and Hiroaki Masaki

, & Kramer, 2015 for a review). For example, a cross-sectional study using a hippocampus-dependent relational memory task in children ( Chaddock et al., 2010 ) has indicated that greater aerobic fitness is associated with larger hippocampal volume and superior memory performance. A longitudinal, randomized

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Madison C. Chandler, Amanda L. McGowan, Ford Burles, Kyle E. Mathewson, Claire J. Scavuzzo and Matthew B. Pontifex

with lower levels of aerobic fitness demonstrate relatively poor cognitive performance in areas such as learning and memory compared with those who are more aerobically fit ( Baym et al., 2014 ; Hillman, Erickson, & Kramer, 2008 ; Pontifex, Gwizdala, Parks, Pfeiffer, & Fenn, 2016 ; Pontifex et

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Junyeon Won, Alfonso J. Alfini, Lauren R. Weiss, James M. Hagberg and J. Carson Smith

Age-related cognitive decline often begins before 60 years of age in many individuals ( Salthouse, 2009 ), and memory dysfunction is one of the most common hallmarks of age-related cognitive impairment ( Grady & Craik, 2000 ). Age-related memory decline often accompanies hippocampal atrophy ( Mega

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Jeffrey D. Labban and Jennifer L. Etnier

, & Capranica, 2007 ), executive function (e.g.,  Emery, Honn, Frid, Lebowitz, & Diaz, 2001 ; Kubesch et al., 2003 ; Netz, Argov, & Inbar, 2009 ), or short-term memory (e.g.,  Coles & Tomporowski, 2008 ; Netz et al., 2009 ; Tomporowski & Ganio, 2006 ). The dominant assumption within the literature is that

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Maëlle Tixier, Corinne Cian, Pierre-Alain Barraud, Rafael Laboissiere and Stéphane Rousset

spatial components, cognitive tasks that have spatial processing requirements might create a greater dual-task effect. With Baddeley’s model as a framework, the field of working memory (WM) is the predominant means of studying posture–cognition interaction for spatial and nonspatial tasks. Indeed, spatial

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Femke van Abswoude, John van der Kamp and Bert Steenbergen

; Maxwell, Masters, & Eves, 2003 ). In particular, the conscious memorizing and manipulation of information relies on working memory. Consequently, working memory capacity may affect explicit learning, especially in the initial stage of learning. That is, with practice, the need for conscious control and

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Arth R.R. Pahwa, Dylan J. Miller, Jeremy B. Caplan and David F. Collins

(see Roig, Nordbrandt, Geertsen, & Nielsen, 2013 ; Tomporowski & Ellis, 1986 for review). In fact, even a single bout of exercise (“acute” exercise) can improve performance on tests of long-term memory ( Coles & Tomporowski, 2008 ; Labban & Etnier, 2011 ; McNerney & Radvansky, 2015 ; Segal