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M. Ann Hall and Bruce Kidd

Eva Dawes Spinks (1912–2009) was an outstanding Canadian high jumper in the 1930s. The present paper traces her early life, successful athletic career, and her decision in 1935 to join a group of athletes on a goodwill tour of the Soviet Union organized by the Workers’ Sports Association of Canada. Upon her return, Dawes was suspended by the Women’s Amateur Athletic Union of Canada. She retired from competition and became involved in the Canadian campaign to boycott the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Much later, Dawes adamantly denied any political involvement. The purpose of this paper is to examine and possibly explain the incongruity between the historical evidence and Dawes’s later denials. More broadly, it is a discussion about the relationship between history and individual memory.

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Enzo Iuliano, Giovanni Fiorilli, Giovanna Aquino, Alfonso Di Costanzo, Giuseppe Calcagno and Alessandra di Cagno

Memory performance is related to dementia, and plays an important role in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V (DSM-V), clear evidence of progressive decline in memory and learning is

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Keishi Soga, Keita Kamijo and Hiroaki Masaki

, & Kramer, 2015 for a review). For example, a cross-sectional study using a hippocampus-dependent relational memory task in children ( Chaddock et al., 2010 ) has indicated that greater aerobic fitness is associated with larger hippocampal volume and superior memory performance. A longitudinal, randomized

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Jeffrey D. Labban and Jennifer L. Etnier

, & Capranica, 2007 ), executive function (e.g.,  Emery, Honn, Frid, Lebowitz, & Diaz, 2001 ; Kubesch et al., 2003 ; Netz, Argov, & Inbar, 2009 ), or short-term memory (e.g.,  Coles & Tomporowski, 2008 ; Netz et al., 2009 ; Tomporowski & Ganio, 2006 ). The dominant assumption within the literature is that

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Femke van Abswoude, John van der Kamp and Bert Steenbergen

; Maxwell, Masters, & Eves, 2003 ). In particular, the conscious memorizing and manipulation of information relies on working memory. Consequently, working memory capacity may affect explicit learning, especially in the initial stage of learning. That is, with practice, the need for conscious control and

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Jacinta M. Saldaris, Grant J. Landers and Brendan S. Lay

Cognitive function is the performance of objective tasks that require conscious mental effort and is an emerging area in sport performance. Functions involving decision making, working memory, and executive control are important during many sporting situations and are explored in this study. In

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Emmanuel Ducrocq, Mark Wilson, Tim J. Smith and Nazanin Derakshan

working memory (WM; Shipstead, Lindsey, Marshall, & Engle, 2014 ; Unsworth, Redick, Spillers, & Brewer, 2012 ), attentional control or working memory capacity (WMC) reflects individual differences in the efficacy by which executive functions of inhibition (e.g., resistance to distraction), shifting (e

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T. Bettina Cornwell, Steffen Jahn, Hu Xie and Wang Suk Suh

between emotions and memory, as well as calls for research on memory in marketing ( Bagozzi, Gopinath, & Nyer, 1999 ). Thus, the current research considers event emotions and the role of these emotions on sponsor recall, as well as intent to participate in the sporting event in the future. Importantly

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Isaac Estevan, Sergio Gandia, Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, José Luis Bermejo and Xavier García-Massó

, Cinar, Majnemer, & Gagnon, 2017 ). Balance and the cognitive function (e.g., working memory) can potentially influence each other ( Huang & Mercer, 2001 ). Studies conducted on the relationship between motor performance and working memory require individuals to perform both tasks simultaneously ( dual

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Eric A. Roy, Liana Brown, Tammi Winchester, Paula Square, Craig Hall and Sandra Black

Apraxia is an impairment in the ability to pantomime or imitate gestures usually caused by a stroke more frequently to the left than the right hemisphere. Due to the complex nature of apraxia, disruptions to a number of different cognitive and motor processes have been proposed to underly this disorder. In order to examine disruptions to these processes the participation of a special population of people who have suffered a stroke has been enlisted. The role of memory has been particularly well elucidated in studies of this special population, as patients with left hemisphere damage exhibit a particular deficit in performing gestures from memory. In this paper, through use of a model depicting the stages involved in gestural production, the processes that might be affected at each stage by left hemisphere damage are examined. The implications of the “cognitive neuropsychology” approach for incorporating special populations into research in the movement sciences are considered.