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Mental Blocks in Artistic Gymnastics and Cheerleading: Longitudinal Analysis of Flikikammo

Annamari Maaranen, Judy L. Van Raalte, and Britton W. Brewer

The condition in which an athlete loses the ability to perform previously automatic skills as a normal part of a routine can be debilitating and, for some, career-ending. The condition has been described with a variety of names, including mental block, lost move syndrome ( Bennett, Hays, Lindsay

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Flikikammo: When Gymnasts Lose Previously Automatic Backward Moving Skills

Annamari Maaranen, Erica G. Beachy, Judy L. Van Raalte, Britton W. Brewer, Thaddeus J. France, and Albert J. Petitpas

Mental blocks, phenomena in which athletes lose the ability to perform previously automatic skills, are well known but poorly understood. Study 1 was designed to assess mental blocks in gymnastics and determine if such blocks are distinct from related conditions, such as slumps, choking, and fear of injury. Mental blocks were reported to have unique characteristics and to affect backward moving skills. Study 2 was a qualitative analysis of the experiences of 5 gymnasts currently experiencing mental blocks on backward moving skills. Such block is called flikikammo and was described as cycling on and off, spreading to other events and skills, affecting visualization, and worsening when performance of the affected skills was forced by coaches. The findings are the first to detail the experience of gymnasts currently experiencing the condition. Additional research may help identify ways to alleviate and/or prevent flikikammo.

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Pressure to Provide a Solution: One-to-One Support With an Elite Junior Gymnast

Nick Wadsworth

attending physiotherapy sessions. The owner of the clinic recommended to both C.S. and her father that they contact me for some psychological support. C.S.’s father contacted me directly and explained that on her return to training, his daughter was experiencing a “mental block” on the move that had caused

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Role Model or Quitter? Social Media’s Response to Simone Biles at Tokyo 2020

Steph Doehler

Vancouver riots . Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 59 ( 3 ), 399 – 415 . Carayol , T. ( 2021 , July 28 ). Simone Biles’ twisties: Mental block which puts gymnasts at serious risk . The Guardian .

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“You Had One Job!” A Case Study of Maladaptive Parasocial Interaction and Athlete Maltreatment in Virtual Spaces

Jimmy Sanderson, Matthew Zimmerman, Sarah Stokowski, and Alison Fridley

PARKEY.” One user conveyed a lingering resentment toward Parkey by declaring, It’s been 3 days since this went down and every time I watch it, it makes me get angry that we have such a choke artist of a kicker. I honestly don’t know how he’s every going to get past this mental block. Support Although

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Certified Athletic Trainers’ Experiences With and Perceptions of Sport Psychology Services for Student-Athletes

Rebecca A. Zakrajsek, Leslee A. Fisher, and Scott B. Martin

at, it’s not a physical aspect, it’s a mental block. So that’s when . . . usually it’s in the form of they’re not [performing a certain skill], well, that’s the first sign I have to get them in to see [the SPC]. In conclusion, results from the current study suggest that most ATs at one institution