Mental disorders include a group of heterogeneous disorders, such as major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and anxiety disorders, that cause significant distress and impairment of personal functioning. 1 People with mental disorders have 10–20 years of shortened life
Vagner Deuel de Oliveira Tavares, Nicole Leite Galvão-Coelho, Joseph Firth, Simon Rosenbaum, Brendon Stubbs, Lee Smith, Davy Vancampfort, and Felipe Barreto Schuch
Shakiba Oftadeh-Moghadam and Paul Gorczynski
causing clinically significant distress or impairment that meet certain diagnostic criteria, such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ) or International Classification of Diseases (ICD; WHO, 2018a )” ( Reardon et al., 2019 , p
Jouni Lahti, Ossi Rahkonen, Eero Lahelma, and Mikko Laaksonen
To examine whether leisure-time physical activity is associated with all-cause disability retirement as well as disability retirement due to musculoskeletal and mental causes.
The baseline data were collected by questionnaire surveys in 2000−2002 among 40- to 60-year-old employees of the City of Helsinki. Disability retirement data were derived from the registry of the Finnish Centre for Pensions (maximum follow-up time 6.8 years). The analysis included 4920 women and 1355 men. Physical activity was converted to metabolic equivalent (MET) index. We classified the participants into 4 groups according to physical activity recommendations and according to the participation in vigorous intensity activities. Cox regression analysis was used to calculate hazard ratios.
Physical activity decreased the risk of all-cause disability retirement among both genders, however, women engaging in recommended volume of moderate-intensity activity only did not have reduced risk. Those engaging in vigorous activity with sufficient total volume had clearly reduced risk of disability retirement. The association was similar when examining disability retirement due to musculoskeletal and mental causes.
For healthy middle-aged engaging in moderate-intensity physical activity additional vigorous exercise may be useful for maintaining musculoskeletal and mental health and thus lower the risk of subsequent disability retirement.
Stine Nylandsted Jensen, Andreas Ivarsson, Johan Fallby, and Anne-Marie Elbe
more at risk for gambling than members of the general population, research has also indicated that gambling is related to certain mental disorders. Gambling, for example, has been identified as a comorbid factor of depression and anxiety ( Gebauer, LaBrie, & Shaffer, 2010 ). The influence that anxiety
Jolan Kegelaers, Paul Wylleman, I. (Belle) N.A. van Bree, Francesco Wessels, and Raôul R.D. Oudejans
-analysis by Gouttebarge et al. ( 2019 ) reported prevalence rates of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD) among both active and retired elite athletes between 15.8% and 19.6% for distress, 26.4% and 33.6% for depression/anxiety (not differentiated), 20.9% and 26.4% for sleep disturbance, and 18.8% and 21
Michael J. Panza, Scott Graupensperger, Jennifer P. Agans, Isabelle Doré, Stewart A. Vella, and Michael Blair Evans
Mental health is a critical component of health and development throughout adolescence. When considering how to delineate a mentally healthy adolescent, definitions integrate the common perspective of the absence of clinically significant mental disorder along with an optimal state of well
Shakiba Oftadeh-Moghadam and Paul Gorczynski
al., 2020 ). However, within rugby, only a handful of researchers have focused on common mental disorders including anxiety, major depressive disorder, sleep disturbance, eating disorders, adverse nutrition, and alcohol use in rugby players. Gouttebarge, Hopley, et al. ( 2017 ) have found that the
Graig M. Chow, Matthew D. Bird, Nicole T. Gabana, Brandon T. Cooper, and Martin A. Swanbrow Becker
) represents an individual’s “knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders which aid their recognition, management or prevention” ( Jorm et al., 1997 , p. 184). It generally consists of knowledge about the prevalence, signs, and symptoms of specific mental disorders, risk factors and causes of mental illness
Christopher P. Tomczyk, George Shaver, and Tamerah N. Hunt
Clinical Scenario Anxiety is a mental disorder that affects a large portion of the population, especially adolescents and young adults. 1 Anxiety is an emotional response to a stimulus (external or internal) and is characterized by a mixture of behavioral, cognitive, and somatic symptoms. 2 , 3
Sharon R. Guthrie, Cathy Ferguson, and Dixie Grimmett
This research examined the nutritional practices and body images of 13 competitive women bodybuilders living in southern California and in the Midwest. Data collection included both structured interviews and survey methods. Findings indicate nutritional health and positive body image among this sample of women. None of the bodybuilders had anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III-R; American Psychiatric Association, 1987) criteria, were binge eaters or used pathogenic weight control measures. Instead, they reported significant improvement in their nutritional attitudes and behaviors after beginning bodybuilding training. These data suggest a relationship between participating in competitive bodybuilding and other behaviors related to nutrition and self-perception.