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Lee Baldock, Brendan Cropley, Rich Neil, and Stephen D. Mellalieu

impact upon the individual’s performance and mental well-being (for a review, see Baldock et al., 2020 ). Researchers investigating coach stress have explored individual components of the stress process, including the nature and categorization of stressors experienced (e.g.,  Olusoga et al., 2009

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Changwook Kim, Jinwon Kim, and Brijesh Thapa

life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.” 3 Therefore, mental well-being could be regarded as a state of experience that integrates positive emotional, psychological, and social functioning. 4 According to the activity theory of aging

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Rachel G. Curtis, Dorothea Dumuid, Timothy Olds, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Jillian Ryan, Sarah Edney, and Carol Maher

previous research on children and older adults, to our knowledge, no research has used the compositional isotemporal substitution method to examine the associations of time-use behaviors with physical and mental well-being in young and middle-aged adults. This study therefore aimed to examine the

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Kathleen E. Miller and Joseph H. Hoffman

Past research has linked physical activity and sports participation with improved mental and social well-being, including reduced risk of depression and suicidality. In this study we examined relationships among several dimensions of athletic involvement (team sport participation, individual sport participation, athlete identity, and jock identity), gender, and depression and suicidal behavior in a sample of 791 undergraduate students. Both participation in a team sport and athlete identity were associated with lower depression scores. Athlete identity was also associated with lower odds of a past-year suicide attempt, whereas jock identity was associated with elevated odds of a suicide attempt. The findings are discussed in light of the relationship between mental well-being and a larger constellation of health-risk behaviors linked to a “toxic jock” identity.

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Georgia A. Bird, Mary L. Quinton, and Jennifer Cumming

all competitive levels is needed and will also support calls for action in elite sport. Athlete mental health is often viewed through a lens of mental illness and conceptualized differently across studies ( Uphill et al., 2016 ). Mental well-being is also an important feature of mental health that is

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Brennan K. Berg, Yuhei Inoue, Matthew T. Bowers, and Packianathan Chelladurai

ratings of mental well-being (as measured by happiness). The positive relationship between spectator sport and mental well-being was further supported by Schlegel et al.’s ( 2017 ) investigation of the impact of hosting the 2014 FIFA World Cup on residents in Rio de Janeiro. By analyzing data collected

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Kazuhiro Harada, Kouhei Masumoto, and Narihiko Kondo

physical activity has desirable effects on mental health variables such as depression, 3 , 4 anxiety, 5 and mental well-being. 6 However, despite these previous investigations of the relationships between physical activity and mental health, it remains unclear what specific conditions of physical

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Andreas Kuettel, Natalie Durand-Bush, and Carsten H. Larsen

holistic ecological approach, a cumulative stress score was calculated by summing up the stressors encountered in the sporting, school, and private domains (Cronbach α = .70). Mental well-being To assess athletes’ mental health, the Danish seven-item version of the Short Warwick–Edinburg Mental Well-Being

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Kayla Regan, Felicia White, David Harvey, and Laura E. Middleton

quality of life and mental well-being than people with healthy cognition ( Enache, Winblad, & Aarsland, 2011 ; Thyrian et al., 2016 ; Winter, Korchounov, Zhukova, & Bertschi, 2011 ). Their care partners also have poor health outcomes, including a high risk for depression, anxiety, and cardiovascular

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Ben Laslett and Mark Uphill

used to evaluate the impact of the interventions on mental well-being. However, because of difficulties in recruitment and that two participants did not complete at least three baseline measures, the traditional visual inspection analytic techniques were not used. Finally, social validation examined