effect in healthy older adults (those who typically walk at a speed of 1.0 m/s or greater) also found significant changes in performance ( Al-Yahya et al., 2011 ; Dubost et al., 2006 ; Hausdorff et al., 2007 ; van Iersel, Ribbers, Munneke, Borm, & Rikkert, 2007 ). A recent meta-analysis examined the
Erin Smith, Tara Cusack, Caitriona Cunningham, and Catherine Blake
Lynette L. Craft and Daniel M. Landers
The effect of exercise on negative affect has been examined in hundreds of studies. However, the effect of exercise on diagnosed clinical depression has received far less attention. Furthermore, poor methodological techniques predominate and results have been conflicting. A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the effect of exercise on clinical depression and depression resulting from mental illness. The chosen studies examined the effect of a chronic exercise paradigm (independent variable) on depression (dependent variable). Each study’s variables were coded: design, subjects, exercise, and dependent measure characteristics that could moderate the effect of exercise on depression. Moderator variables were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results from 30 studies showed an overall mean effect of −.72. Therefore, individuals who exercised were −.72 of a standard deviation less depressed than individuals who did not exercise. Moderating variables and implications for the prescription of exercise as an effective treatment for depression are discussed.
Regis C. Pearson, Betsy Cogan, Sara A. Garcia, and Nathan T. Jenkins
abstracts of all articles retrieved by the above search protocol. Next, the same authors proposed articles that validated the inclusion and exclusion criteria. All articles had unanimous approval for inclusion in the meta-analysis. Disagreements were resolved through discussion with a third author available
Nkechi Offor, Peace Ossom Williamson, and Priscila Caçola
The purpose of this systematic literature review and meta-analysis is to identify the types of interventions in physical therapy contexts that have been explored in children with developmental coordination disorder, the most common variables being addressed, and whether these interventions are effective.
This systematic search of MEDLINE, PEDro, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library identified interventions in physical therapy contexts for children and adolescents with DCD, and studies were screened using these criteria and assessed using the PEDro and NIH quality assessment scales. AMSTAR was used to evaluate systematic reviews and a meta-analysis was conducted.
From the articles reviewed, 29 articles of moderate to good quality were included in the qualitative analysis. Task-oriented approaches as well as motor skill training–based interventions have shown beneficial effects in improving motor function in children with DCD. Data from 14 articles was extracted for inclusion in the meta-analysis, providing support for the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions against inaction.
Researchers recommend the use of task-oriented and traditional physical therapy interventions for children with DCD. In addition, interventions in physical therapy contexts need clear goals and outcome measures for individual children.
Mark Glaister and Conor Gissane
significant increase. 5 These discrepancies could easily be attributed to statistical error resulting from the relatively small sample sizes that are typical of these investigations and have often been criticized. 27 , 28 The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was therefore to investigate the
Nicholas D. Myers, Sung Eun Park, Soyeon Ahn, Seungmin Lee, Philip J. Sullivan, and Deborah L. Feltz
individual estimates of the relationship of interest. Readers are referred to Ahn, Lu, Lefevor, Fedewa, and Celimli ( 2016 ) for a thorough review of methodological approaches for applications of meta-analysis in sport and exercise science. Four research questions were investigated and are listed below. 1
Heloisa Suzano de Almeida, Flávia Porto, Marcelo Porretti, Gabriella Lopes, Daniele Fiorot, Priscila dos Santos Bunn, and Elirez Bezerra da Silva
, Bhriain, Saunders, & Clifford, 2015 ; Sharp & Hewitt, 2014 ). The present meta-analysis is justified because it is more recent and includes six new randomized controlled trials (RCTs), of which five RCTs were with one experimental dance group each and one RCT was with two groups, totaling seven new
Renata Valle Pedroso, Miguel Adriano Sanchez-Lastra, Laura Iglesias Comesaña, and Carlos Ayán
recently published regarding the effects of home-based exercise on CKD patients. 7 However, the scientific evidence regarding the feasibility and potential benefits of this rehabilitation approach provided in this review was limited. For instance, the authors performed a meta-analysis of the the impact of
Christopher R. Hill, Deborah L. Feltz, Stephen Samendinger, and Karin A. Pfeiffer
are crucial in the self-regulation of exercise behavior in adolescents and children ( Feltz & Magyar, 2006 ) and are the focus of our meta-analysis. For the remainder of this meta-analytic review, self-efficacy will be used synonymously with BSE for linguistic thrift. Previous narrative reviews of
Caroline Pereira Santos, Mahara Proença, Tamara dos Santos Gouveia, Crystian Bitencourt Soares de Oliveira, Guilherme Yassuki Tacao, Iara Buriola Trevisan, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, and Dionei Ramos
importance of conducting this review. Therefore, the objective of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of aerobic exercise of different intensities compared with usual care on smoking cessation in adults. Methods This review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for