effect in healthy older adults (those who typically walk at a speed of 1.0 m/s or greater) also found significant changes in performance ( Al-Yahya et al., 2011 ; Dubost et al., 2006 ; Hausdorff et al., 2007 ; van Iersel, Ribbers, Munneke, Borm, & Rikkert, 2007 ). A recent meta-analysis examined the
Erin Smith, Tara Cusack, Caitriona Cunningham and Catherine Blake
Lynette L. Craft and Daniel M. Landers
The effect of exercise on negative affect has been examined in hundreds of studies. However, the effect of exercise on diagnosed clinical depression has received far less attention. Furthermore, poor methodological techniques predominate and results have been conflicting. A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the effect of exercise on clinical depression and depression resulting from mental illness. The chosen studies examined the effect of a chronic exercise paradigm (independent variable) on depression (dependent variable). Each study’s variables were coded: design, subjects, exercise, and dependent measure characteristics that could moderate the effect of exercise on depression. Moderator variables were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results from 30 studies showed an overall mean effect of −.72. Therefore, individuals who exercised were −.72 of a standard deviation less depressed than individuals who did not exercise. Moderating variables and implications for the prescription of exercise as an effective treatment for depression are discussed.
Nkechi Offor, Peace Ossom Williamson and Priscila Caçola
The purpose of this systematic literature review and meta-analysis is to identify the types of interventions in physical therapy contexts that have been explored in children with developmental coordination disorder, the most common variables being addressed, and whether these interventions are effective.
This systematic search of MEDLINE, PEDro, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library identified interventions in physical therapy contexts for children and adolescents with DCD, and studies were screened using these criteria and assessed using the PEDro and NIH quality assessment scales. AMSTAR was used to evaluate systematic reviews and a meta-analysis was conducted.
From the articles reviewed, 29 articles of moderate to good quality were included in the qualitative analysis. Task-oriented approaches as well as motor skill training–based interventions have shown beneficial effects in improving motor function in children with DCD. Data from 14 articles was extracted for inclusion in the meta-analysis, providing support for the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions against inaction.
Researchers recommend the use of task-oriented and traditional physical therapy interventions for children with DCD. In addition, interventions in physical therapy contexts need clear goals and outcome measures for individual children.
Mark Glaister and Conor Gissane
significant increase. 5 These discrepancies could easily be attributed to statistical error resulting from the relatively small sample sizes that are typical of these investigations and have often been criticized. 27 , 28 The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was therefore to investigate the
Nicholas D. Myers, Sung Eun Park, Soyeon Ahn, Seungmin Lee, Philip J. Sullivan and Deborah L. Feltz
individual estimates of the relationship of interest. Readers are referred to Ahn, Lu, Lefevor, Fedewa, and Celimli ( 2016 ) for a thorough review of methodological approaches for applications of meta-analysis in sport and exercise science. Four research questions were investigated and are listed below. 1
Heloisa Suzano de Almeida, Flávia Porto, Marcelo Porretti, Gabriella Lopes, Daniele Fiorot, Priscila dos Santos Bunn and Elirez Bezerra da Silva
, Bhriain, Saunders, & Clifford, 2015 ; Sharp & Hewitt, 2014 ). The present meta-analysis is justified because it is more recent and includes six new randomized controlled trials (RCTs), of which five RCTs were with one experimental dance group each and one RCT was with two groups, totaling seven new
Christopher R. Hill, Deborah L. Feltz, Stephen Samendinger and Karin A. Pfeiffer
are crucial in the self-regulation of exercise behavior in adolescents and children ( Feltz & Magyar, 2006 ) and are the focus of our meta-analysis. For the remainder of this meta-analytic review, self-efficacy will be used synonymously with BSE for linguistic thrift. Previous narrative reviews of
Devin S. Kielur and Cameron J. Powden
regarding the efficacy of CTF and its application parameters. Objectives The purpose of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to collect, critically appraise, and summarize the available literature regarding CTF effect on DFROM in physically active individuals. Evidence Acquisition Search Strategy A
Allysiê Priscilla de Souza Cavina, Eduardo Pizzo Junior, Aryane Flauzino Machado, Taíse Mendes Biral, Leonardo Kesrouani Lemos, Caio Russo Dutra Rodrigues, Carlos Marcelo Pastre and Franciele Marques Vanderlei
meta-analysis of the results. 5 Despite the popularity of this method and its various applications in clinical practice, it is necessary to show the actual effects of the mat Pilates method on the body composition of individuals who practice it, as they are exercises that do not require high costs to
Luca Petrigna, Ambra Gentile, Diba Mani, Simona Pajaujiene, Tobia Zanotto, Ewan Thomas, Antonio Paoli, Antonio Palma and Antonino Bianco
. In a recent review and meta-analysis by Ghai et al. ( 2017 ), the differences between secondary task conditions during training programs were evaluated. In our study, the emphasis is directed to the effects of different secondary task conditions on postural control. Strategies to provide further