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Tania Pereira, John Durocher and Jamie Burr

’s physical movements to adjust to riding circumstances to maintain control and which have previously been classified as moderately intense exercise (3–6 metabolic equivalents [METs]). 9 , 10 The coordination of physical effort in response to changes in speed or terrain features leads to variations in

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Harsh H. Buddhadev and Philip E. Martin

affects metabolic cost and lower limb muscular excitation during cycling ( Baum & Li, 2003 ; Bigland-Ritchie & Woods, 1974 ; Chavarren & Calbet, 1999 ; Gaesser & Brooks, 1975 ; Samozino et al., 2006 ). The 60 and 90 rpm cadences matched those used by Bell and Ferguson ( 2009 ) and were distinctly

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Herman van Werkhoven and Stephen J. Piazza

have found the mass-specific metabolic cost of treadmill running to correlate positively and significantly with heel length. Scholz et al 4 suggested a theoretical model that explained how short heels might improve running economy (reduce metabolic cost). Producing the same plantar flexor moment

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Paula B. Costa, Scott R. Richmond, Charles R. Smith, Brad Currier, Richard A. Stecker, Brad T. Gieske, Kimi Kemp, Kyle E. Witherbee and Chad M. Kerksick

combined with low EA may increase synchronized swimmers risk for bone and metabolic complications. Previous work has indicated that the ratio of predicted resting metabolism to measured resting metabolism may serve as a suitable approximate of EA status. 6 – 9 Ebine et al 10 estimated total daily energy

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Sofia W. Manta, Paula F. Sandreschi, Thiago S. Matias, Camila Tomicki and Tânia R.B. Benedetti

 al., 2016 ). In older adults, the lack of PA and sedentary behavior are associated with all-cause mortality, and even low levels of PA have been found beneficial ( Brown et al., 2012 ). In addition, these behaviors are associated with both all-cause mortality and the presence of metabolic syndrome ( Chau et

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Ted Polglaze and Matthias W. Hoppe

Metabolic power ( P met ) has been proposed as a tool to estimate the energetic demands of variable-speed locomotion typically seen in team sports. 1 From the outset, it should be stated that this model is not able to fully account for the physical demands of team-sport activity, 2 , 3 but nor

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Michael E. Hales and John D. Johnson II

), biceps femoris (BF), gastrocnemius medial head, and tibialis anterior (TA); and cardiopulmonary factors: maximal oxygen consumption (VO 2 max), heart rate (HR), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), metabolic equivalent of task (MET), and energy expenditure. The test course (20 × 20 m 2 area) consisted of 8

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Tannath J. Scott, Heidi R. Thornton, Macfarlane T.U. Scott, Ben J. Dascombe and Grant M. Duthie

importance during match play. 2 In addition to measuring the distance covered at predefined speeds, the assessment of acceleration and deceleration efforts is crucial in quantifying the repeated intermittent efforts performed by players. 3 , 5 , 8 The interaction of the associated metabolic cost of

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J. Luke Pryor, Brittany Christensen, Catherine G. R. Jackson and Stephanie Moore-Reed

pain and discomfort while meeting metabolic demands consistent with physical activity recommendations may be part of the solution for physical activity engagement, and long-term adherence and compliance in sedentary, obese individuals. Yoga is an increasingly popular form of physical activity, which

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Monica Klungland Torstveit, Ida Fahrenholtz, Thomas B. Stenqvist, Øystein Sylta and Anna Melin

is scientific evidence concerning the causality between relative energy deficiency and the metabolic and endocrine perturbations related to suppressed resting metabolic rate (RMR), subclinical and clinical menstrual dysfunction in women, and poor bone health ( Loucks et al., 1998 ; Loucks & Thuma